La Promenade

Object Details

Title:

La Promenade

Artist/Maker(s):

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French, 1841 - 1919)

Culture:

French

Date:

1870

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

81.3 x 64.8 cm (32 x 25 1/2 in.)

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What Pierre-August Renoir himself titled this painting is unknown, but La Promenade is in part an homage to earlier artists that he greatly admired. Renoir had spent the previous summer painting outdoors with Claude Monet, who encouraged him to move toward a lighter, more luminous palette and to indulge his penchant for luscious, feathery brushwork. Here Renoir retained something of Gustave Courbet's green-and-brown palette while choosing his subject from the sensual, lighthearted garden jaunts of eighteenth-century painters such as Jean-Antoine Watteau and Jean-Honoré Fragonard, whose works he had studied in the Louvre.

Unlike the images of seduction created by his predecessors, Renoir's is a fleeting moment caught by chance--middle-class Parisians immersed in nature, possibly a local park, not set before a studio backdrop. The dappled light filtering through the foliage would become a trademark of Renoir's finest Impressionist works of the 1870s and 1880s. He used a thin, oily paint mix, his glazes here floating into each other to create depth.

Provenance
- 1898

Gustave Goupy (Paris, France) [sold, "G.G." sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, March 30, 1898, lot 33, to Durand-Ruel.]

1898 - 1908

Durand-Ruel & Cie (New York, New York; Paris, France), sold to Galerie Paul Cassirer, September 11, 1908.

1908

Galerie Paul Cassirer (Berlin, Germany; London, England)

1908 - 1927

Bernhard Köhler, 1849 - 1927 (Berlin, Germany), probably by inheritance to his son, Bernhard Köhler d.J., 1927.

1927 - at least 1930

Probably Bernhard Köhler d.J., 1882 - 1964

by 1933 - still in 1942

Paul Rosenberg & Co. (London, England; New York, New York; Paris, France)

by 1956 - 1958

Nate B. Spingold, 1886 - 1958 (New York, New York; Palm Beach, Florida), upon his death, by inheritance to his wife, Frances Spingold, 1958.

by 1956 - 1958

and Frances Spingold (New York, New York; Palm Beach, Florida)

1958 - 1976

Frances Spingold (New York, New York; Palm Beach, Florida) [sold, Spingold sale, Sotheby's, London, November 29, 1976, lot 22, to Seito.]

1976 -

Seito (Tokyo, Japan)

by 1978 - 1989

British Rail Pension Trustee Company, Ltd. (London, England) [sold, British Rail Pension Fund sale, Sotheby's, London, April 4, 1989, lot 6, to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]

Exhibitions
Third Exhibition of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters & Gravers (October 7 to December 10, 1901) (Cat. 93)
  • The Galleries, 191 Piccadilly, (London), October 7 to December 10, 1901
A. Renoir. 37 Werke (March 26 to April 28, 1905) (no cat. no.)
  • Galerie Paul Cassirer, (Berlin), March 26 to April 28, 1905
Die klassische Malerei Frankreichs im 19. Jahrhundert (July 18 to October 20, 1912) (Cat. 104)
  • Kunstverein (Frankfurt), July 18 to October 20, 1912
Ausstellung von Meisterwerken deutscher und französischer Malerei des 19. Jahrhunderts (January to February, 1930) (Cat. 74)
  • Kunstverein (Düsseldorf), January to February, 1930
Renoir and His Tradition (November to December, 1931) (Cat. 12)
  • Museum of French Art (New York), November to December, 1931
Exposition Renoir, 1841-1919 (1933) (Cat. 18)
  • Musée de l'Orangerie, (Paris), 1933
Le Décor de la vie sous le IIIe République de 1870 à 1900 (April to July, 1933) (Cat. 279)
  • Pavillon de Marsan, Palais du Louvre, (Paris), April to July, 1933
Honderd Jaar Fransche Kunst (July 2 to September 25, 1938) (Cat. 199)
  • Stedelijk Museum, (Amsterdam), July 2 to September 25, 1938
Renoir: Centennial Loan Exhibition, 1841-1941, for the Benefit of the Free French Relief Committee (November 8 to December 6, 1941) (Cat. 8)
  • Duveen Galleries, (New York), November 8 to December 6, 1941
French Art of the Nineteenth Century: Paintings, Prints, Drawings (July to August, 1942) (no cat no.)
  • Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, (Cambridge), July to August, 1942
"Masterpieces Recalled": A Loan Exhibition of 19th and 20th Century French Paintings, for the Benefit of the League for Emotionally Disturbed Children, Inc. (February 6 to March 2, 1957) (Cat. 22)
  • Paul Rosenberg Gallery, (New York), February 6 to March 2, 1957
Renoir: Loan Exhibition for the Benefit of the Citizens' Committee for Chidren of New York City, Inc. (April 8 to May 10, 1958) (Cat. 10)
  • Wildenstein & Company, (New York), April 8 to May 10, 1958
The Nate and Frances Spingold Collection (1960) (no cat. no.)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York), 1960
Renoir: A Loan Exhibition for the Benefit of the American Association of Museums, in Commemoration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of Renoir's Death (March 27 to May 3, 1969) (Cat. 2)
  • Wildenstein & Company, (New York), March 27 to May 3, 1969
"One Hundred Years of Impressionism": A Tribute to Durand-Ruel. A Loan Exhibition for the Benefit of the New York University Art Collection (April 2 to May 9, 1970) (Cat. 8)
  • Wildenstein & Company, (New York), April 2 to May 9, 1970
Renoir, the Gentle Rebel: A Loan Exhibition for the Benefit of the Association for Mentally Ill Children (October 24 to November 30, 1974) (Cat. 4)
  • Wildenstein & Company, (New York), October 24 to November 30, 1974
Thirty-Five Paintings from the Collection of the British Rail Pension Fund (November 8 to December 14, 1984) (Cat. 26)
  • Thomas Agnew & Sons, Ltd., (London), November 8 to December 14, 1984
Renoir (January 30, 1985 to January 5, 1986) (Cat. 16 / 15)
  • The Hayward Gallery, (London), January 30 to April 21, 1985
  • Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, (Paris), May 14 to September 2, 1985
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, October 9, 1985 to January 5, 1986
Lighting up the Landscape: French Impressionism and Its Origins (August 1 to October 19, 1986) (Cat. 89)
  • National Gallery of Scotland, (Edinburgh), August 1 to October 19, 1986
Impressionnisme: les origines, 1859-1869 / Origins of Impressionism (April 19, 1994 to January 8, 1995) (Cat. 181)
  • Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, (Paris), April 19 to August 8, 1994
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York), September 27, 1994 to January 8, 1995
Monet und Camille: Frauenportraits im Impressionismus (October 15, 2005 to February 26, 2006) (Cat. 29)
  • Kunsthalle Bremen, October 15, 2005 to February 26, 2006
Renoir Landscapes, 1865-1883 (February 21, 2007 to January 6, 2008) (Cat. 7)
  • The National Gallery (London), February 21 to May 20, 2007
  • National Gallery of Canada, (Ottawa), June 8 to September 9, 2007
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, (Philadelphia), October 4, 2007 to January 6, 2008
Renoir. The Early Years (April 1 to August 12, 2012) (16)
  • Kunstmuseum (Basel), April 1 to August 12, 2012
Bibliography

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