A Centennial of Independence

Object Details

Title:

A Centennial of Independence

Artist/Maker(s):

Henri Rousseau (French, 1844 - 1910)

Culture:

French

Place(s):

France (Place created)

Date:

1892

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

111.8 x 158.1 cm (44 x 62 1/4 in.)

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Henri Rousseau commemorated the one-hundredth anniversary of the proclamation of the first French Republic in 1792. Peasants dance the farandole, a popular southern French dance, around three liberty trees and two female figures representing the First and Third Republics. Rousseau copied the dancers from a French magazine illustration but added waving banners, the liberty poles, and the allegorical figures. A wagon in the background is full of costumed musicians, reminiscent of parades the artist had seen. He used brilliant colors and solid forms to express the happiness of the scene symbolizing good government. To the right, the erect posture of the dignified republican leaders signals the solidity of the French Republic.

Provenance
by 1910 -

Wilhelm Uhde, 1874 - 1947 (Paris, France; Düsseldorf, Germany)

- 1912

Karl-Ernst Osthaus, 1874 - 1921 (Hagen, Germany), sold to Alfred Flechteim, 1912.

1912 -

Alfred Flechteim (Düsseldorf, Germany)

by 1921 - 1927

Edwin Suermondt (Drove, Germany)

by 1921 - 1927

and Mrs. Edwin Suermondt (Drove, Germany), upon his death, retained by Mrs. Edwin Suermondt; upon her remarriage, jointly owned with her second husband, Alex Vömel.

1927 - 1986

Mr. Alex Vömel, died 1986 (Düsseldorf, Germany)

1927 - 1986

and Mrs. Alex Vömel, formerly Mrs. Edwin Suermondt (Düsseldorf, Germany)

- 1988

Private Collection, sold through Alex Reid & Lefevre, Ltd. (Glasgow, Scotland; London, England; Zurich, Switzerland) to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988.

Exhibitions
Salon des Indépendants (8e exposition) (March 19 to April 27, 1892)
  • Pavillon de la Ville de Paris, March 19 to April 27, 1892, (Cat. 1020)
Henri Rousseau (1912)
  • Galerie Bernheim Jeune, (Paris), 1912, (Cat. 1)
International Exhibition of Modern Art (The Armory Show) (February 15 to May 19, 1913)
  • 69th Regiment Armory (New York), February 15 to March 15, 1913, (Cat. 381/358/191)
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, March 24 to April 16, 1913, (Cat. 381/358/191)
  • Copley Hall, (Boston), April 28 to May 19, 1913, (Cat. 381/358/191)
Henri Rousseau (March 1 to April 2, 1933)
  • Kunsthalle Basel, March 1 to April 2, 1933, (Cat. 11)
Les Maîtres populaires de la réalité (1937)
  • Salle Royale, (Paris), 1937, (Cat. 1)
Henri Rousseau: Jungles in Paris / Le Douanier Rousseau: Jungles à Paris (November 3, 2005 to October 15, 2006)
  • Tate Modern, (London), November 3, 2005 to February 5, 2006, (Cat. 18)
  • Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, (Paris), March 13 to June 19, 2006, (Cat. 18)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), July 16 to October 15, 2006, (Cat. 18)
Bibliography

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