Portrait of Francisco de los Cobos y Molina

Object Details

Title:

Portrait of Francisco de los Cobos y Molina

Artist/Maker:

Jan Gossaert (Netherlandish, about 1478 - 1532)

Culture:

Netherlandish

Date:

about 1530 - 1532

Medium:

Oil on panel

Dimensions:

43.8 × 33.7 cm (17 1/4 × 13 1/4 in.)

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Francesco de los Cobos y Molina, the powerful secretary and chief financial advisor to Emperor Charles V, poses in front of a swath of drapery, looking warily out at the viewer. Previously unidentified, two clues have led to Francesco's identification as the portrait's subject: the red cross emblazoned on his doublet and the gem-encrusted jewel in the shape of a scallop shell. Both are emblems of the chivalric Order of Santiago, Saint James the Greater.

As an artist to several courts, Jan Gossaert traveled widely throughout Europe and became one of the first painters to disseminate the Italian Renaissance style in the Netherlands. In this painting, Gossaert combines psychological insight, keen observation of form, and a facility for imitating surface textures to create a portrait that is both imposing and believable.

Provenance
- 1911

Prof. Odilon Lannelongue, 1840 - 1911 (Castéra-Verduzan, France), by bequest to the Musée Lannelongue, 1911.

1911 - 1986

Musée Lannelongue (Castéra-Verduzan, France), museum closed 1938; restituted to the Lannelongue heirs, 1986.

1986

Heirs of Prof. Odilon Lannelongue, 1840 - 1911 [sold, Lannelongue sale, Briscadieu, Auch-en-Gascogne, December 7, 1986, lot 108, to Edward Speelman, Ltd.]

1987 - 1988

Edward Speelman, Ltd. (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988.

Exhibitions
Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (June 17, 2003 to February 22, 2004) (163)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 17 to September 7, 2003
Faces of Power and Piety: Portraiture in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (August 12 to October 26, 2008)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), August 12 to October 26, 2008
Man, Myth, and Sensual Pleasures: Jan Gossart's Renaissance (October 5, 2010 to May 30, 2011) (Cat. 63)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York), October 5, 2010 to January 17, 2011
  • The National Gallery (London), February 23 to May 30, 2011
Bibliography

Briscadieu, Auch-en-Gascogne. Collection de Monsieur le Professeur Odilon Lannelongue (1840-1911). December 7, 1986 p. 41, no. 108, ill.

"Acquisitions/1988." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 17 (1989) p. 123, no. 30, ill.

"Principales acquisitions des musées en 1988." La Chronique des arts: supplément à la Gazette des beaux-arts, 6th ser., 113, no. 1442 (March 1989) p. 30, no. 162, ill.

Carr, Dawson W., and Mark Leonard. Looking at Paintings: A Guide to Technical Terms (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, with British Museum Press, 1992) p. 36, ill.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 55, ill.

Moreno Mendoza, Arsenio. Francisco de los Cobos y su época, exh. cat. (Madrid: Electa, 1997) cover ill.

Parker, Geoffrey. "The Political World of Charles V." In Charles V 1500-1558 and his Time. Hugo Soly ed. (Antwerp: Mercatorfonds, 1999) p. 159, ill.

Kohler, Alfred. "Persönlichkeit und Herrschaft." In Kaiser Karl V. (1500-1558): Macht und Ohnmacht Europas, exh. cat. (Bonn: Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, 2000) pp. 9-10, fig. 5.

Carlos V: las armas y las letras, exh. cat. (Granada: Hospital Real, 2000) p. 417, under no. 109, entry by Vicente Lleó Cañal.

Silva Maroto, Pilar. "Painting and Society in Spain at the Time of Charles V." In Carolus, exh. cat. (Toledo: Museo de Santa Cruz, 2000) pp. 146-47, ill.

Tessari, Cristiano. "Clientela de estado, usos artísticos y representación en la época de Carlos V." In Carlos V: las armas y las letras, exh. cat. (Granada: Hospital Real, 2000) p. 233, ill.

Van Durme, Maurice. "Les Granvelle au service des Habsbourg." In Les Granvelle et les anciens Pays-Bas, Krista De Jonge and Gustaaf Janssens, ed. (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2000) p. 48n24.

Doménech, Fernando Benito. Joan de Joanes. Un maestro del Renacimiento, exh. cat. (Madrid: Fundación Santander Central Hispano, 2000) p. 30.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001) p. 112, ill.

Tracy, James D. Emperor Charles V, Impresario of War: Campaign Strategy, International Finance, and Domestic Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002) p. 93, fig. 5.1.

Mensger, Ariane. Jan Gossaert: Die niederländische Kunst zu Beginn der Neuzeit (Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 2002) p. 19.

Southgate, Therese. The Journal of the American Medical Association 290, no. 22 (December 10, 2003) p. 2912, cover ill.

Kren, Thomas, and Scot McKendrick, eds. Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003) pp. 488-89, no. 163, entry by Mari-Tere Alvarez.

Domínguez Casas, Rafael. "Le Mécénat de Don Juan Manuel, chevalier de la Toison d'or." Revue belge d'archéologie et d'histoire de l'art 72 (2003) p. 69.

Falomir, Miguel. "The Origin of Portrait Painting in Spain: From the Absence of Specialists to the Large Workshop." In The Spanish Portrait: From El Greco to Picasso, exh. cat. Javier Portús, ed. (Madrid: Museo Nacional del Prado, with Scala, 2004) pp. 77-78, 83n70, fig. 35.

Zuffi, Stefano. European Art of the Sixteenth Century. Antony Shugaar, trans. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2006) p. 321, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007) pp. 92-93, ill.

Sassu, Giovanni. Il ferro e l'oro: Carlo V a Bologna (1529-30) (Bologna: Editrice Compositori, 2007) pp. 122-23, 155n58, fig. 69.

Griffiths, John. "'Hidalgo', Merchant, Poet, Priest: The Vihuela in the Urban Soundscape." Early Music 37, no. 3 (August 2009) pp. 356-57, fig. 1.

Banner, Lisa A. The Religious Patronage of the Duke of Lerma, 1598-1621 (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009) pp. 56-57, fig. 2.2.

Montes Bardo, Joaquín. El solar del privado: Diálogos humanistas en la Úbeda del Renacimiento (Jaén: Universidad de Jaén, 2010) p. 82, fig. 26, cover ill.

Ainsworth, Maryan W., ed. Man, Myth, and Sensual Pleasures: Jan Gossart's Renaissance: The Complete Works, exh. cat. (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, with Yale University Press, 2010) pp. 242, under no. 38; 252, under no. 42; 258, under no. 45; 268, under no. 49; 292, under no. 58; 300-302, no. 63, ill., entries by Maryan W. Ainsworth; 430, app. by Peter Klein.