The J. Paul Getty Museum

Meeting of King Ferdinand of Hungary and the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Spain at Nördlingen

Object Details

Title:

Meeting of King Ferdinand of Hungary and the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Spain at Nördlingen

Artist/Maker:

Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, 1577 - 1640)

Culture:

Flemish

Date:

1635

Medium:

Oil on panel

Object Number:

87.PB.15

Dimensions:

49.1 × 69.8 cm (19 5/16 × 27 1/2 in.)

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Object Description

Separated into two zones with allegorical figures in the foreground and historical figures in the background, Peter Paul Rubens here commemorated the meeting of King Ferdinand III of Hungary and the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand at Nördlingen on the Danube River on September 2, 1634. Four days later, the two Catholic rulers would combine their armies to win an important victory over Protestant forces. At the upper right, the Cardinal-Infante solemnly greets his cousin Ferdinand.

Rubens made this freely drawn oil sketch as a modello for the right panel of the great Stage of Welcome, a monumental canvas that decorated a triumphal arch erected for the ceremonial entry into Antwerp of the newly appointed governor of the southern Netherlands, the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Spain.

In the foreground, allegorical figures comment on the significance of the event. At the left a naiad or water nymph rests her arm on the personification of the River Danube, who sits on a urn flowing with blood and water while extending his left arm in a gesture of welcome. Kneeling at the right, the figure of Germania, dressed in black, rests her head on her hand. She gazes mournfully at the viewer while a winged genius draws her attention to the meeting behind her.

Provenance
Provenance
-

Private Collection (or Private Dealer) (London, England)

by 1823 - 1838

Sir Abraham Hume, second Bart., 1749 - 1838 (London, England; Wormley Bury, Hertford, England), by inheritance to his son-in-law, John Hume Egerton, 1838.
Source: A Descriptive Catalogue of a Collection of Pictures Belonging to Sir Abraham Hume (London: W. Nicol, 1824), no. 96; A Catalogue of Pictures [...] (London: British Institution exhibition, 1823), no. 119.

1838 - 1851

John Hume Egerton, 2nd viscount of Alford, 1812 - 1851 (Belton House, Lincoln, England; Ashridge Park, Hertford, England), by inheritance to his son, John William Spencer Egerton-Cust, 1851.

1851 - 1867

John William Spencer Egerton-Cust, 2nd earl Brownlow, 1842 - 1867 (Belton House, Lincoln, England; Ashridge Park, Hertford, England), by inheritance to his brother, Adelbert Wellington Brownlow, 1867.

1867 - 1923

Adelbert Wellington Brownlow-Cust, 3rd earl Brownlow, 1844 - 1921 (Belton House, Lincoln, England; Ashridge Park, Hertford, England) [sold, Brownlow sale, Christie's, London, May 4, 1923, lot 122, to H.M. Clark and Colnaghi.]

1923 - 1924

H. M. Clark (London, England) and Colnaghi (London, England), sold, 1924.
Source: GRI, Colnaghi Records, Old Master Paintings Stock, no. A1153.

- 1932

Martin Sternberg [sold, Sternberg sale, Muller & Cie, Amsterdam, October 25, 1932, lot 513.]

by 1937 -

Siegfried Kramarsky, 1893 - 1961 (Amsterdam, The Netherlands; New York, New York), by inheritance to his daughter, Sonja Binkhorst-Kramarsky.

by 1953 - 1987

Dr. Sonja Binkhorst, 1919 - 2013 (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1987.
Source: Olieverfschetsen van Rubens, exh. cat. (Rotterdam: Museum Boymans, 1953), no. 95.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Pictures by Sir Joshua Reynolds, with a Selection from the Italian, Spanish, Flemish, and Dutch Schools..., (1823)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1823
Rubenstentoonstelling (August to September 1933)
  • Goudstikker Gallery (Amsterdam), 1933
Esquisses de Rubens (August to September 1937)
Meesterwerken uit vier eeuwen 1400 - 1800 (June 25 to October 15, 1938)
  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam), June 25 to October 15, 1938
Peter Paul Rubens (November 23 to December 19, 1942)
  • Schaeffer and Brandt, Inc. (New York), November 23 to December 19, 1942
A Loan Exhibition of Rubens (February 20 to March 31, 1951)
  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York), February 1 to March 1, 1951
Olieverfschetsen van Rubens (December 19, 1953 to February 14, 1954)
  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam), December 19, 1953 to February 14, 1954
Man and His Years (October 19 to November 21, 1954)
  • The Baltimore Museum of Art (Baltimore), October 19 to November 21, 1954
Drawings and Oil Sketches by P.P. Rubens from American Collections (January 14 to April 28, 1956)
  • Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University (Cambridge), January 14 to February 29, 1956
Masters of the Loaded Brush (April 4 to April 29, 1967)
  • Knoedler & Company (New York), April 4 to April 29, 1967
Gods and Heroes (October 30, 1968 to January 4, 1969)
  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York), October 30, 1968 to January 4, 1969
Rubenism (January 30 to February 23, 1975)
  • David Winton Bell Gallery, Brown University (Providence), January 30 to February 23, 1975
Spectacular Rubens: The Triumph of the Eucharist (March 25, 2014 to May 10, 2015)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 14, 2014 to January 11, 2015
Bibliography
Bibliography

Gevaerts (Gevartius), Jan Casper. Pompa Introitus honori Serenissimi Principis Ferdinandi Austriaci Hispaniarum Infantis S.R.E. Card. Belgarum et Burgundionum Gubernatoris (Antwerp: 1642; reprint. as The Magnificent Ceremonial Entry into Antwerp of His Royal Higness Ferdinand of Austria [...] New York: Benjamin Blom, 1971), pp. 17-18.

A Catalogue of Pictures by Sir Joshua Reynolds with a selection from the Italian, Spanish, Flemish and Dutch Schools, exh. cat. (London: British Institution, 1823), p. 18, no. 119.

A Descriptive Catalogue of a Collection of Pictures Belonging to Sir Abraham Hume (London: W. Nicol, 1824), pp. v, 32, no. 96.

An Account of All the Pictures Exhibited in the Rooms of the British Institution, from 1813 to 1823 [...] (London: Priestly and Weale, 1824), p. 148, no. 61.

Smith, John. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters [...]. 9 vols. (London: Smith and Son, 1829-42), vol. 2 (1830), p. 90, under no. 288.

Rooses, Max. L'Oeuvre de P. P. Rubens: Histoire et description de ses tableaux et dessins. 5 vols. (Antwerp: Jos. Maes, 1886-92), vol. 3 (1890), p. 298, under no. 775.

Graves, Algernon. A Century of Loan Exhibitions, 1813-1912. 5 vols. (London: Algernon Graves, 1913-15), vol. 3 (1914), p. 1160.

Christie's, London. Catalogue of Important Pictures by Old Masters Removed from Ashridge, Berkhamsted [...] Adelbert Wellington, 3rd Earl Brownlow, Also Pictures by Old Masters Removed from 8 Carlton House Terrace [...] Adelbert Salusbury, Lord Brownlow. May 4 and 7, 1923, p. 32, lot 22.

Muller & Cie, Amsterdam. Collection Martin Sternberg: Tableaux anciens-antiquities boites en or ciselees et gravees. October 25, 1932, p. 4, lot 513.

Catalogus der Rubens-Tentoonstelling ten bate van de Vereeniging "Rembrandt," exh. cat. (Amsterdam: Kunsthandel J. Goudstikker, 1933), unpaginated, no. 40, fig. 40.

Glück, Gustav. "Rubens" In Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler. Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker, eds. (Leipzig: E. A. Seeman, 1907-50), vol. 29 (1935), p. 143.

Catalogue de l'exposition esquisses de Rubens, exh. cat. (Brussels: Museées royaux des beaux-arts de Belgique, with Editions de la connaissance, 1937), unpaginated, no. 90.

Meesterwerken uit vier eeuwen 1400-1800: Tentoonstelling van schilderijen en teekeningen uit particuliere verzamelingen in Nederland, exh. cat. (Rotterdam: Museum Boymans, 1938), p. 112, fig. 176.

van Puyvelde, Leo. Les Esquisses de Rubens (Basel: Les Éditions Holbein, 1940), pp. 38, 56-57, no. 2.

Evers, Hans Gerhard. Peter Paul Rubens (Munich: F. Bruckmann, 1942), p. 368.

Nash, Lili M., ed. Peter Paul Rubens, Loan Exhibition for the Benefit of the United Hospital Fund of New York, exh. cat. (New York: Schaeffer & Brandt, Inc., 1942), unpaginated, no. 24.

Goris, Jan Albert, and Julius Held. Rubens in America (New York: Pantheon, 1947), p. 40, no. 88.

van Puyvelde, Leo. The Sketches of Rubens. Eveline Winkworth, trans. (London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1947), p. 40, no. 2.

van Puyvelde, Leo. Les Esquisses de Rubens. 2nd ed. (Basel: Les Éditions Holbein, 1948), pp. 38, 57, no. 2.

A Loan Exhibition of Rubens under the High Patronage of His Excellency Baron Robert Silvercruys [...], exh. cat. (New York: Wildenstein, 1951), pp. 25, 51, no. 29, ill.

Jaffé, Michael. "Rubens Sketching in Paint." Art News 52, no. 3 (May 1953), pp. 65, 67.

Olieverfschetsen van Rubens, exh. cat. (Rotterdam: Museum Boymans, 1953), p. 101, no. 95.

Man and His Years, exh. cat. (Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of Art, 1954), p. 33, no. 80.

Drawings and Oil Sketches by P. P. Rubens from American Collections, exh. cat. (Cambridge and New York: Fogg Art Museum and Pierpont Morgan Library, 1956), pp. 38-39, no. 44.

van Puyvelde, Leo. "De Blijde Intrede van Ferdinand von Oostenrijk te Antwerpen in 1635 en Rubens' Tussenkomst." Standen en Landen 16 (1958), p. 25.

Jaffé, Michael. "Rubens, Peter Paul." In McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Art (London: McGraw-Hill, 1959-87), vol. 12 (1966), pp. 596-597.

Masters of the Loaded Brush: Oil Sketches from Rubens to Tiepolo, exh. cat. (New York: Knoedler and Company, 1967), pp. 68-69, no. 50.

Gods & Heroes: Baroque Images of Antiquity, exh. cat. (New York: Wildenstein, 1968), unpaginated, no. 47.

Martin, John Rupert. The Decorations for the Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi, Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard, Part 16 (London and New York: Phaidon, 1972), pp. 30, 62-64, cat. 4a, fig. 14.

Baumstark, Reinhold. Review of The Decorations for the Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi, by John Rupert Martin. Kunstchronik 26 (1973), p. 177.

Freedberg, David. Review of The Decorations for the Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi, by John Rupert Martin. Burlington Magazine 116, no. 858 (September 1974), p. 545.

Rubenism, exh. cat. (Providence: Brown University, with Rhode Island School of Design, 1975), pp. 40-41, no. 7, entry by K.A.R.

Demus, Klaus, et al., eds. Peter Paul Rubens, 1577-1640: Austellung zur 400. Wiederkehr seines Geburstages, exh. cat. (Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum, 1977), p. 121, fig. 24, under no. 49.

Held, Julius. The Oil Sketches of Peter Paul Rubens--A Critical Catalogue. 2 vols. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980), vol. 1, pp. 228-29, no. 147.

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"Acquisitions/1987." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 16 (1988), p. 156-57, no. 22.

Jaffé, Michael. Rubens: Catalogo completo. Germano Mulazzani, trans. (Milan: Rizzoli, 1989), p. 338, no. 1118.

Hall, Nicholas H. J., ed. Colnaghi in America: A Survey to Commemorate the First Decade of Colnaghi New York (New York: Colnaghi, 1992), p. 130.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 113, ill.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 110, ill.

Maierhofer, Waltraud. Hexen Huren Heldenweiber: Bilder des Weiblichen in Erzähltexten über den Dreissigjahrigen Krieg (Cologne and Vienna: Böhlau, 2005), pp. 48-49, fig. 4.

Woollett, Anne T. "The Burden of Invention: Rubens and the Stage of Welcome." In Art, Music, and Spectacle in the Age of Rubens: The Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi. Anna C. Camp and Michael C. J. Putnam, eds. (Turnhout: Harvey Miller Publishers, 2013), pp. 232-35, 238, fig. 7.