Meeting of King Ferdinand of Hungary and the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Spain at Nördlingen

Object Details

Title:

Meeting of King Ferdinand of Hungary and the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Spain at Nördlingen

Artist/Maker:

Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, 1577 - 1640)

Culture:

Flemish

Date:

1635

Medium:

Oil on panel

Object Number:

87.PB.15

Dimensions:

49.1 × 69.8 cm (19 5/16 × 27 1/2 in.)

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Separated into two zones with allegorical figures in the foreground and historical figures in the background, Peter Paul Rubens here commemorated the meeting of King Ferdinand III of Hungary and the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand at Nördlingen on the Danube River on September 2, 1634. Four days later, the two Catholic rulers would combine their armies to win an important victory over Protestant forces. At the upper right, the Cardinal-Infante solemnly greets his cousin Ferdinand.

Rubens made this freely drawn oil sketch as a modello for the right panel of the great Stage of Welcome, a monumental canvas that decorated a triumphal arch erected for the ceremonial entry into Antwerp of the newly appointed governor of the southern Netherlands, the Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Spain.

In the foreground, allegorical figures comment on the significance of the event. At the left a naiad or water nymph rests her arm on the personification of the River Danube, who sits on a urn flowing with blood and water while extending his left arm in a gesture of welcome. Kneeling at the right, the figure of Germania, dressed in black, rests her head on her hand. She gazes mournfully at the viewer while a winged genius draws her attention to the meeting behind her.

Provenance
-

Private Collection (or Private Dealer) (London, England)
Source: A Descriptive Catalogue of a Collection of Pictures ... belonging to Sir Abraham Hume, 1824, no. 96.

by 1823 - 1838

Sir Abraham Hume, second Bart., 1749 - 1838 (London, England; Wormley Bury, Hertford, England), by inheritance to his son-in-law, John Hume Egerton, 1838.
Source: British Institution exhibition (1823) as Hume Collection.

1838 - 1851

John Hume Egerton, second viscount of Alford, 1812 - 1851 (Belton House, Lincoln, England; Ashridge Park, Hertford, England), by inheritance to his son, John William Spencer Egerton-Cust, 1851.

1851 - 1867

John William Spencer Egerton-Cust, second earl Brownlow, 1842 - 1867 (Belton House, Lincoln, England; Ashridge Park, Hertford, England), by inheritance to his brother, Adelbert Wellington Brownlow, 1867.

1867 - 1923

Adelbert Wellington Brownlow-Cust, third earl Brownlow, 1844 - 1921 (Belton House, Lincoln, England; Ashridge Park, Hertford, England) [sold, Brownlow sale, Christie's, London, May 4, 1923, lot 122, to H.M. Clark and Colnaghi.]

1923 - 1924

H. M. Clark (London, England)

1923 - 1924

and Colnaghi (London, England), sold, 1924.
Source: Colnaghi stockbook no. A 1153.

- 1932

Martin Sternberg [sold, Sternberg sale, Muller, Amsterdam, October 25, 1932, lot 513.]

by 1937 -

Siegfried Kramarsky (Amsterdam, The Netherlands; New York, New York), by inheritance to his daughter, Sonja Binkhorst-Kramarsky.

by 1953 - 1987

Dr. Sonja Binkhorst (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1987.
Source: Exhibition Rotterdam (1953).

Exhibitions
Pictures by Sir Joshua Reynolds, with a Selection from the Italian, Spanish, Flemish, and Dutch Schools..., (1823)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1823
Rubenstentoonstelling (1933) (ill.)
  • Goudstikker Gallery (Amsterdam), 1933
Esquisses de Rubens (1937)
  • Unknown, 1937
Meesterwerken uit vier eeuwen 1400 - 1800 (June 25 to October 15, 1938)
  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam), June 25 to October 15, 1938
Peter Paul Rubens (1942)
  • Schaeffer and Brandt, Inc. (New York), 1942
A Loan Exhibition of Rubens (February 20 to March 31, 1951) (Ill.)
  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York), February 1 to March 1, 1951
Olieverfschetsen van Rubens (July 1, 1953 to December 1, 1954) (ill.)
  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam), July 1, 1953 to December 1, 1954
Man and His Years (October 1 to November 1, 1954) (ill.)
  • The Baltimore Museum of Art (Baltimore), October 1 to November 1, 1954
Drawings and Oil Sketches by P.P. Rubens from American Collections (1956) (ill.)
  • Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University (Cambridge), 1956
Masters of the Loaded Brush (April 4 to April 29, 1967) (ill.)
  • Knoedler & Company (New York), April 4 to April 29, 1967
Gods and Heroes (1968 to 1969) (ill.)
  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York), 1968 to 1969
Rubenism (1975) (pp. 40 - 41, ill.)
  • David Winton Bell Gallery, Brown University (Providence), 1975
Spectacular Rubens: The Triumph of the Eucharist (March 25, 2014 to May 10, 2015)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 14, 2014 to January 11, 2015
Bibliography

Gevaerts (Gevartius), Jan Casper. Pompa Introitus honori Serenissimi Principis Ferdinandi Austriaci Hispaniarum Infantis S.R.E. Card. Belgarum et Burgundionum Gubernatoris (Antwerp: 1641-1642) [reprinted as The Magnificent Ceremonial Entry into Antwerp of His Royal Higness Ferdinand of Austria... (New York: 1971)], pp. 17-18.

Smith, John. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters [...]. 9 vols. (London: Smith and Son, 1829-42), vol. 2 (1830), p. 90, under no. 288.

Rooses, Max.L'Oeuvre de P. P. Rubens: Histoire et description des ses tableaux et dessins. 5 vols. (Antwerp: Jos. Maes, 1886-92), vol. 3 (1890), p. 298, under no. 775.

Glück, Gustav. in Thieme-Becker, Allegemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler..., vol. 29 (Leipzig: 1935), p. 143.

van Puyvelde, Leo. Les Esquisses de Rubens (Basel: 1940; 2nd ed., Basel: 1948), pp. 38, 57. English ed. (London: 1947), p. 40, no. 2.

Evers, Hans Gerhard. Peter Paul Rubens. (Munich: 1942), p. 368.

Goris, Jan Albert and Julius Held. Rubens in America (New York: 1947), p. 40, no. 88.

Jaffé, Michael. "Rubens Sketching in Paint," Art News 52 (May 1953), pp. 65, 67.

van Puyvelde, Leo. "De Blijde Intrede van Ferdinand von Oostenrijk te Antwerpen in 1635 en Rubens' Tussenkomst." Standen en Landen 16 (1958), p. 25.

Jaffé, Michael. in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Art, vol. 12 (London: 1966), pp. 596-597.

Martin, John Rupert. The Decorations for the Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi, Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard, Part 16 (London and New York: 1972), pp. 30, 62-64, cat. 4a, fig. 14.

Baumstark, Reinhold. "Review of Martin, Corpus Rubenianum, Part 16." Kunstchronik, 26. (1973), p. 177.

Freedberg, David. "Review of Martin, Corpus Rubenianum, Part 16." Burlington Magazine 116 (September 1974), p. 545.

Demus, Klaus, et al. Peter Paul Rubens, 1577-1640: Austellung zur 400. Wiederkehr seines Geburstages, exh. cat. (Vienna: Kunsthistorisches Museum, 1977), p. 121, fig. 24, under no. 49.

Held, Julius. The Oil Sketches of Peter Paul Rubens--A Critical Catalogue. 2 vols. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980), vol. 1, vol. 1, pp. 228-29, no. 147; vol. 2, pl. 157.

"Principales acquisitions des musées en 1987." La chronique des arts: Supplément à la Gazette des beaux-arts, 6th ser., 111, no. 1430 (March 1988), p. 65.

"Acquisitions/1987." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 16 (1988), p. 157, no. 22.

Jaffé, Michael. Rubens: catalogo completo, trans. Germano Mulazzani(Milan: 1989), p. 338, no. 1118.

Hall, Nicholas H. J., ed. Colnaghi in America: A Survey to Commemorate the First Decade of Colnaghi New York (New York: Colnaghi, 1992), p. 130.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 110, ill.

Maierhofer, Waltraud. Hexen Huren Heldenweiber: Bilder des Weiblichen in Erzähltexten über den Dreissigjahrigen Krieg (Cologne, Weimar and Vienna: Böhlau, 2005), fig. 4, fig. 4.

Woollett, Anne T. "The Burden of Invention: Rubens and the Stage of Welcome." In Art, Music, and Spectacle in the Age of Rubens: The Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi. Anna C. Camp and Michael C. J. Putnam, eds. (Turnhout: Harvey Miller Publishers, 2013), pp. 232-35, 238, fig. 7.

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