Antoine Singlin

Object Details

Title:

Antoine Singlin

Artist/Maker:

Philippe de Champaigne (French, born Belgium, 1602 - 1674)

Culture:

French

Date:

about 1646

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

79.1 x 65.1 cm (31 1/8 x 25 5/8 in.)

See more

See less

Antoine Singlin fixes the viewer with a steady, piercing gaze. Before his excommunication in 1661, Singlin served as confessor both to Louis XIV, King of France and the philosopher Blaise Pascal. He was also director of Royal-des-Champs and Port-Royal-de-Paris, convents at the center of the severely ascetic religious movement known as Jansenism.

This psychologically penetrating study captures the fierce personality of the man and his austere beliefs. Philippe de Champaigne placed Singlin in half-length format against a neutral background, leaving the viewer little choice but to meet Singlin's direct stare.

Provenance
about 1646 - 1709

Port-Royal-des-Champs (Paris, France)

1709 -

Holleaux Family, by inheritance to Jean Marc Holleaux.

- 1987

Jean Marc Holleaux (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1987.

Exhibitions
Philippe de Champaigne (January 1 to May 22, 1952) (Cat. 22)
  • Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris), January 1 to April 1, 1952
  • Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Gand), April 10 to May 22, 1952
Blaise Pascal: 1623-1662 (1962) (Cat. 317)
  • Bibliothèque nationale de France (Paris), 1962
Philippe de Champaigne et Port-Royal (April 29 to August 28, 1995) (Cat. 16)
  • Musée National des Granges de Port-Royal (Magny-les Hameaux), April 29 to August 28, 1995
Bibliography

Gazier, Augustin. Philippe et Jean-Baptiste de Champaigne (Paris: L. Allison et Cie, 1893) p. 44.

Gazier, Augustin and André Hallays. Port-Royal au XVIIe siècle: Images & portraits, avec des notes historiques et iconographiques (Paris: Hachette, 1909) p. 19, no. 43.

Meunier, Mme Stanislas. Philippe de Champaigne (Paris: Nilsson, 1924) pp. 71-72.

Courthion, Pierre. "Les portraits de Philippe Champaigne." L'Art et les Artistes 14 no. 70 (October 1926) p. 4, ill.

Rosenberg, Ruth. Zur künstlerischen Entwicklung des Philippe de Champaigne, Inaugural Dissertation, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Berlin: Paul Brandel, 1929) p. 18.

Lavalleye, Jacques. "Philippe de Champaigne et l'esthétique janséniste," in Miscellanea historica in honorem Alberti de Meyer (Louvain and Brussels: Universiteits bibliotheek, 1946) p. 1094.

Mabille de Poncheville, A. Philippe de Champaigne, sa vie et son oeuvre. (Brussels and Courtrai: Edition des 'Humanités,' 1952) pp. 60, 131.

Roger- Marx, Claude. "Philippe de Champaigne ou la vie du silence." Le Figaro littéraire, February 9, 1952 p. 9, ill.

Mouton, Jean. Suite à la peinture. (Paris: Falaize, 1952) p. 149.

Orcibal, Jean. "Les Frontispieces gravés des Champaigne," Bulletin de la Société des Amis de Port-Royal 3 (1952) p. 20.

Dorival, Bernard. Philippe de Champaigne, exh. cat. (Paris: Editions des musées nationaux, 1952) p. 54, no. 22.

Boinet, Amédée. "Philippe de Champaigne." The Connoisseur Yearbook 4 (1954) p. 108.

Dorival, Bernard, "Recherches sur l'iconographie de Pascal: le prétendu portrait de Philippe de Champaigne," La Revue des arts, 6th year, no. 3 (October 1956) pp. 168, 177.

Maugis, Marie-Thérèse. "Philippe de Champaigne et Port-Royal." Le Jardin des arts 36 (October 1957) pp. 766-67, ill.

Dorival, Bernard. Philippe de Champaigne et Port-Royal, exh. cat. (Paris: Editions des Musées nationaux, 1957) p. 67, no. 66.

Bibliothèque nationale de France. Blaise Pascale: 1623-1662, exh. cat. (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1963) p. 54, no. 317.

Boinet, Amédée, Les Églises parisiennes. 3 vols. (Paris: Editions de minuit, 1958-1964), vol. 2 (1962) p. 287.

Dorival, Bernard. Le Musée national des Granges de Port-Royal (Paris: Editions des musées nationaux, 1963) p. 62.

Dorival, Bernard, "Recherches sur l'iconographie de la mere Angélique au XVIIe siècle," Chroniques de Port-Royal 5 (1963) p. 425.

Dorival, Bernard. "Recherches sur les portraits gravés aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles d'après Philippe de Champaigne." Gazette des beaux-arts 112, no. 75. (May-June 1970) pp. 275, 316.

Dorival, Bernard. Philippe de Champaigne. 2 vols. (Paris: Léonce Laget, 1976) vol. 1, pp. 55, 101, 113, 131, 133, 161; vol. 2, pp. 124, 441, no. 217, ill.

Dorival, Bernard. Album Pascal: iconographie réunie et commentée (Paris: Gallimard, 1978) pp. 88-89, fig. 134.

Blaes, Paul Arnold. "Philippe de Champaigne and Port-Royal." M.A. diss. (University of Missouri-Kansas City, 1981) pp. 46, 217, 219-20, fig. 76.

"Acquisitions/1987." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 16 (1988) pp. 157-58, no. 23.

Dorival, Bernard. Supplément au catalogue raisonné de l'oeuvre de Philippe de Champaigne (Paris: Léonce Laget, 1992) p. 120, no. 20, ill.

Chastel, André, "L'Oeuvre de Philippe de Champaigne." (Le Monde, February 8, 1952) Repr. in Chastel, Le Présent des oeuvres (Paris: Editions de Fallois, 1994) p. 248.

Lesné, Claude et al. Philippe de Champaigne et Port-Royal, exh. cat. (Paris: Editions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 1995) pp. 95-97, no. 16, ill.

Bugnion-Secretan, Perle. Mère Agnès, Abesse de Port Royal. (Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1996) ill. 7.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 26, ill.

Penelope Hunter-Stiebel, ed. The Triumph of French Painting: 17th Century Masterpieces from the Museums of FRAME, exh. cat. (Portland: Portland Art Museum, 2003) p. 34.

Singlin, Antoine. Lettres d'Antoine Singlin, ed. Anne-Claire Josse (Paris: Nolin, 2004) pp. 144-45, cover ill.