The J. Paul Getty Museum

A Hermit Praying in the Ruins of a Roman Temple

Object Details


A Hermit Praying in the Ruins of a Roman Temple


Hubert Robert (French, 1733 - 1808)




about 1760


Oil on canvas

Object Number:



57.8 × 70.5 cm (22 3/4 × 27 3/4 in.)

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Object Description

In the crumbling remains of a Roman temple, a monk prays at the foot of an altar. Absorbed in his devotions, he is unaware of three young women sneaking inside to steal flowers from a makeshift shrine. Above this trio, a woman on a ladder leans over a low wall and, with a long branch, taunts the praying hermit.

Placed on the stone altar are a crucifix, books, an open Bible, an hourglass, a skull, and a rosary. The skull and hourglass, common symbols of the temporality of man and his creations, suggest that the building itself represents fallen greatness. Hubert Robert emphasizes the ruins' immensity by contrasting the small figures with the structure's massive columns. In the left foreground, a column shrouded in darkness runs nearly the full height of the composition. Birds roosting in the upper reaches of the lofty barrel vault reinforce the impression of the monument's vast dimensions.

This small cabinet picture is one of several versions of the subject depicted by Robert beginning in the 1760s. In each of them, a monk prays beside a brick wall that has been built within the arcades of a Roman ruin. For this imaginary basilica, Robert likely drew inspiration from a contemporary print by Giovanni Battista Piranesi.

- 1776

Louis-François de Bourbon, prince de Conti, 1717 - 1776 (Paris, France), upon his death, held in trust by the estate.

1776 - 1777

Estate of Louis-François de Bourbon, prince de Conti, 1717 - 1776 [sold, Conti sale, Rémy, Paris, April 8, 1777, lot 752, to "Desmarets".]

1777 -

Desmarest, French, (Paris, France)
Source: annotated RKD copy of Conti sale, April 8, 1777.

- 1845

Prince Pyotr Ivanovitch Tufialkin, died 1845 (Paris, France) [sold, Tufialkin sale, Bonnefons, Paris, May 2, 1845, lot 65.]

- 1892

Private Collection (Paris, France) [sold, Chevallier, Paris, March 25, 1892, lot 53.]


Georges Berger (Paris, France)

- 1928

Private Collection [sold, Paris, March 20, 1928, lot 53, possibly to Wildenstein & Co.]

1928 - 1986

Wildenstein & Co. (New York) (London, England; New York, New York; Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exposition des paysagistes vénitiens et français des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles (June 5 to July 5, 1928)
  • Galerie d'Art Sambon (Paris), June 5 to July 5, 1928
Exposition Hubert Robert (1933)
  • Musée de l'Orangerie (Paris), 1933
Hubert Robert: The Pleasures of Ruins (November 15 to December 16, 1988)
  • Wildenstein & Co. (New York), November 15 to December 16, 1988
Dreaming of Italy (March 11 to June 25, 2006)
  • Mauritshuis (The Hague), March 11 to June 25, 2006
Hubert Robert, 1733-1808 (March 10 to October 2, 2016)
  • Musée du Louvre (Paris), March 10 to May 23, 2016
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), June 26 to October 2, 2016

Pierre Rémy, Paris. Catalogue d'une riche collection de tableaux [...] de Monseigneur le Prince de Conty. April 8, 1777, p. 227, lot 752.

Bonnefons de Lavialle, Paris. Catalogue de tableaux anciens et modernes [...] composant le cabinet de M. le Prince Tufialkin. May 2 and 5, 1845, p. 10, lot 65.

Sedelmeyer, Paris. Catalogue de tableaux anciens et modernes [...] provenant de collections particulières. March 25, 1892, p. 52, lot 53.

Nolhac, Pierre de. Hubert Robert (Paris: Manzi, Joyant & Cie, 1910), p. 98.

Sambon, Arthur, ed. Exposition des paysagistes vénitiens et français des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles (dans leur cadre respectif), exh. cat. (Paris: Galerie d'art Sambon, 1928), p. 23, no. 72, ill.

Sterling, Charles, et al, eds. Exposition Hubert Robert, à l'occasion du deuxième centenaire de sa naissance (Paris: Musée de l'Orangerie, 1933), pp. 33-34, no. 2, entry by Charles Sterling.

Isarlo, George. "Hubert Robert." Connaissance des Arts 18 (August 15, 1953), p. 28.

Burda, Hubert. Die Ruine in den Bildern Hubert Roberts (Munich: W. Fink, 1967), pp. 80n359, 165, fig. 94.

Beau, Marguerite. La collection des dessins d'Hubert Robert au Musée de Valence (Lyon: Audin, 1968), unpaginated, under no. 76.

Corboz, André. Peinture militante et architecture révolutionnaire: À propos du thème du tunnel chez Hubert Robert (Basel: Birkhäuser, 1978), p. 16, ill.

Cayeux, Jean de. Les Hubert Robert de la collection Veyrenc au Musée de Valence (Valence: Musée de Valence, 1985), p. 186, under no. 44.

Carlson, Victor. "A Roman Masterpiece by Hubert Robert: A Hermit Praying in the Ruins of a Roman Temple." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), pp. 117-24.

"Principales acquisitions des musées en 1986." La Chronique des Arts: Supplément à la Gazette des Beaux-Arts 109, no. 1418 (March 1987), p. 23, no. 141, ill.

Bernier, Georges, ed. Hubert Robert: The Pleasure of Ruins, exh. cat. (New York: Wildenstein and Co., 1988), pp. 13, 18, 82-83, no. 35, ill.

Boulot, Catherine, Jean de Cayeux, and Hélène Moulin, eds. Hubert Robert et la Révolution, exh. cat. (Valence: Musée de Valence, 1989), p. 136, under no. 44.

Salz, Alan, ed. French Paintings and Drawings 1700-1865, exh. cat. (Paris: Didier Aaron, 1990), unpaginated, under no. 6, ill.

Kostenevich, Albert G., et al, eds. From Poussin to Matisse: The Russian Taste for French Painting, exh. cat. (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1990), p. 73, under no. 17.

Boulot, Catherine, and Jean-Pierre Cuzin, eds. J. H. Fragonard e H. Robert a Roma, exh. cat. (Rome: Villa Medici, with Fratelli Palombi Editori, 1990), pp. 107-8, no. 56.

Sotheby's, New York. Old Master Paintings. January 10, 1991, unpaginated, under lot 80.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 108, ill.

Baillio, Joseph. A Hermit in a Garden by Hubert Robert (1733-1808): A New Acquisition for the Speed Art Museum (Louisville: Speed Art Museum, 2001), pp. 18-19, ill.

Sotheby's, New York. Revolution in Art. January 24, 2002, p. 29, under lot 61.

Os, Henk van, ed. Dreaming of Italy, exh. cat. (The Hague: Mauritshuis, 2006), pp. 74-76, 126, no. 35, ill.

Faroult, Guillaume, ed. Hubert Robert, 1733-1808: Un peintre visionnaire, exh. cat. (Paris: Musée du Louvre, with Somogy éditions d'art, 2016), pp. 204-5, no. 44, ill., entry by Yuriko Jackall.

Cohn, Danièle. "Un paysagiste préromantique?" Dossier de L'Art 237 (2016), pp. 22-31, ill.

Grasselli, Margaret Morgan, and Yuriko Jackall, eds. Hubert Robert, exh. cat. (Washington, D. C.: National Gallery of Art, with Lund Humphries, 2016), pp. 97, 204, no.11, ill., entry by Yuriko Jackall.