Bridge with a Sluice

Object Details

Title:

Bridge with a Sluice

Artist/Maker(s):

Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, 1628/1629 - 1682)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

about 1648 - 1649

Medium:

Oil on panel

Dimensions:

39.7 x 56.2 cm (15 5/8 x 22 1/8 in.)

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Bathed in sunlight breaking through the clouds, a rustic sluice, used to regulate water levels and irrigate farmland, sits above a background of productive pastureland. Jacob van Ruisdael, one of the great Dutch landscape painters of the 1600s, explored a range of landscape motifs in his work, including forest scenes, seascapes, beach scenes, and panoramic landscapes. In Bridge with a Sluice, Ruisdael made an ordinary object monumental by making it larger than all the other elements in the painting, thereby calling attention to its use and placement in the countryside. The diagonal movement of the rugged road at the left draws the eye up toward the sluice and then down to the land below. A single figure populates the scene, but the sluice symbolizes the human presence in nature and human attempts to control it.

Provenance
- 1744

Gerard Block (The Hague, The Netherlands) [sold, Verheyden, The Hague, February 25, 1744, lot 6, to Willem Lormier.]

1744 - 1763

Willem Lormier, 1682 - 1758 (The Hague, The Netherlands; Rotterdam, The Netherlands) [sold, Lormier sale, Francken, The Hague, July 4, 1763, lot 225, to Balden.]

1763 -

Balden

about 1770 - 1772

Étienne-François, duc de Choiseul-Stainville, 1719 - 1785 (Paris, France; Château de Chanteloup, France) [sold, Choiseul sale, Boileau, Paris, April 6, 1772, lot 66, to Letellier.]

1772 -

Letellier

- 1776

Louis-François de Bourbon, Prince de Conti, 1717 - 1776 (Paris, France), upon his death, held in trust by the estate.

1776 - 1777

Estate of Louis-François de Bourbon, Prince de Conti, 1717 - 1776 [sold, Conti sale, Rémy, Paris, April 8, 1777, lot 406, to the Count of Ossieu.]

1777 -

Count of Ossieu, bought at Conti sale.

- 1784

Charles-Louis de Beauchamp, comte de Merle, 1723 - 1793

- 1786

Morelli [sold, Morelli sale, Lebrun, Paris, May 3, 1786, lot 54, to Lebrun.]

1786 - 1791

Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun, 1748 - 1813 [sold, Lebrun, Paris, April 11, 1791, lot 52.]

- 1865

Guillaume Thierry Arnaud Marie, baron of Brienen de Groote Lindt (The Hague, The Netherlands) [sold, Brienen de Groote Lindt sale, Pillet, Paris, May 9, 1865, lot 32, to van Cuyck.]

1865 -

van Cuyck

- 1889

Eugène Secrétan, 1836 - 1899 (Paris, France) [sold, Secrétan sale, Boussod, Valadon & Co. and Charles Sedelmeyer, Paris, July 1, 1889, lot 160.]

by 1912 - 1942

Katherine Senney Simpson, died 1943 (New York, New York), consigned to M. Knoedler & Co., April, 1942.

1942 - 1943

Knoedler & Company, 1846 - 2011 (London, England; New York, New York; Paris, France), sold to Harold E. Montag, June, 1943.

1943 - 1969

Harold E. Montag, 1897 - 1969 (Atlanta, Georgia), by inheritance to his wife, Rhea Hirsch Montag, 1969.

1969 - 1982

Rhea Hirsch Montag, 1899 - 1982, by bequest to the Georgia Institute of Technology, 1982.

1982 - 1985

Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, Georgia), sold to French and Company, 1985.

1985 - 1986

French and Company, Inc. (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
The Hudson-Fulton Celebration (1909)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, (New York), 1909, (Cat. 109)
Paintings by the Great Dutch Masters of the Seventeenth Century (October 8 to November 7, 1942)
  • Duveen Galleries, (New York), October 8 to November 7, 1942, (Cat. 54)
Landscape into Art (February 6 to February 25, 1962)
  • Atlanta Art Association Galleries, (Atlanta), February 6 to February 25, 1962, (Cat. 12)
Jacob van Ruisdael: Master of Landscape (June 26, 2005 to June 4, 2006)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, (Los Angeles), June 26 to September 18, 2005, (Cat. 7)
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, (Philadelphia), October 23, 2005 to February 5, 2006, (Cat. 7)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), February 25 to June 4, 2006, (Cat. 7)
Bibliography

Verheyden, The Hague. Catalogus van een uytmuntend partytje konstige en plaisante schilderyen [...]. February 25, 1744, p. 2, lot 6.

Francken, The Hague. Catalogus van een groot en uytmuntent kabinet schilderyen der voornaamste Italiaansche, Fransche, Engelsche, Hoogduytsche en Nederlandsche meesters [...] nagelaten door [...] Willem Lormier [...]. July 4, 1763, p. 28, lot 225.

Francken, The Hague. Catalogus van schilderyen, van den heer agent Willem Lormier, in 's Gravenhage [...]. July 4, 1763, p. 21, lot 225.

Hoet, Gerard. Catalogus of naamlyst van schilderyen, met derzelver prysen [...]. Pieter Terwesten, ed. Vol. 3 (The Hague: Johannes Gaillard, 1770), p. 328, no. 226.

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Boileau, Paris. Catalogue des tableaux qui composent le cabinet de Monseigneur le duc de Choiseul [...]. April 6-10, 1772, p. 23, lot 66.

Rémy, Paris. Catalogue des tableaux, desseins, terres-cuites, marbres, bronzes [...] de Monseigneur le Prince de Conty par P. Remy. April 8, 1777, p. 129, lot 406.

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Lebrun, Paris. Catalogue d'objets rares et curieux, du plus beau choix, de tableaux des écoles d'Italie, de Flandres, de Hollande, d'Allemagne et de France [...] provenant du cabinet de M. Le Brun. April 11, 1791, p. 29, lot 52.

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