The J. Paul Getty Museum

Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel

Object Details

Title:

Thomas Howard, 2nd Earl of Arundel

Artist/Maker:

Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, 1599 - 1641)

Culture:

Flemish

Date:

about 1620–1621

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Object Number:

86.PA.532

Dimensions:

102.6 × 79.7 cm (40 3/8 × 31 3/8 in.)

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Object Description

Depicted three-quarter length, the Earl of Arundel sits before a tapestry curtain on the left and a landscape background on the right. The long, tapering fingers of his left hand hold the gold medallion of Saint George, one of the emblems worn by the twenty-four knights who made up the most eminent and noble circle around the king. His elongated, pale face contrasts with the white ruff around his neck and the scarlet chair upon which he sits. Turned slightly towards the viewer, the expression on Arundel's face is alert but reserved.

Arundel was one of the great patrons and collectors of art in England in the early 1600s. He was best known for his collection of Venetian paintings, which included works by Titian, Tintoretto, and Veronese. During a brief first visit to London around 1621, Anthony van Dyck was commissioned to paint this portrait for Arundel, who recognized the young artist's talent.

Provenance
Provenance
about 1620/1621 -

Thomas Howard, 2nd earl of Arundel, English, 1585 - 1646 (London, England; Arundel Castle, Sussex, England), commissioned from the artist, 1620/1621; by gift to George Villiers.

-

George Villiers, 1st duke of Buckingham, 1592 - 1628 (London, England), possibly York (later Buckingham) House (London, England).

- 1723

Philippe II, duc d'Orléans and regent of France, 1674 - 1723 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his son, Louis, 1723.

1723 - 1752

Louis, duc d'Orléans, 1703 - 1752 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his son, Louis-Philippe, 1752.

1752 - 1785

Louis Philippe d'Orléans, French, 1725 - 1785 (Paris, France)

- 1801

François-Antoine Robit (Paris, France) [unsold, Lebrun, Paris, December 6, 1800, lot 55; sold, Robit sale, Paillet, Delaroche, Paris, May 11, 1801, lot 36, through Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun (Paris, France) to Michael Bryan.]

1801

Michael Bryan, 1757 - 1821 (London, England) [sold, Bryan sale, Bryan, London, November 6, 1801, lot 92, to Francis Egerton.]

1801 - 1803

Francis Egerton, 3rd duke of Bridgewater, 1736 - 1803 (London, England; Worsley Hall, Lancashire, England), by inheritance to his nephew, George Granville Leveson-Gower, 1803.
Source: Julia Lloyd Williams. Dutch Art and Scotland: A Reflection of Taste (Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland, 1992), p. 171.
Note: Francis Egerton died unmarried and left his property and titles to his nephew’s younger son, Francis Leveson-Gower (later named first Lord Ellesmere), but left his nephew, the first duke of Sutherland, his property as a life interest. Bridgewater and Stafford/Sutherland collections were combined at Cleveland house and separated upon the first duke of Sutherland’s death in 1833. George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower seems to have kept this painting, rather than his brother Francis inheriting it.

1803 - 1833

George Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st duke of Sutherland, English, 1758 - 1833 (Cleveland House (later called Bridgewater House), London, England), by inheritance to his son, George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 1833.

1833 - 1861

George Granville Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 2nd duke of Sutherland, English, 1786 - 1861 (Stafford House (later called Lancaster House), London, England), collection moved from display with Bridgewater collection at Cleveland House to Stafford House sometime after the first duke of Sutherland’s death in 1833; by inheritance to his son, George Granville William Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 1861.

1861 - 1892

George Granville William Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland, English, 1828 - 1892 (Stafford House (later called Lancaster House), London, England), by inheritance to his son, Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 1892.

1892 - 1907

Cromartie Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, 4th duke of Sutherland, English, 1851 - 1913 (Stafford House (later called Lancaster House), London, England), sold to Widenstein & Co. (Paris) and Duveen Brothers (London) through Charles Davis, 1907.
Source: GRI, Duveen Brothers Records, Box 286, Folder 4, Files regarding works of art: Rubens, Holy Family, p. 36, Sept. 6, 1907, letter from Duveen to Charles Davis, enclosing a check; p. 37, July 17, 1908, letter from Duveen to Wildenstein, regarding shares.

1907 - 1910

Wildenstein & Co. (Paris) and Duveen Brothers, Inc. (London, England; Paris, France), half-shares, sold by Wildenstein in Paris, 1910.
Source: GRI, Duveen Brothers Records, Box 45, Reel 17, Ledger, 1906-1912, p. 459, January 2, 1910, “1/2 share sale Arundel, Van Dyck.”

by 1917 - by 1920

Friedrich Ludwig von Gans, German, 1833 - 1920 (Frankfurt, Germany), sold to Kurt Walter Bachstitz Gallery, by 1920.
Source: A. Donath, Psychologie des Kunstsammelns (Berlin: Richard Carl Schmidt & Co., 1917), p. 49; G. Swarzenski. "Van Dyck's Portait of the Earl of Arundel." Bulletin of the Bachstitz Gallery 5/6 (January 1924).

by 1920 - 1923

Kurt Walter Bachstitz Gallery, founded 1920, dissolved 1951 (The Hague, The Netherlands), sold to Daniel Guggenheim through Bachstitz's American representative P. Jackson Higgs, 1923.
Source: Bachstitz Gallery (The Hague, 1920), no. 43; GRI, Duveen Brothers Records, Box 361, Reel 3, Correspondence, Gu-, 1916-1937, June 2, 1944, letter from Equitable Appraisal Company, Inc., "Purchased from P. Jackson Higgs on May 14, 1923."

1923 - 1930

Daniel Guggenheim, 1856 - 1930 (New York, New York), by inheritance to his wife, Florence (Shloss) Guggenheim, 1930.
Source: Eighth Loan Exhibition of Old Masters: Paintings by Anthony van Dyck (Detroit: Detroit Institute of Arts, 1929), no. 14.

1930 - 1944

Florence (Shloss) Guggenheim, American, 1863 - 1944 (New York, New York), by inheritance to her son, Robert Guggenheim.
Source: McCall. Catalogue of European Paintings & Sculpture from 1300-1800 (New York: World's Fair/Masterpieces of Art, 1939), no. 99; GRI, Duveen Brothers Records, Box 361, Reel 3, Correspondence, Gu-, 1916-1937, inventory of artworks.

1944 - possibly 1959

Robert Guggenheim, American, 1885 - 1959 (Washington, D. C.), by inheritance to Mrs. David Guggenheim.
Source: The Art Quarterly 13, no. 2 (Spring 1950), p. 92.

-

Mrs. David Guggenheim (New York, New York)
Source: Christie's, London, Important Old Master Pictures, 8 July 1983, lot 92.
Note: This name may have been an error introduced to the provenance by the Christie’s London sale on July 8, 1983. Rebecca Pollard Logan, the owner in 1983, was previously married to Robert Guggenheim. Robert left his estate to her and she continued to live at their Washington D.C. residence until 1976. It is unclear if the painting left their collection upon Robert’s death in 1959 or if the inclusion of Mrs. David Guggenheim is a mistake for Mrs. Daniel Guggenheim, Robert's mother.

-

Mr. Francis Lenyon and Mrs. Francis Lenyon (Washington, D.C.)
Source: Christie's, London, Important Old Master Pictures, 8 July 1983, lot 92.
Note: These names may also have been an error introduced to the provenance by the Christie’s London sale on July 8, 1983. See details in the note for Mrs. David Guggenheim. Mr. and Mrs. Lenyon are only cited in the Christie’s catalogue and a clear connection has not been made to the Guggenheim or Logan families.

by 1980 -

John A. Logan, American, 1896 - 1986 (Washington, D.C.), possibly by inheritance to or co-owned with his wife, Rebecca Pollard Logan.
Source: Larsen, L'opera completa di Van Dyck, 1613-1626 (Milan, 1980), no. 280.

by 1981 - 1983

Rebecca Pollard Logan, American, 1904 - 1994 (Washington, D.C.) [sold, Important Old Master Pictures, Christie's, London, July 8, 1983, lot 92, through Thomas Agnew & Sons, to a private collector.]

1983 - 1986

Private Collection (Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum through Thomas Agnew & Sons, 1986.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Portraits Representing Distinguished Persons in the History and Literature of the United Kingdom (1820)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom (London), 1820
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters and by Deceased Masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition, Seventh Year. MDCCCLXXVI. (January to March 1876)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), January to March 1876
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters and by Deceased Masters of the British School. Winter Exhibition, Twenty-First Year. MDCCCXC. (January 6 to March 15, 1890)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), January 6 to March 15, 1890
Exhibition of works by Van Dyck (1599-1641) (January 1 to March 10, 1900)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), January 1 to March 10, 1900
Paintings by Anthony van Dyck (April 3 to April 20, 1929)
  • The Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit), April 3 to April 20, 1929
Masterpieces of World Art 1939 (May to October 1939)
  • New York World's Fair (Queens), May to October 1939
The Young van Dyck (September 19 to November 9, 1980)
  • National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa), September 19 to November 9, 1980
Van Dyck in England (November 19, 1982 to March 20, 1983)
The Earl and Countess of Arundel: Renaissance Collectors (May 2 to October 1, 1995)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), May 2 to October 1, 1995
Dynasties: Painting in Tudor and Jacobean England, 1530 - 1630 (October 12, 1995 to January 7, 1996)
  • Tate Britain (London), October 12, 1995 to January 7, 1996
Van Dyck (May 15 to December 10, 1999)
  • Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen (Antwerp), May 15 to August 15, 1999
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), September 11 to December 10, 1999
Artistic Relations between Madrid and London, 1604-1654 (March 14 to June 2, 2002)
  • Museo del Prado (Madrid), March 14 to June 2, 2002
Van Dyck (October 8, 2008 to January 25, 2009)
  • Musée Jacquemart-André (Paris), October 8, 2008 to January 25, 2009
Van Dyck & Britain (February 18 to May 17, 2009)
  • Tate Britain (London), February 18 to May 17, 2009
Charles I: King and Collector (January 27 to April 15, 2018)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), January 27 to April 15, 2018
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