The J. Paul Getty Museum

The Stigmatization of Saint Francis, and Angel Crowning Saints Cecilia and Valerian

Object Details

Title:

The Stigmatization of Saint Francis, and Angel Crowning Saints Cecilia and Valerian

Artist/Maker:

Unknown Italian, Neapolitan or Avignon School

Culture:

French or Italian

Place:

Avignon, France; or Naples, Campania, Italy (Place Created)

Date:

1330s

Medium:

Tempera and gold leaf on panel

Object Number:

86.PB.490

Dimensions:

Panel: 31.3 × 45.7 × 1.9 cm (12 5/16 × 18 × 3/4 in.)

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Object Description

This folding altarpiece depicts Saint Francis receiving the stigmata on the left and an angel crowning Saints Cecilia and Valerian with floral wreaths on the right. Delphine de Signe, an aristocrat living at the court of Naples in the early 1300s, had sworn a vow of virginity. Despite this, a marriage was arranged between her and Elzéar de Sabran, also a member of the court. Elzéar was a deeply religious youth, and Delphine was able to convert him to chastity by recounting the legends of Cecilia and Valerian, early Christian martyrs who took a vow of celibacy for their spiritual beliefs. Although they suffered from family opposition, Delphine and her husband remained devoted to one another and honored their common vow. Since the unusual subject matter of the virgin saints would have held symbolic import and served as a model for Delphine and Elzéar's own marriage, Delphine may have been the first owner of this diptych. The couple belonged to the lay Third Order of the Franciscans, which explains the depiction of Saint Francis at the left.

Provenance
Provenance
about 1330s -

Comtes de Sabran (Château d'Ansouis, France), commissioned from the artist, 1330s, possibly by the Blessed Delphine de Signe.

- 1981

Ducs de Sabran-Pontevès (Paris, France)

1981 - 1986

Wildenstein & Co. (New York) (London, England; New York, New York; Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Cent tableaux d'art religieux du siècle à nos jours (1952 to 1953)
  • Galerie Charpentier, Paris, 1952 to 1953
The Cult of Saints (April 25 to July 16, 2006)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), April 25 to July 16, 2006
A Feast for the Senses of Beauty: Art and Experience in Medieval Europe (October 15, 2016 to April 30, 2017)
  • Walters Art Museum (Baltimore), October 15, 2016 to January 8, 2017
Sacred Landscapes: Nature in Renaissance Manuscripts (October 10, 2017 to January 7, 2018)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 10, 2017 to January 7, 2018
Bibliography
Bibliography

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Duhamelet, Geneviève. Saint Elzéar et la bienheureuse Delphine (Paris: Éditions franciscaines, 1944), pp. 17, 19, ill.

Cent tableaux d'art religieux du XIVe siècle a nos jours, exh. cat. (Paris: Galerie Charpentier, 1952), unpaginated, no. 38a.

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De Floriani, Anna. "Pittura del Trecento fra Genova e Avignone: Osservazioni in merito ad alcuni studi recenti e un'ipotesi ligure per il trittico di Angers." Storia dell'Arte 18 (2007), pp. 23-25, figs. 2-3.

De Floriani, Anna. "Rapporti tra la pittura della Francia meridionale e della Liguria tra XIV e XV secolo: Alcune testimonianze significative." In Entre l'Empire et la mer. Mauro Natale and Serena Romano, eds. (Rome: Viella, 2007), pp. 83-85, 105-6, 108, figs. 13-14, 16.

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