The Studio

Object Details

Title:

The Studio

Artist/Maker(s):

Honoré Daumier (French, 1808 - 1879)

Culture:

French

Date:

about 1870

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

40.6 x 31.8 cm (16 x 12 1/2 in.)

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Known for his satirical, touching portrayals of contemporary life, Honoré Daumier changed direction temporarily after seeing a newly hung collection of paintings by Jean-Honoré Fragonard in the Musée du Louvre in 1869.

Struck by the expressive power of Fragonard's rapid brushstroke, Daumier paid homage to his predecessor in a series of paintings that included The Studio. Daumier, who almost never portrayed beautiful women as objects of attraction, succumbed to Fragonard's sensuality and endowed this model with the upswept hair and casual off-the-shoulder costume of Fragonard's females. Emulating Fragonard's manner of sketching on canvas, Daumier made her dress shimmer, drawing with his brush to build the lights cascading from her blouse onto her full skirt.

Aside from touches of gestural brushwork on the man's sleeve, the model's hair, and the woman's brilliantly illuminated skin and dress, this painting's darker palette and largely subdued brushwork are consistent with Daumier's usual style. The artist hunched over his easel in the background also resembles his frequent depictions of painters or connoisseurs profoundly isolated by involvement with a work of art.

Provenance
- 1894

Dr. Georges de Bellio, 1828 - 1894 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his daughter, Victorine Donop de Monchy, 1894.

1894 -

Victorine (de Bellio) Donop de Monchy, born 1863 (Paris, France)

- 1940

Marcel Caron (Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), sold to Wildenstein and Company, 1940.

1940 - 1956

Wildenstein & Company (New York, New York), sold to Norton Simon, 1956.

1956 - 1970

Norton Simon, American, 1907 - 1993 (Fullerton, California), retained by his wife, Lucille Ellis Simon, after their divorce, 1970.

1970 - 1985

Lucille Ellis Simon (Fullerton, California), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Exhibitions
Daumier and Delacroix (May to September 1951)
  • Wildenstein & Company, (New York), May to September, 1951
Honoré Daumier (November 1958) (Cat. 222)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, (Los Angeles), November 1 to November 1, 1958
Daumier, 1808-1879 (June 11, 1999 to May 14, 2000) (Cat. 346)
  • National Gallery of Canada, (Ottawa), June 11 to September 6, 1999
  • Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, (Paris), October 5, 1999 to January 3, 2000
  • The Phillips Collection (Washington, D.C.), February 19 to May 14, 2000
Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806). Orígenes e influencias: De Rembrandt al siglo XXI (November 10, 2006 to February 11, 2007) (Cat. 115)
  • CaixaForum Barcelona, November 10, 2006 to February 11, 2007