The Studio

Object Details

Title:

The Studio

Artist/Maker(s):

Honoré Daumier (French, 1808 - 1879)

Culture:

French

Date:

about 1870

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

40.6 x 31.8 cm (16 x 12 1/2 in.)

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Known for his satirical, touching portrayals of contemporary life, Honoré Daumier changed direction temporarily after seeing a newly hung collection of paintings by Jean-Honoré Fragonard in the Musée du Louvre in 1869.

Struck by the expressive power of Fragonard's rapid brushstroke, Daumier paid homage to his predecessor in a series of paintings that included The Studio. Daumier, who almost never portrayed beautiful women as objects of attraction, succumbed to Fragonard's sensuality and endowed this model with the upswept hair and casual off-the-shoulder costume of Fragonard's females. Emulating Fragonard's manner of sketching on canvas, Daumier made her dress shimmer, drawing with his brush to build the lights cascading from her blouse onto her full skirt.

Aside from touches of gestural brushwork on the man's sleeve, the model's hair, and the woman's brilliantly illuminated skin and dress, this painting's darker palette and largely subdued brushwork are consistent with Daumier's usual style. The artist hunched over his easel in the background also resembles his frequent depictions of painters or connoisseurs profoundly isolated by involvement with a work of art.

Provenance
- 1894

Dr. Georges de Bellio, 1828 - 1894 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his daughter, Victorine Donop de Monchy, 1894.

1894 -

Victorine (de Bellio) Donop de Monchy, born 1863 (Paris, France)

- 1940

Marcel Caron (Neuilly-sur-Seine, France), sold to Wildenstein and Company, 1940.

1940 - 1956

Wildenstein & Company (New York, New York), sold to Norton Simon, 1956.

1956 - 1970

Norton Simon, American, 1907 - 1993 (Fullerton, California), retained by his wife, Lucille Ellis Simon, after their divorce, 1970.

1970 - 1985

Lucille Ellis Simon (Fullerton, California), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Exhibitions
Daumier and Delacroix (May to September 1951)
  • Wildenstein & Company, (New York), May to September, 1951
Honoré Daumier (November 1958) (Cat. 222)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, (Los Angeles), November 1 to November 1, 1958
Daumier, 1808-1879 (June 11, 1999 to May 14, 2000) (Cat. 346)
  • National Gallery of Canada, (Ottawa), June 11 to September 6, 1999
  • Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, (Paris), October 5, 1999 to January 3, 2000
  • The Phillips Collection (Washington, D.C.), February 19 to May 14, 2000
Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806). Orígenes e influencias: De Rembrandt al siglo XXI (November 10, 2006 to February 11, 2007) (Cat. 115)
  • CaixaForum Barcelona, November 10, 2006 to February 11, 2007
Bibliography

Bird, Paul. "Daumier and Delacroix in Summer Exhibit." The Art Digest 25, no. 16 (May 15, 1951), p. 16.

Adhémar, Jean. Honoré Daumier (Paris: Éditions Pierre Tisné, 1954), pp. 66, 130, pl. 173.

Honoré Daumier, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1958), p. 66, no. 222.

Rey, Robert. Honoré Daumier. Norbert Guterman, trans. (New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1966), pp. 156-57, ill.

Maison, Karl Eric. Honoré Daumier: Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings, Watercolors and Drawings. 2 vols. (Greenwich, CT: New York Graphic Society, 1968), vol. 1, p. 175, no. I-225, pl. 104.

Niculescu, Remus. "Georges de Bellio, l'ami des impressionistes." Paragone 21, no. 247 (September 1970), p. 53; no. 249 (November 1970), p. 78.

Mandel, Gabriele, and Luigi Barzini. L'opera pittorica completa di Daumier (Milan: Rizzoli, 1971), pp. 112-13, no. 285, ill.

Duncan, Carol. The Pursuit of Pleasure: The Rococo Revival in French Romantic Art (New York and London: Garland, 1976), p. 94n1.

Passeron, Roger. Daumier, témoin de son temps (Fribourg, Switzerland: Office du livre, 1979), pp. 224, 242-43, 312n67, fig. 181.

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), p. 222, no. 133, ill.

Provost, Louis. Honoré Daumier: A Thematic Guide to the Oeuvre (New York and London: Garland, 1989), pp. 78, 206.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 32, ill.

Cabanne, Pierre. Honoré Daumier: Témoin de la comédie humaine (Paris: Éditions de l'amateur, 1999), p. 109, ill.

Loyrette, Henri, et al. Daumier, 1808-1879, exh. cat. (Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1999), p. 510, no. 346, ill., entry by Michael Pantazzi.

Cuzin, Jean-Pierre, et al. Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806): Orígenes et influencias; De Rembrandt al siglo XXI, exh. cat. (Barcelona: Fundación "la Caixa," 2006), pp. 182, 220, no. 115, ill.

Cuzin, Jean-Pierre. "Fragonard en el ano 2006" / "Fragonard en 2006." In Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806). Orígenes e influencias: De Rembrandt al siglo XXI, exh. cat. (Barcelona: Fundación "la Caixa," 2006), pp. 31, 199.

Brettell, Richard R., and Stephen F. Eisenman. Nineteenth-Century Art in the Norton Simon Museum. Vol. 1 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2006), pp. 20-21, fig. 22.

Campbell, Sara. Collector without Walls: Norton Simon and His Hunt for the Best (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, with Norton Simon Art Foundation, 2010), p. 21, fig. 6; p. 247, no. 29, ill.

Browne, Elizabeth Saari. "'Amateur' Painting: Honoré Daumier's 'Homage to Fragonard' and the Rococo." Athanor 31 (2013), pp. 71-77, fig. 1, cover ill.