Christ Carrying the Cross

Object Details

Title:

Christ Carrying the Cross

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to Marco d' Oggiono (Italian, about 1467 - 1524)

Culture:

Italian

Date:

about 1495–1500

Medium:

Oil on panel

Object Number:

85.PB.412

Dimensions:

36.8 × 27.3 cm (14 1/2 × 10 3/4 in.)

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Drops of blood are visible on Christ's brow as he carries the cross to his Crucifixion. The immediacy of this close-up image invites the viewer to contemplate the pain and meaning of Christ's sacrifice.

Associated with Leonardo da Vinci, Marco d'Oggiono subtly manipulated light and shadow in this work to heighten the impression of Christ's patient submission to his fate.

Images of Christ carrying the cross were extremely popular in northern Italy in the late 1400s. Oggiono made this painting and others like it for the purpose of private devotion.

Provenance
possibly from 1730s - 1740s

Possibly George Proctor, died 1744 (Langley Park, Norfolk, England), possibly by inheritance to his nephew, William Beauchamp-Proctor, 1744.

possibly 1744 - 1773

Possibly Sir William Beauchamp-Proctor, first Bart., 1722 - 1773 (Langley Park, Norfolk, England), possibly by inheritance to his son, Thomas Beauchamp-Proctor, 1773.

possibly 1773, by 1785 - 1827

Sir Thomas Beauchamp-Proctor, second Bart., 1756 - 1827 (Langley Park, Norfolk, England), by inheritance to his son, William Beauchamp-Proctor, 1827.

1827 - 1861

Sir William Beauchamp-Proctor, third Bart., 1781 - 1861 (Langley Park, Norfolk, England)

1861 - 1874

Sir Thomas William Brograve Proctor-Beauchamp, fourth Bart., 1815 - 1874 (Langley Park, Norfolk, England), by inheritance to his son, Reginald William Proctor-Beauchamp, 1874.
Source: Exhibition of the Works of the Old Masters, Associated With Works of Deceased Masters of the British School, exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1871), p. 25, no. 275.

1874 - 1912

Sir Reginald William Proctor-Beauchamp, fifth Bart., 1853 - 1912 (Langley Park, Norfolk, England), by inheritance to his eldest daughter, Sheila Ginevra Hilda Mary Beauchamp, 1912.

1912 - 1947

Sheila Ginevra Hilda Mary Beauchamp, died 1953 (Langley Park, Norfolk, England; The Cottage, Bergh Apton, Norwich, Norfolk, England) [The Trustees of the late Sir Reginald Proctor-Beauchamp sale, Sotheby's, London, June 11, 1947, lot 21, to Frank T. Sabin.]
Source: Sotheby's, London. Catalogue of Highly Important Paintings by Old Masters. June 11, 1947, p. 6, lot. 21. Annotated by Ellis Kirkham Waterhouse.

1947 - still in 1951

Frank T. Sabin (London, England)

- 1980

Capt. Vivian Bulkeley-Johnson, died 1968 (The Mount, Oxfordshire, England)

- 1980

and Mrs. Vivian Bulkeley-Johnson (The Mount, Oxfordshire, England) [sold, Bulkeley-Johnson sale, Christie's, London, April 18, 1980, lot 78, to Piero Corsini.]

1980 - 1985

Piero Corsini (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.
Source: Piero Corsini Inc., New York. Italian Old Master Paintings: Fourteenth to Eighteenth Century. November 17 to December 9, 1984, pp. 24-25, no. 10, ill.

Exhibitions
Exhibition of the Works of the Old Masters Associated with Works of Deceased Masters of the British School (1871) (as Leonardo da Vinci)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1871
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters and by Deceased Masters of the British School Including [...] The Norwich School (1878) (as Leonardo da Vinci)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1878
Italian Old Master Paintings (November 17 to December 8, 1984) (as Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis)
  • Piero Corsini Inc. (New York), November 17 to December 8, 1984
Il Cinquecento lombardo: Da Leonardo a Caravaggio (October 4, 2000 to February 25, 2001) (as Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis)
  • Palazzo Reale (Milano), October 4, 2000 to February 25, 2001
Bibliography

Neale, J. P. Views of the Seats of Noblemen and Gentlemen, in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. 6 vols. (London: Sherwood, Jones and Co., 1818-23), vol. 6 (1823), unpaginated, under Langley Park.

Exhibition of the Works of the Old Masters [...], exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, with William Clowes & Sons, 1871), p. 25, no. 275, as Leonardo Da Vinci.

Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters [...], exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1878), p. 42, no. 222, as Leonardo Da Vinci.

Sotheby's, London. Catalogue of Highly Important Paintings by Old Masters. June 11, 1947, p. 6, lot 21.

Frank T. Sabin Gallery advertisement. Connoisseur 126, no. 519 (January 1951), pp. 48-49, ill.

Italian Old Master Paintings: Fourteenth to Eighteenth Century (New York: Piero Corsini, Inc., 1984), pp. 24-25, no. 10, as Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis, ill.

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), pp. 211-12, no. 110.

Marani, Pietro C. Leonardo e i leonardeschi a Brera (Florence: Cantini, 1987), p. 37, fig. 22.

Brown, David Alan. Andrea Solario (Milan: Electa, 1987), p. 88, 134n53.

Baudequin, Jean-Christophe. Disegno: Les dessins italiens du Musée de Rennes (Rennes: Le Musée de Rennes, with Groupe Média Calligraphy, 1990), p. 30, under no. 9.

Brown, David Alan. "The Master of the Madonna Litta." In I leonardeschi a Milano: Fortuna e collezionismo. Maria Teresa Fiorio and Pietro C. Marani, eds. (Milan: Electa, 1991), pp. 28, 33n14, fig. 14.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 99, ill.

Fiorio, Maria Teresa. "The Many Faces of Leonardismo." In The Legacy of Leonardo (Milan: Skira, 1998), p. 46, fig. 2.4.

Caroli, Flavio, ed. Il Cinquecento lombardo: Da Leonardo a Caravaggio, exh. cat. (Milan: Palazzo Reale, with Skira, 2000), p. 105, no. III.15, as Giovanni Amobgio de Predis, ill., entry by Carlo Pedretti.

Kustodieva, Tatiana. "La Madonna Litta: Storia di un capolavoro di Leonardo." In Leonardo: La Madonna Litta dall'Ermitage di San Pietroburgo, exh. cat. Claudio Strinati, ed. (Rome: De Luca, with Palazzo del Quirinale, 2003), p. 46.