Attic Red-Figure Volute Krater

Object Details

Title:

Attic Red-Figure Volute Krater

Artist/Maker(s):

Kleophrades Painter (Greek (Attic), active 505 - 475 B.C.)

Culture:

Greek (Attic)

Place(s):

Athens, Greece (Place created)

Date:

about 490 B.C.

Medium:

Terracotta

Dimensions:

56.9 x 41.1 cm (22 3/8 x 16 3/16 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of Gordon McLendon

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Scenes from several Greek myths run around the neck of this enormous red-figure volute-krater, which was broken and reassembled from many fragments. On the front of the vase, the top row of decoration depicts a mythological battle against the Amazons. Much of this scene is missing, but Herakles, identifiable by his lionskin, grasps the hair of a fallen Amazon and prepares to deliver the fatal blow with his sword. The lower row shows excerpts of three Labors of Herakles: the Lernean Hydra, Geryon, and the Apples of the Hesperides. The better preserved back of the vase shows the Amazons preparing for battle and a scene with Peleus and Thetis, the parents of Achilles.

The complexity of the decoration and the scale of this vase are unusual. In fact, this is the only surviving volute-krater with two rows of decoration on the neck. At this time, Athenian potters worked in close proximity and painters were very aware of each other's work. A showpiece like this vase may have been a response to the Kleophrades Painter's main competitor at this time, the Berlin Painter, who had been producing large volute-kraters with one frieze on the neck.

Related Works
Provenance
by 1972

Art Market (Geneva, Switzerland)

- 1977

Gordon McLendon (Dallas, Texas), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977.

Bibliography

Greifenhagen, Adolf. Neue Fragmente des Kleophradesmalers. Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse. 1972, 4. Abhandlung. pp. 24-41.

Giroux, Hubert. "La cratère à volutes du peintre de Berlin au Louvre," RA 23 (1972) 243-250 figs. 6-7 (handles and foot)

Frel, Jirí. "The Kleophrades Painter in Malibu," The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 4 (1977). pp. 63-76. pp. 63-70, figs. 1-12.

Frel, Jirí. Painting on Vases in Ancient Greece: a Loan Exhibition from The J. Paul Getty Museum. Exh. cat., Art Gallery, Loyola Marymount University, March 20-April 22, 1979. no. 21.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Appointment Calendar. Malibu: 1981. week of July 6.

Pasquier, Alain. "Nouvelles decouvertes a propos du cratere d'Antee peint par Euphronios," Revue du Louvre 1, 1981, pp. 3-9. pp. 3-4, figs. 6-7.

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Neils, J. The Youthful Deeds of Theseus. Rome: 1987 pp. 71-72, n. 320.

Boardman, John, et al. "Herakles," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1990), pp. 1-192. p. 7, no. 1702; pl. 9; p. 77, no. 2502.

Kokkorou-Alewras, G. "Herakles," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1990) p. 101, no. 2680.

Pipili, Maria. "Hippodameia I," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1990), pp. 434-440. p. 690, no. 23.

Robertson, Martin. The Art of Vase Painting in Classical Athens. Cambridge: 1992. p.60

Icard-Gianolio, Noelle, and A.-V. Szabados. "Nereides," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae VI (1992), pp. 785-824. pp. 805-6, no. 287.

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Schreiber, Toby. Athenian Vase Construction: A Potter's Analysis (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1999), fig. 16.17.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002) p. 72.

Arvanitaki, Anna. Hero and the Polis: The Example of Herakles in the Archaic Iconography of Corinth (Thessaloniki: University Studio Press, 2006) p. 68, n. 12.

Gaunt, Jasper. "The Attic Volute Krater." Phd. Diss. (NYU, 2006) 529-530, cat. 50

Mommsen, Heide. "Prometheus oder Atlas? Zur Deutung der Amphora München 1540" In Athenian Potters and Painters, vol. 2. John H. Oakley and Olga Palagia, eds. (Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2009) 201-211 203, fig. 5.

Mitchell, Alexandre G. Greek Vase-Painting and the Origins of Visual Humour (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009), p. 197. p. 220.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 72.

Padgett, Michael J. "The Serpent in the Garden: Herakles, Ladon, and the Hydra." In Approaching the Ancient Artifact. A. Avramidou and D. Demetriou, eds. (Berlin: de Gruyter, 2014). 49-51.

Saunders, David. "An Amazonomachy Attributed to the Syleus Painter." In Athenian Potters and Painters III. John. H. Oakley, ed. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2014 195, footnote 45.