The Apostle Simon

Object Details

Title:

The Apostle Simon

Artist/Maker:

Anthony van Dyck (Flemish, 1599 - 1641)

Culture:

Flemish

Date:

about 1618

Medium:

Oil on panel

Dimensions:

63.8 × 47.9 cm (25 1/8 × 18 7/8 in.)

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Inspired by a series of apostles that Rubens painted in 1610 for the Duke of Lerma, Spain's chief minister, Anthony van Dyck set about making his own similar series, including this painting of the Apostle Simon. Simon is shown bust-length, his head turned so that his profile is "lost" or partially obscured by shadow. His left hand rests on a saw, the instrument of his martyrdom. Light falls from the top left, creating highlights and deep shadows across his head, face, hand, and clothing. Draperies are broadly painted and richly colored, while the apostle's hair, eyebrows, and beard are finely painted to convey their wavy, silky texture.

Provenance
- 1660

Possibly William Verhagen (Antwerp, Belgium)

about 1660 -

Possibly Carel van den Bosch, bishop of Brugge (Brugge, Belgium)

- about 1692

Possibly Prosper Henry Lankrink, possibly 1628 - 1692 (London, England), possibly to Robert Spencer, about 1692.

about 1692 - 1702

Robert Spencer, second earl of Sunderland, 1640 - 1702 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Charles Spencer, 1702.

1702 - 1722

Charles Spencer, third earl of Sunderland, 1674 - 1722 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Robert Spencer, 1722.

1722 - 1729

Robert Spencer, fourth earl of Sunderland, 1701 - 1729 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Charles Spencer, 1729.

1729 - 1744

Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, 1706 - 1758 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to his younger brother of Marlborough; Althorp and its contents passed to John Spencer when his brother inherited Marlborough title; d.d.1758

1744 - 1746

John Spencer, British, 1708 - 1746 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to John Spencer, 1746.

1746 - 1783

John Spencer, first earl Spencer, 1734 - 1783 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to George John Spencer, 1783.

1783 - 1834

George John Spencer, second earl Spencer, British, 1758 - 1834 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to John Charles Spencer, 1834.

1834 - 1845

John Charles Spencer, third earl Spencer, 1782 - 1845 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Frederick Spencer, 1845.

1845 - 1857

Frederick Spencer, fourth earl Spencer, 1798 - 1857 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to John Poyntz Spencer, 1857.

1857 - 1910

John Poyntz Spencer, fifth earl Spencer, 1835 - 1910 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Charles Robert Spencer, 1910.

1910 - 1922

Charles Robert Spencer, sixth earl Spencer, 1857 - 1922 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Albert Edward John Spencer, 1922.

1922 - 1975

Albert Edward John Spencer, seventh earl Spencer, 1892 - 1975 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England), by inheritance to Edward John Spencer, 1975.

1975 - about 1984

Edward John Spencer, eighth earl Spencer, 1924 - 1992 (Althorp, Northamptonshire, England)

- 1985

Trustees of the Lewis Family Settlement (London, England), sold through P & D Colnaghi & Co., Ltd., London, to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Exhibitions
Treasures from Althorp (1970) (2; repr.)
  • Victoria and Albert Museum (London), 1970
Art, Commerce, Scholarship: A Window onto the Art World: Colnaghi, 1760-1984 (November 7 to December 15, 1984) (Cat. 41; pp. 149, 1 - 153, repr. p. 151, entry by Donald Garstang)
  • P. & D. Colnaghi & Co., Ltd., London, November 7 to December 15, 1984
Rembrandt's Late Religious Portraits (January 30 to August 28, 2005)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 7 to August 28, 2005
Bibliography

Dibdin, Thomas Frognall. Aedes Althorpianae; or an Account of the Mansion, Books, and Pictures at Althorp (London: W. Nicol, 1822) p. 275.

Catalogue of the Pictures at Althorp House, in the County of Northampton, with Occasional Notices, Biographical or Historical (privately printed). (1851) no. 258, p. 63.

Galesloot, L. "Un procès pour une vente de tableaux attribués à Antoine van Dyck 1600-1622." Annales de l'Académie Royale d'Archéologie de Belgique, vol. XXIV. (1868) pp. 561-606.

Schaeffer, Emil. Van Dyck (Klassiker der Kunst 13). (Stuttgart and Leipzig: 1909) p. 4, repr. p. 495.

Woermann, Karl. "Anton van Dyck's frühe Apostelfolge." Von Apelles zu Böcklin und Weirer, vol. II. (Esslingen: 1912) pp. 24 and 30.

Haberditzl, Franz Martin. "Anton van Dyck." in Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker, eds., Allgemeines Lexikon der Bilden. (Leipzig: 1914) p. 264.

Oldenbourg, Rudolf. "Studien zu van Dyck." Münchner Jahrbuch der Bildenden Kunst, vol. III. (1914-1915) pp. 225, 227-28, 230-31.

Glück, Gustav. "Van Dycks Apostelfolge." Festschrift für Max J. Friedländer zum 60 Geburtstage. (Leipzig: 1927) pp. 130-47; 1933 ed., pp. 288-302.

Rosenbaum, Heinrich. Der Junge van Dyck (1615-21). (Munich: 1928) pp. 36-45.

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"Editorial: P.H. Lankrink's Collection. " Burlington Magazine, vol. LXXXVI, no. 502. (January 1945) no. 110, p. 31.

Garlick, Kenneth J. A Catalogue of Pictures at Althorp. Walpole Society 45 (1976) pp. 103, 107, 122, no. 141, p. 19, pl. 6, fg. 141.

Larsen, Erik. L'opera completa di Van Dyck, 1626-1641. 2 vols. (Milan: Rizzoli, 1980), vol. 2 no. 46, p. 88, repr. p. 89.

McNairn, A. The Young van Dyck. exh. cat. (Ottawa, National Gallery of Canada: 1980) pp. 39-40, 44.

Brown, Christopher. Van Dyck. (Oxford: 1982) pp. 12-13, fig. 3.

Roland, Margaret. "Some Thoughts on van Dyck's Apostle Series." in Essays on van Dyck. (Ottawa: 1983) pp. 23-26, fig. 5.

Roland, Margaret. "Van Dyck's Early Workshop, the Apostle Series, and the Drunken Silenus." Art Bulletin, vol. LXIV, no. 2. (June 1984) pp. 211-18, see esp. pp. 217-218.

Verdi, Richard. "Exhibitions Reviews--London Old Master Exhibitions." Burlington Magazine, vol. 127, no. 982. (January 1985) p. 52.

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986) p. 195, no. 68.

Hoving, Thomas. "Money and Masterpieces." Connoisseur 216, no. 899 (December 1986) p. 98.

Reinewald, Chris. "Musea en Galeries in Amerika. Het Getty Museum: Een Romeinse villa aan de Pacific Coast." Tableau 9, no. 4 (February 1987) pp. 65, 67.

Larsen, Erik. The Paintings of Anthony van Dyck. 2 vols. (Freren, Germany: Luca Verlag, 1988), vol. 1 vol. 1 pp. 137, 139, ill. 33; vol. 2, p. 90, no. 202.

Hall, Nicholas H. J., ed. Colnaghi in America: A Survey to Commemorate the First Decade of Colnaghi New York (New York: Colnaghi, 1992) p. 130.

Mitchell, Paul, and Lynn Roberts. Frameworks: Form, Function and Ornament in European Portrait Frames (London: P. Mitchell, 1996) pp. 59-61, fig. 29.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 38, ill.

Christie's, London. Old Masters & 19th Century Art. July 7, 2009 pp. 88, 90, fig. 2, under lot 37.

Vergara, Alejandro and Friso Lammertse, eds. The Young Van Dyck, exh. cat. (Madrid: Museo Nacional del Prado, 2012) pp. 192-93 (entry by José Juan Pérez Preciado); 196 (entry by José Juan Pérez Preciado); 209, 211, fig. 73. (entry by Friso Lammertse).