Italian Landscape (Site d'Italie, Soleil Levant)

Object Details

Title:

Italian Landscape (Site d'Italie, Soleil Levant)

Artist/Maker(s):

Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (French, 1796 - 1875)

Culture:

French

Date:

about 1835

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

63.5 x 101.3 cm (25 x 39 7/8 in.)

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Composed from memories and from drawings made during Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot's travels in Italy, this view is probably a pendant to Landscape with Lake and Boatman, which was shown at the Paris Salon of 1839. First purchased by different collectors, scholars thought the canvases were lost for several decades, until they were offered to the J. Paul Getty Museum in 1984. The two paintings depict ideal Italian views that contrast different times of day, emulating the works of Corot's seventeenth-century countryman Claude Lorrain.

The golden morning light bathes this landscape of singing and dancing peasants with antique ruins in the background. To the left, picturesque cows wade in the reflective water, and a contemporary townscape appears in the distance. Like Lorrain, Corot presented a utopian setting in which ancient and modern culture coexist in lyrical harmony.

Provenance
1839 - 1842

Ferdinand-Philippe, duc d'Orléans, 1810 - 1842, purchased from the artist at the 1839 Salon; by inheritance to his wife, Hélène de Mecklembourg, 1842.

1842 - 1853

Hélène de Mecklembourg, duchesse d'Orléans, 1814 - 1858 [sold, d'Orléans sale, Bonnefons de Lavialle, Paris, January 18, 1853, lot 12, to Saint Agnan Boucher.]

1853 - 1893

Saint Agnan Boucher (Paris, France), by inheritance to his wife, Anaïs Sophie Périac Boucher, 1893.

1893 - 1903

Anaïs Sophie Périac Boucher, by inheritance to her nephews, Maurice and Roger Périac.

1903 -

Maurice Périac

1903 -

and Roger Périac

by 1909 -

Galerie Bernheim Jeune (Paris, France)

by 1914 - still in 1954

Julien Bessonneau (Angers, France)

- 1984

B. G. Verte (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1984.

Exhibitions
Ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure et lithographie des artistes vivans [...] 1839 (1839) (Cat. 403)
  • Musée du Louvre, (Paris), 1839
Exhibition of the Société des amis des arts de Bordeaux (November 1852 to January 1853) (Cat. 117)
  • Société des Amis des Arts de Bordeaux, November, 1852 to January, 1853
Art français: Exposition d'art décoratif contemporain, 1800-1885 (1914) (Cat. 11; possibly Getty painting)
  • Grosvenor House, (London), 1914
Sur le motif: Painting in Nature around 1800 (September 23, 2008 to March 8, 2009) (no cat.)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), September 23, 2008 to March 8, 2009
Corot in California (July 4 to October 11, 2009) (no cat.)
  • Santa Barbara Museum of Art, (Santa Barbara), July 4 to October 11, 2009
Bibliography

Ordonnance no. 336 [...] Salon de 1839 (documenting payments to Corot and Jadin), May 4, 1839, Paris, Archives de la maison de France (branche d'Orléans), Archives nationales, AP/300[?].

Maison de S.A. Mgr. le duc d'Orléans, prince royal. Mandat de paiement (documenting payment to Corot), May 21, 1839, Paris, Archives de la maison de France (branche d'Orléans), Archives nationales, AP/300(I)/2393.

H. "Exposition de 1839 (4e article)." Journal des artistes: Revue pittoresque consacrée aux artistes et aux gens du monde, 13th yr., 1, no. 12 (March 24, 1839), p. 186.

"Salon. Cinquième article." Journal des beaux-arts et de la littérature, 6th yr., 1, no. 11 (March 31, 1839), p. 168.

D...ps, Alex. "Beaux-Arts. Salon de 1839. (7e article)." Le national (May 13, 1839), p. 1.

F. P. "Beaux-Arts. Salon de 1839. (8e article)." Le moniteur universel (April 20, 1839), p. 576.

Explication des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure et lithographie des artistes vivans, exposés au musée royal, le 1er mars 1839, exh. cat. (Paris: Musée royal, 1839), p. 46, no. 403.

Barbier, Alexandre. Salon de 1839 (Paris: Joubert, 1839), p. 139.

Inventaire après décès (inventory of the duc d'Orléans collection), August 19, 1842, Paris, Archives de la maison de France (branche d'Orléans), Archives nationales, AP/300(III)/166.

Matheron, Laurent. Exposition de la Société des amis des arts de Bordeaux. 1852. Revue critique (Bordeaux: Chez les principaux libraires, 1852), pp. 46-47.

Review of the exhibition of the Société des amis des arts de Bordeaux. La guienne (December 24, 1852).

Lecomte, Jules. Review of the exhibition of the Société des amis des arts de Bordeaux. L'indépendance belge (December 31, 1852).

Explication des ouvrages...des artistes vivants exposés dans la galerie de la Société des amis des arts de Bordeaux le 15 novembre 1852, exh. cat. (Bordeaux: Société des amis des arts, 1852), no. 117.

Gautier, Théophile. Review of the exhibition of the Société des amis des arts de Bordeaux. Mémorial bordelais (January 25, 1853).

Achard, Amédée. Preview of the Orléans sale. L'assemblée nationale (January 3, 1853).

Calonne, Alphonse de. "Les théâtres et les arts." Revue contemporaine 5 (1852-1853), p. 639.

Gautier, Théophile. "Société des amis des arts de Bordeaux. Exposition de 1852." La presse (January 15, 1853), p. 2.

Extrait du registre des declarations préalables aux ventes mobilières [...] (Official report of the Orléans sale), March 9, 1853, Paris, Archives de la maison de France (branche d'Orléans), Archives nationales, AP/300[?].

Bonnefons de Lavialle, Paris. Catalogue des tableaux modernes composant la galerie du feu prince royal et appartenant a S. A. R. madame la duchesse d'Orléans [...]. January 18, 1853, p. 5, lot 12.

Silvestre, Théophile. Histoire des artistes vivants français et étrangers: Études d'après nature [...] Première série, illustrée de 10 portraits pris au daguerréotype et gravés sur acier [...] (Paris: E. Blanchard, 1856), pp. 89, 104.

Art français: Exposition d'art décoratif contemporain, 1800-1885, exh. cat. (London: Grosvenor House, 1914), p. 16, no. 11 (possibly Getty painting).

Baud-Bovy, Daniel. Corot (Geneva: Alexandre Jullien, 1957), p. 86.

"Acquisitions/1984." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985), p. 212, no. 144, ill.

Wissman, Fronia E. "Corot's Salon Paintings: Sources from French Classicism to Contemporary Theater Design." Ph.D. diss. (Yale University, 1989), pp. 47-48, 198, no. 21, fig. 21.

Wissman, Fronia E. "The Generation Gap." In The Rise of Landscape Painting in France: Corot to Monet, exh. cat. (Manchester, NH: Currier Gallery of Art, 1991), p. 69, fig. 3.

Pomarède, Vincent. Corot (Paris: Flammarion, 1996), p. 238.

Tinterow, Gary, et al. Corot, exh. cat. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, with Harry N. Abrams, 1996), pp. 145, 180, 182, under no. 75, fig. 83, entry by Michael Pantazzi.

Pomarède, Vincent, et al. Corot, 1796-1875, exh. cat. (Paris: Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, 1996), pp. 197, 234-35, under no. 75, ill., entry by Michael Pantazzi.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 27, ill.

Hamrick, Lois Cassandra. "Au-delà de la traduction: Baudelaire, Gautier et le dictionnaire du poète-artiste-critique." In Langues du XIXe siècle. Graham Falconer et al., eds. (Toronto: Centre d'études romantiques Joseph Sablé, 1998), p. 229n55.

Stefani, Chiara. "Vedere, descrivere e dipingere l'Italia tra Sette e Ottocento." Studi (e testi) italiani (Spring 1999), p. 297, fig. 1.

Pomarède, Vincent. "Cronologia." In Corot: Natura, emozione, ricordo, exh. cat. (Ferrara, Italy: Palazzo dei Diamanti; Ferrara Arte, 2005), p. 289.

Pomarède, Vincent. "Cronología." In Corot: Naturaleza, emocíon, recuerdo, exh. cat. (Madrid: Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, 2005), p. 307.

Brettell, Richard R., and Stephen F. Eisenman. Nineteenth-Century Art in the Norton Simon Museum. Vol. 1 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2006), p. 101, under no. 21, fig. 21b.

Pagel, David. "The Super Natural." Los Angeles Times (December 1, 2008), p. E2, ill.

Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

From Foreground to Background

In this lesson, students study a landscape painting and learn about foreground, middle ground, and background.

Visual Arts

3-5

Two-Part Lesson