before 1936 - 1967
Louis V. Randall, Canadian, born German, 1873 - 1972 [sold, Sotheby's, London, July 6, 1967, lot 2.]
Private Collection, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1984.
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Study of a Stag (recto); Study of Goats (verso)
Lucas Cranach the Elder (German, 1472 - 1553)
Brush with brown and red brown wash, heightened with white gouache (recto); brush with black, gray, and green wash, black chalk (verso)
13.5 × 16.7 cm (5 5/16 × 6 9/16 in.)
Lucas Cranach the Elder often painted carefully described animals, one of his particular specialties and a typical manifestation of Renaissance interest in nature. He frequently depicted stags, both as victims of the hunt and as onlookers. Here Cranach began with a sketch in black chalk, which he then went over rapidly with a brush and ink wash, using broad strokes to create the long, furry winter coat. He then freely applied varied washes to the legs and antlers.
On the verso, a quickly brushed yet well-formed three-dimensional goat grazes energetically. The head of another goat is cut off by the edge of the paper, and a light black chalk sketch of a third peers outward above the neck of the main animal. All three animals stare saucily at the viewer with engagingly direct gazes.