Bacchante with an Ape

Object Details


Bacchante with an Ape


Hendrick ter Brugghen (Dutch, 1588 - 1629)






Oil on canvas


102.9 × 89.2 cm (40 1/2 × 35 1/8 in.)

See more

See less

A bacchante, follower of Bacchus, the god of wine, leans forward and grins at the viewer while squeezing a bunch of grapes into a golden drinking vessel. Her posture, exposed breasts, flushed cheeks, and inviting smile allude to her drunken state. There is something disturbing, however, in the way she provocatively confronts the viewer, leaning into the spectator's space and smiling broadly. In the lower left corner an ape mimics the woman's gesture, holding a smaller bunch of grapes in his right paw. The ape may serve a moralizing purpose, condemning excessive drinking.

While visiting Rome from about 1604 to 1614, Hendrick ter Brugghen saw the famous Bacchus by Caravaggio from which this classical painting of Bacchus's female follower derives.

in 19th century -

Litta Collection (Milan, Italy)

- 1889

N. Bianco (Turin, Italy) [sold, Bianco sale, Sambon, Milan, November 25, 1889, lot 8, to Cristoforo Benigno Crespi.]

1889 - after 1914

Commandatore Cristoforo Benigno Crespi, 1833 - 1920 (Milan, Italy) [unsold, Crespi sale, Lair-Dubreuil, Baudoin, Hotel Drouot, Paris, June 6, 1914, lot 79.]

by 1967

R. G. Poletti (Milan, Italy)

by 1968

F. Giordano (Turin, Italy)

by 1969

Botte (Vaduz, Liechtenstein)

by 1969

and Langenegger (Vaduz, Liechtenstein)

by 1975

Rolba Anstalt (Vaduz, Liechtenstein)

- 1984

R. G. Poletti (Lugano, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1984.

Hendrick ter Brugghen und die Malerei in Utrecht (February 11 to April 12, 1987)
  • Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum (Braunschweig), February 11 to April 12, 1987

Sambon, Milan. Catalogo della Collezione N. Bianco di Torino. November 25 and 26, 1889 p. 11, lot 8, ill.

Houck, M. Verslagen en mededeelingen der Vereeniging tot Beoefening van Overijsselsch regt en Geschiedenia. (1899) p. 395.

Houck, M. "Hendrick Ter Brugghen en zijn 'vier Evangelisten' te Deventer." Eigen haard. (1900) p. 520.

Hôtel Drouot, Paris. Catalogue des Tableaux des Écoles Italienne, Allemande, Flamande, Française et Hollandaise et des Sculptures provenant de la Galerie Crespi de Milan. June 6, 1914 p. 43, lot 79, ill.

Baker, C.H. Collins. "Hendrick Terbrugghen and Plein Air." Burlington Magazine, 50. (April 1927) p. 196.

von Schneider, Arthur. Caravaggio und die Niederländer. (1st ed., 1933; 2nd ed., Amsterdam: 1967) p. 141.

Devigne, Marguerite. "Un portrait de femme attribué à Hendrik Terbrugghen." Oud Holland, 54. (1937) pp. 264-65, fig. 2.

Isarlo, Georges. Caravage et le Caravaggisme européen (Aix-en-Provence: 1941) p. 235.

Nicolson, Benedict. "The Rijksmuseum 'Incredulity' and Terbrugghen's Chronology." Burlington Magazine, 98. (April 1956) p. 109n29.

Nicolson, Benedict. Hendrick ter Brugghen (London: Lund Humphries, 1958) p. 78, no. A47, pl. 77.

Judson, J. Richard. "Allegory on Drinking." Worcester Art Museum News Bulletin and Calendar, 34. (February 1969) unpaginated.

European Paintings in the Collection of the Worcester Art Museum. (Worcester, Mass.: 1974) pp. 104-6.

Nicolson, Benedict. The International Caravaggesque Movement: Lists of Pictures by Caravaggio and His Followers throughout Europe from 1590 to 1650 (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979) p. 97.

Bordeaux, Jean-Luc. "Le Défi Getty." Connaissance des arts, no. 394 (December 1984) p. 42, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. "Recent Acquisitions of Paintings: The J. Paul Getty Museum." The Burlington Magazine 127, no. 985 (April 1985) pp. 262, 264, fig. 100.

"Acquisitions/1984." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985) p. 207, no. 130, ill.

Sutton, Peter C. A Guide to Dutch Art in America (Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1986) p. 139, fig. 200.

Blankert, Albert and Leonard J. Slatkes. Nieuw Licht op de Gouden Eeuw: Hendrick ter Brugghen en tijdgenoten. exh. cat. (Braunschweig: Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum; and Utrecht: Centraal Museum, 1986) pp. 152-55, no. 27.

Hoving, Thomas. "Money and Masterpieces." Connoisseur 216, no. 899 (December 1986) p. 98.

Reinewald, Chris. "Musea en Galeries in Amerika. Het Getty Museum: Een Romeinse villa aan de Pacific Coast." Tableau 9, no. 4 (February 1987) p. 65.

ten Doesschate-Chu, Petra. Im Lichte Hollands: Holländische Malerei des 17. Jahrunderts aus den Sammlungen des Fürsten von Lichtenstein und aus Schweizer Besitz, exh. cat. (Kunstmuseum Basel, Zürich: 1987) p. 108, under no. 28, ill.

Duparc, Frederik J. Review of Albert Blankert, Leonard J. Slatkes, et al, Nieuw licht op de gouden eeuw: Hendrick ter Brugghen en zijn tijdgenoten, exhib. cat. (Braunschweig, Utrecht: 1986); Simiolus, 18. (1988) pp. 174, 176.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Rev. ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988) unpaginated, no. 20, ill.

"Hendrick Terbrugghen: Hollands Lebenslust." Pan: Zeitschrift für Kunst und Kultur. (January 1988) p. 14-15, ill.

Bauer, Linda Freeman. "Seventeenth-Century Naturalism and the Emblematic Interpretation of Paintings." Emblematica, 3, no. 2. (1988) pp. 214-15.

Benedict, Nicolson. Caravaggism in Europe, 2nd ed. (Turin: 1989) vol. 1, p. 189, no. 1162; vol. 2, fig. 1162.

Bann, Stephen. The True Vine, on Visual Representation and the Western Tradition. (Cambridge: 1989) pp. 84-85, ill.

Hecht, Peter. "Het veranderende beeld Nederlandse schilderkunst in Washington en Malibu." Kunstschrift 34 (September-October 1990) pp. 26, 28, fig. 20.

Sutton, Peter C. "Recent Patterns of Public and Private Collecting of Dutch Art." In Great Dutch Paintings from America, exh. cat. Ben Broos, et al., eds. (The Hague: Mauritshuis, with Waanders, 1990) p. 107.

van Wijnen, Jan Fred. "Musea willen altijd meer." Kunstschrift, 34. (September-October 1990) p. 3, ill.

Bauer, Linda Freeman. "Moral Choice in Some Paintings by Caravaggio and his Followers." Art Bulletin 73, no. 3 (September 1991) pp. 391-98, ill.

Suchtelen, Ariane van. "Hendrik ter Brugghen's 'Bacchante with an Ape': The Painter's Working Method and Theme." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 19 (1991) pp. 35-42, figs. 1,2.

Koch-Hillebrecht, Manfred. Museen in den USA: Gemälde (Munich: Hirmer Verlag, 1992) p. 276, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1995) unpaginated, no. 22, ill., entry by Burton B. Fredericksen.

Ferino-Pagden, Sylvia. "Immagini del Sentire: i cinque sensi nell'arte," exhib. cat. Città di Cremona. (Cremona: 1996) pp. 43-44, fig. 21.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 19, ill.

Spicer, Joaneath A., and Lynn Federle Orr. Masters of Light: Dutch Painters in Utrecht during the Golden Age, exh. cat. (Baltimore: The Walters Art Gallery, with Yale University Press, 1997) pp. 260-61, fig. 1.

Ketelsen, Thomas. "Erigone. Ein phantasmatisches Szenario des Begehrens." in Niederdeutsche Beiträge zur Kunstgeschichte, vol. 37. (1998) pp. 150-51, fig. 17.

Slatkes, Leonard J. 'Utrecht and Delft: Vermeer and Caravaggism'. Studies in the History of Art 55, no. 33 (1998) pp. 83, 86, fig. 7.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001) p. 116, ill.

Southgate, M. Therese, MD. "On the Cover," The Journal of the American Medical Association, March 10, 2004, vol. 291, no. 10 p. 1171, cover ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007) p. 108, ill.

Sander, Jochen, Bastian Eclercy and Gabriel Dette, eds. Caravaggio in Holland: Musik und Genre bei Caravaggio und den Utrechter Caravaggisten, exh. cat. (Frankfurt: Städel Museum, 2009) pp. 146, 158.

Schepers, Bert. "Den simmen dronckaert: over apenstreken en drinkcultuur in de vroegmoderne Nederlanden." In De kunst van het drinken: herberg- en drinkscènes in de Belgische schilderkunst, exh. cat. (Hasselt: Nationaal Jenevermuseum, 2011) pp. 62-63, fig. 36.

Related Media
  • /
    Audio: Baccante with an Ape