The J. Paul Getty Museum

Grave Naiskos of Demainete with an Attendant Holding a Partridge

Object Details

Title:

Grave Naiskos of Demainete with an Attendant Holding a Partridge

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Greek

Place:

Greece (Attica) (Place Created)

Date:

about 310 B.C.

Medium:

Marble

Object Number:

75.AA.63

Dimensions:

96.5 × 47.5 × 15 cm, 80.3 kg (38 × 18 11/16 × 5 7/8 in., 177 lb.)

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Object Description

Taking the form of a shallow naiskos, or three-sided funerary monument, this Greek relief sculpture once marked the grave of a little girl. The relief depicts the girl standing on the right attended by a servant. The short hair and long-sleeved garment of the attendant identify her as a slave. The inscription running over their heads identifies the girl as Demainete, the daughter of Prokles. Both Demainete's hairstyle and the shoulder cords of her dress are signs of her youth.

She holds a bird in her now damaged right hand and the servant cradles another large, fat bird, probably a partridge. Although the meaning is not known for certain, young girls frequently hold birds on funerary monuments. The depiction may be a simple reference to a beloved pet, or it may have some deeper symbolic meaning representing the life or soul of the child. The size of the monument, the quality of the carving, and the individual touches included, such as the two types of birds, indicate that Demainete came from a wealthy and prominent Athenian family.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1975

Nicolas Koutoulakis, 1910 - 1996 (Geneva, Switzerland), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past (August 23, 2003 to December 5, 2004) (Girl Demainete)
  • Hood Museum of Art (Hanover), August 23 to December 14, 2003
  • Cincinnati Art Museum (Cincinnati), May 21 to August 1, 2004
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), September 14 to December 5, 2004
Bibliography
Bibliography

Frel, Jiří. Recent Acquisitions of Antiquities: The J. Paul Getty Museum. June 1 - September 3, 1976. Exhibition brochure. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976), p. 3, no. 2.

Frel, Jiří. Antiquities in the J. Paul Getty Museum: A Checklist; Sculpture I: Greek Originals (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1979), p. 22, no. 84.

Frel, Jiří. Antiquities in the J. Paul Getty Museum: A Checklist; Sculpture II: Greek Portraits and Varia (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, November 1979), corrigendum, p. 43, no. 84.

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, 33. Leiden: 1983, 222.

Butz, Patricia. Exequial paleographics: A catalogue of the later inscriptions in Greek on the funerary stones of the J. Paul Getty Museum. MA thesis. (University of Southern California, 1987), Appendix B, p. 207.

Vierneisel-Schlorb, B. Klassische Grabdenkmaeler und Votivreliefs. Munich: 1988, p. 137n7.

Clairmont, Christoph W. Classical Attic Tombstones. (Kilchberg, Switzerland: Akanthus, 1993), vol. 1, pp. 200-1, no. 0.909.

Osborne, M.J., and Byrne, S.G., eds., A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names, vol.2, Attica (Oxford, 1994) p. 324, p. 103, no. 10, p. 381, no. 59.

Bodel, John, and Stephen Tracy. Greek and Latin Inscriptions in the USA: A Checklist (New York: American Academy in Rome, 1997), p. 6.

Bergemann, Johannes. Demos and Thanatos. Untersuchungen zum Wertsystem der Polis im Spiegel der attischen Grabreliefs des 4. Jahrhunderts v.Chr. und zur Funktion der gleichzeitigen Grabbauten. Munich: 1997, p. 177, no. 698; cat. 0.909.

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Greek Funerary Sculpture: Catalogue of the Collections at the Getty Villa (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 69-70, cat. no. 24.

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Looking at Greek and Roman Sculpture in Stone (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), pp. 97, ill.

Neils, Jenifer and John H. Oakley, eds. Coming of Age in Ancient Greece: Images of Childhood from the Classical Past, exh. cat. (Hanover, NH: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College).

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Funerary Sculpture. The Athenian Agora, v. 35. Princeton, NJ: American School of Classical Studies at Athens. 2013, pp. 22, fig. 4.

Meyer, Marion. "Was ist ein Mädchen? Der Blick auf die weibliche Jugend im klassischen Athen." In Mädchen im Altertum/Girls in Antiquity, Susanne Moraw and Ana Kieburg, eds. (Münster: Waxmann 2014), 228, fig. 8.