Portrait of Maria Frederike van Reede-Athlone at Seven Years of Age

Object Details

Title:

Portrait of Maria Frederike van Reede-Athlone at Seven Years of Age

Artist/Maker(s):

Jean-Étienne Liotard (Swiss, 1702 - 1789)

Culture:

Swiss

Date:

1755 - 1756

Medium:

Pastel on vellum

Dimensions:

54.9 x 44.8 cm (21 5/8 x 17 5/8 in.)

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Changing attitudes towards children and the emergence of a large middle class in eighteenth-century Europe increased the demand for portraits of children such as this one. Maria Frederike, the seven-year-old daughter of an aristocratic Dutch family, looks off to the side in a three-quarter view. Lost in thought, she is composed yet somewhat shy in comparison to her dog, who stares out with unabashed curiosity. With startling naturalism, Jean-Étienne Liotard captured her youth and beauty, setting off her eyebrows, lashes, and lustrous hair against her soft, fresh complexion.

Liotard developed remarkable technical skills in the difficult medium of pastels. Brilliantly describing surfaces and defining volume through subtle gradations of color, he depicted forms, textures, and the play of light with great immediacy. He favored using pastels, especially for portraits of children, because they could be manipulated with greater speed and ease, had no odor, and allowed for frequent interruptions.

Provenance
1755/1756 -

Louise Isabella Hermeline (van Wassenaar) van Reede-Athlone, commissioned from the artist, 1755/1756; by inheritance or by gift to her daughter, Maria Frederike (van Reede-Athlone) van Heiden-Reinestein.

- 1807

Maria Frederike (van Reede-Athlone) van Heiden-Reinestein, 1748 - 1807, by inheritance within the van Heiden-Reinestein family.

1807 - 1983

Van Heiden-Reinestein Family (The Hague, The Netherlands), sold through S. Nystad Oude Kunst B.V. (The Hague, Netherlands) to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Exhibitions
Tentoonstelling van pastels uit drie eeuwen (1934) (Cat. 27)
  • Willet Holthuysen Museum, (Amsterdam), 1934
Bibliography

Humbert, Edouard, Alphonse Revilliod, and J. W. R. Tilanus. La Vie et les oeuvres de Jean-Etienne Liotard (1702-1789) (Amsterdam: C. M. Van Gogh, 1897), p. 121, no. 51.

Moes, Ernst Wilhelm. Iconographia Batava: Beredeneerde lijst van geschilderde en gebeeldhouwde portretten van Noord-Nederlanders in vorige eeuwen. 2 vols. (Amsterdam: Frederick Muller & Co., 1897-1905), vol. 2 (1905), p. 256, no. 6272.

Fosca, François. Liotard (1702-1789) (Paris: André Delpeuch, 1928), p. 157.

Tentoonstelling van pastels uit drie eeuwen, exh. cat. (Amsterdam: Museum Willet Holthuysen, 1934), p. 16, no. 27, ill. facing p. 5.

Trivas, Numa. Catalogue raisonné of the works of Jean-Etienne Liotard (unpublished typescript), 1936, Geneva, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, p. 279, no. 192.

Staring, Adolph. Fransche kunstenaars en hun Hollandsche modellen in de 18de en in den aanvang der 19de eeuw (The Hague: A. A. M. Stols, 1947), pp. 28, 31, fig. 10, cover ill.

Loche, Renée, and Marcel Roethlisberger. L'opera completa di Liotard (Milan: Rizzoli, 1978), p. 106, no. 191, ill.

Grijzenhout, Frans. Liotard in Nederland, exh. cat. (Utrecht: Centraal Museum, with Kwadraat, 1985), pp. 37, 99, 121-23, 179, no. 41, ill.

Reinewald, Chris. "Musea en Galeries in Amerika. Het Getty Museum: Een Romeinse villa aan de Pacific Coast." Tableau 9, no. 4 (February 1987), pp. 65, 67, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Rev. ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), unpaginated, no. 47, ill.

Roethlisberger, Marcel. "The Unseen Faces of Jean-Etienne Liotard's Drawings." Drawing 11, no. 5 (January-February 1990), p. 98.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1995), unpaginated, no. 43, ill., entry by Burton B. Fredericksen.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 74, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 142, ill.

West, Shearer. Portraiture (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), pp. 60-61, fig. 31.

Cartsen, Robert K. "The Best Pastel Collections in the U.S." The Pastel Journal, no. 46 (October 2006), p. 48, ill.

Roethlisberger, Marcel, and Renée Loche. Liotard: catalogue, sources et correspondance. 2 vols. (Doornspijk: Davaco, 2008), vol. 1, pp. 479-80, no. 319; vol. 2, fig. 461, cover ill.

Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

Picture a Character

Students write descriptions and use a variety of media to create portraits of characters from the fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; History–Social Science

3-5

Three/Five-Part Lesson

Expressing Emotions through Art Lesson 1-Everyone Shows They Care

In this lesson students connect their feelings about caring for something with similar feelings expressed in works of art.

Visual Arts

K-2

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