The J. Paul Getty Museum

Statue of Jupiter (Marbury Hall Zeus)

Object Details


Statue of Jupiter (Marbury Hall Zeus)






100–1 B.C.



Object Number:



207 × 100 × 62.5 cm (81 1/2 × 39 3/8 × 24 5/8 in.)

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Object Description

Portrayed as a mature bearded man, Zeus sits enthroned in his role as king of the gods. Originally he would have held his attributes: a scepter and a thunderbolt. The colossal god towers over his mortal observers. Documented in the 1570s at Tivoli near Rome, the statue once decorated the gardens of the Villa d'Este. It is named for having been in the collection at Marbury Hall in England.

Although it was carved in a Roman workshop in the first century A.D., the inspiration for this image of Jupiter was a Greek sculpture of the 430s B.C., the monumental gold and ivory statue of Zeus created by the sculptor Pheidias (active 470-420 B.C.) for Zeus's temple at Olympia. Pheidias's Zeus was renowned in antiquity; as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, many ancient writers praised it and numerous sculptors copied it.

by 1572

Cardinal Ippolito II d'Este, Italian, 1509 - 1572 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy), the statue was displayed at the entrance to the garden at Villa d'Este. By inheritance to his nephew, Cardinal Luigi d'Este, 1572.

1572 - 1586

Cardinal Luigi d'Este, Italian, 1538 - 1586 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy), Villa d'Este and its contents seized by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, 1586.

1586 - 1589

Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, Dean of the Sacred College, Italian, 1520 - 1589 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy), by inheritance to successive deans of the Sacred College, 1589. Seized by Cardinal Alessandro d'Este, by 1605.

by 1605 - 1624

Cardinal Alessandro d'Este, Italian, 1568 - 1624 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy), by 1611 the statue had been relocated to the center niche of the Fontana dei Draghi in the gardens of the Villa d'Este where it remained until it was purchased by Henry Tresham (1778).

by 1632

Francesco I d'Este, Duke of Modena and Reggio, Italian, 1610 - 1658 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy)


Cardinal Rinaldo d'Este, Italian, 1618 - 1672 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy)

by 1675 - still in 1685

Francesco II d'Este, Duke of Modena, Italian, 1660 - 1694 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli, Italy)

- 1778

Henry Tresham, Irish, about 1751 - 1814, sold to Gavin Hamilton, 1778.

1778 - 1781

Gavin Hamilton, British, 1723 - 1798 (Rome, Italy), sold to James Hugh Smith Barry, 1781.

1781 - 1801

James Hugh Smith Barry, British, 1746? - 1801 (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England), by inheritance to his son, John Smith Barry, 1801.

1801 - 1837

John Smith Barry, English, 1793 - 1837 (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England), by inheritance to his son, James Hugh Smith Barry, 1837.

1837 - 1856

James Hugh Smith Barry, English, 1816 - 1856 (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England), by inheritance to his son, Arthur Hugh Smith Barry, 1856.

1856 - 1925

Arthur Hugh Smith Barry, 1st Baron Barrymore, English, 1843 - 1925 (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England), by inheritance to his nephew, Robert Raymond Smith Barry, 1925.

1925 - 1932

Robert Raymond Smith Barry, English, 1886 - 1949 (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England), sold to T. Place, 1932.

1932 - 1933

T. Place (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England), sold to George Smith, 1933.

1933 - 1948

George Smith (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England), sold to Imperial Chemical Industries, 1948.

1948 -

Imperial Chemical Industries (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England)

by 1956

Miss E. Parsons (Marbury Hall, Cheshire, England)

- 1973

Michel Dumez-Onof (London, England), by partial credit and partial purchase, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1973.

Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004

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Vermeule, Cornelius C. "The Heroic Graeco-Roman Zeus from the Villa d'Este and Marbury Hall: A Cult Image Created after a Major Hellenistic (Pergamene) Prototype." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 5 (1977), pp. 43-44.

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Vermeule, Cornelius C. Divinities and Mythological Scenes in Greek Imperial Art (Cambridge, MA: n.p., 1983), fig. 46.

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Education Resources
Education Resources

Education Resource




Giants of the Past

Students create paper sculptures based on Greek and Roman sculptures, and write stories told from the viewpoint of their sculptures.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts


Three/Five-Part Lesson

Ancient Greek & Roman Talk Show

Lesson in which students research and study artworks that depict Greek and Roman deities and present a mock TV talk show with the deities.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; History–Social Science

6-8; 9-12

Three/Five-Part Lesson