Houses at Bougival (Autumn)

Object Details

Title:

Houses at Bougival (Autumn)

Artist/Maker(s):

Camille Pissarro (French, 1830 - 1903)

Culture:

French

Place(s):

France (Place created)

Date:

1870

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

88.9 x 116.2 cm (35 x 45 3/4 in.)

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Within a few hundred yards of his home, Camille Pissarro painted a view of peasants working in a shady, wooded garden alongside a group of village houses. In the foreground, a woman carrying a bucket pauses to talk with a young boy carrying his school satchel over his shoulder. The gray sky and the trees losing their leaves indicate autumn.

Painting in the open air alongside Claude Monet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Pissarro followed a new practice of breaking up surfaces with loosely placed brushstrokes. This revolutionary technique, the cornerstone of Impressionism, helps to reveal how light and movement affect the perception of objects. Pissarro made the canvas a field of textures and movement; the character of the brushstroke varies according to the texture and form of the object it describes. For example, the haystack is painted with straw-shaped brushstrokes, the leaves are suggested by jagged daubs of paint, and the stucco walls are depicted with broad, smooth strokes.

Provenance
1873 - 1891

Durand-Ruel & Cie, consigned by the artist, 1873; sold to P. A. B. Widener, 1891.

1891 - 1906

Peter Arrell Brown Widener, 1834 - 1915 (Elkins Park, Pennsylvania), sold to Durand - Ruel & Cie, 1906.

1906 - 1934

Durand-Ruel & Cie (New York, New York; Paris, France), sold to Mme. Henri Goldet, 1934.

1934 -

Mme. Henri Goldet, by inheritance to Roger Goldet.

- 1979

Roger Goldet [sold, Sotheby's, London, December 5, 1979, lot 15.]

Pierre Jourdan-Barry

- 1982

Brame-Lorenceau (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1982.

Exhibitions
1870 Salon (May 1 to June 20, 1870) (Cat. 2290; possibly Getty painting)
  • Palais des Champs-Elysées, (Paris), May 1 to June 20, 1870
Celebrated Paintings by Great French Masters (May 25 to June 30, 1887) (Cat. 170)
  • National Academy of Design Museum, (New York), May 25 to June 30, 1887
Eleventh Annual Exhibition (April 11 to June 13, 1907) (Cat. 375)
  • Carnegie Institute, (Pittsburgh), April 11 to June 13, 1907
Special Exhibition of Paintings by the Masters of the Modern French School (February 11 to March 5, 1911) (Cat. 30)
  • The Corcoran Gallery of Art, (Washington), February 11 to March 5, 1911
Impressionist Paintings (January 20 to 31, 1913) (Cat. 16)
  • Saint Botolph Club, (Boston), January 20 to January 31, 1913
Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915) (Cat. 2819)
  • Panama-Pacific International Exposition (San Francisco), 1915
Paintings By Camille Pissarro (January 27 to February 12, 1916) (Cat. 1)
  • Galerie Durand-Ruel (New York), January 27 to February 12, 1916
Exhibition of Paintings by Modern French Masters, Lent by Durand-Ruel Galleries, New York City (December 2 to December 30, 1917) (Cat. 14)
  • Worcester Art Museum, (Worcester), December 2 to December 30, 1917
exhibition (title unknown) (October to November, 1919) (Cat. 14)
  • Mattatuck Historical Society, (Waterbury), October to November, 1919
French Impressionist Paintings (March 1 to March 31, 1923) (Cat. 27)
  • The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, (Minneapolis), March 1 to March 31, 1923
Paintings by El Greco, Cuyp, Bol, Corot, Delacroix, Manet, Degas, Gauguin, Renoir, Pissarro (March 1 to ?, 1924) (Cat. 12)
  • Galerie Durand-Ruel (New York), 1924
Paintings By Modern French Masters (June 1924) (Cat. 29)
  • Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, (Columbus), June to June, 1924
Paintings by Modern French Masters (January 6 to January 8, 1925) (Cat. 21)
  • Union League Club, (New York), January 6 to January 8, 1925
French Paintings (February 1925) (Cat. 10)
  • Taylor Art Gallery (Vassar College), February to February, 1925
Centenaire de la naissance de Camille Pissarro (February to March, 1930) (Cat. 8bis)
  • Musée de l'Orangerie, (Paris), February to March, 1930
Paysages par Claude Monet, Camille Pissarro, Renoir et Sisley (January 14 to January 31, 1933) (Cat. 11)
  • Galerie Durand-Ruel (Paris), 1933
Exposition Camille Pissarro, organisée au profit de la Société des Amis du Louvre (June 26 to September 14, 1956) (Cat. 8)
  • Galerie Durand-Ruel (Paris), June 26 to September 14, 1956
C. Pissarro, 1830-1903 (May 29 to September 28, 1962) (Cat. 1)
  • Galerie Durand-Ruel (Paris), May 29 to September 28, 1962
A Day in the Country: Impressionism and the French Landscape / L'impressionnisme et le paysage français (June 28, 1984 to April 22, 1985) (Cat. 16)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, (Los Angeles), June 28 to September 16, 1984
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, October 23, 1984 to January 6, 1985
  • Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, (Paris), February 8 to April 22, 1985
Camille Pissarro, Impressionist Innovator (October 11, 1994 to July 16, 1995) (Cat. 28)
  • The Israel Museum (Jerusalem), October 11, 1994 to February 9, 1995
  • The Jewish Museum, (New York), February 26 to July 16, 1995
Camille Pissarro (November 19, 2005 to May 28, 2006) (Cat. 11)
  • Art Gallery of New South Wales, (Sydney), November 19, 2005 to February 19, 2006
  • National Gallery of Victoria, (Melbourne), March 4 to May 28, 2006
Camille Pissarro: Creating the Impressionist Landscape (February 11, 2007 to January 6, 2008) (Cat. 19)
  • The Baltimore Museum of Art, (Baltimore), February 11 to May 13, 2007
Pissarro - Father of Impressionism (October 12, 2014 to February 22, 2015) (234)
  • Von der Heydt-Museum, (Wuppertal), October 12, 2014 to February 22, 2015
Bibliography

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Yerkes, Charles T. Catalogue of Paintings Forming the Private Collection of P. A. B. Widener [...] Part 1. Modern Paintings (Paris: Goupil & Co., 1885-1900), no. 89.

Catalogue of Celebrated Paintings by Great French Masters [...], exh. cat. (New York: National Academy of Design, 1887), p. 42, no. 170.

Catalogue of the Eleventh Annual Exhibition at the Carnegie Institute [...], exh. cat. (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Institute, 1907), unpaginated, no. 375.

Special Exhibition of Paintings by the Masters of the Modern French School, exh. cat. (Washington, D.C.: Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1911), unpaginated, no. 30.

Official Catalogue (Illustrated) of the Department of Fine Arts, Panama-Pacific International Exposition [...], exh. cat. (San Francisco: Wahlgreen, 1915), p. 58, no. 2819.

Exhibition of Paintings by Modern French Masters, Lent by Durand-Ruel Galleries, New York City, exh. cat. (Worcester, MA: Worcester Art Museum, 1917), unpaginated, no. 14.

Paintings by Modern French Masters [...], exh. cat. (Columbus, OH: Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, 1924), unpaginated, no. 29.

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Venturi, Lionello, and Ludovic Rodo Pissarro. Camille Pissarro: son art, son oeuvre (Paris: Paul Rosenberg, 1939), vol. 1, p. 91, no. 87; vol. 2, pl. 17, no. 87.

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C. Pissarro, 1830-1903, exh. cat. (Paris: Durand-Ruel, 1962), unpaginated, no. 1, ill.

Sotheby's, London. Catalogue of Important Impressionist and Modern Paintings. December 5, 1979, unpaginated, lot 15, ill.

Art at Auction: The Year at Sotheby Parke Bernet (1979-1980), p. 98, ill.

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