Two Watermills and an Open Sluice

Object Details

Title:

Two Watermills and an Open Sluice

Artist/Maker(s):

Jacob van Ruisdael (Dutch, 1628/1629 - 1682)

Culture:

Dutch

Date:

1653

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

66.4 x 84.1 cm (26 1/8 x 33 1/8 in.)

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Jacob van Ruisdael captured the tension between nature's power and human needs. Glimpsed from the bank of a stream amid thick foliage, turbulent waters rush through an open sluice. Inclement weather is suggested by the dark clouds; uneven, craggy branches and spreading trees grow on either side of the river. Against the ominous sky, the buildings appear solid and sturdy, and a solitary male figure with his dog seems dwarfed by the natural setting. Sunlight breaks through the heavily clouded sky and settles on the central motif of the two half-timber thatched millhouses.

When he was in his early twenties, Ruisdael traveled to Germany from his native Haarlem. He became captivated by watermills on his travels and painted a series of views featuring them as a central motif. This painting is one of six known variations on this theme and the only one that is dated.

Provenance
- 1833

Johann Goll van Franckenstein the Elder, 1722 - 1785 [sold, Goll van Franckenstein sale, De Vries, Brondgeest, Engelberts, & Roos, Amsterdam, July 1, 1833, lot 70, through Clarke (or "Clerck") for Lambert Jan Nieuwenhuys.]

1833 -

Lambert Jan van Nieuwenhuys (Brussels, Belgium; London, England)

- 1848

Casimir Périer (Paris, France) [sold, Périer sale, Christie and Manson, London, May 5, 1848, lot 13, to John Dunn Gardner.]

1848 - 1854

John Dunn Gardner (Bottisham Hall, Cambridgeshire, England) [sold, Gardner sale, Christie and Manson, London, March 25, 1854, lot 71, to Brown.]

1854 -

Brown (dealer), sold to Edmund Foster.

by 1857 - 1862

Edmund Foster, died 1862 (Clewer Manor, Berkshire, England), probably by inheritance to Richard Foster, 1862.

probably by 1862 - 1876

Richard Foster (Clewer Manor, Berkshire, England) [sold, Foster sale, Christie, Manson & Woods, London, June 3, 1876, lot 13, to Durlacher.]

1876

Durlacher Brothers (London, England; New York, New York), sold to Alfred (Charles) de Rothschild, 1876.

1876 -

Alfred (Charles) de Rothschild, 1842 - 1918 (Halton, Hertfordshire, England)

Baronin Mathilde von Rothschild, 1832 - 1924 (Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany; Paris, France)

about 1923/25 -

Blumenreich (dealer) (Berlin, Germany)

by 1927

Kleykamp (The Hague, The Netherlands)

by 1928

H. M. Clark (London, England)

by 1945

Private Collection (Switzerland)

- 1980

Private Collection (The Netherlands) [sold, Christie's, Laren, October 20, 1980, lot 252, to Galerie Hoogsteder.]

1980 -

Galerie Hoogsteder (The Hague, The Netherlands), sold to Manfred R. Mayer.

- 1982

Manfred R. Mayer, Esq. (The Netherlands), sold through Galerie Hoogsteder (The Hague, The Netherlands) to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1982.

Exhibitions
Tentoonstelling van schilderijen door oud-hollandsche en vlaamsche meesters (1927) (Cat. 34)
  • Koninklijke Kunstzaal Kleykamp, (The Hague), 1927
Meisterwerke holländischer Malerei des 16. bis 18. Jahrhunderts (June 28 to August 19, 1945) (Cat. 79)
  • Öffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel, June 28 to September 19, 1945
Jacob van Ruisdael (October 1, 1981 to April 11, 1982) (Cat. 23)
  • Mauritshuis, (The Hague), October 1, 1981 to January 3, 1982
  • Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, (Cambridge), January 18 to April 11, 1982
Masters of 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting (October 2, 1987 to July 31, 1988) (Cat. 81)
  • Rijksmuseum, (Amsterdam), October 2, 1987 to January 3, 1988
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, February 3 to May 1, 1988
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, (Philadelphia), June 5 to July 31, 1988
El siglo de oro del paisaje holandés / The Golden Age of Dutch Landscape Painting (October 10, 1994 to February 12, 1995) (Cat. 54)
  • Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection Foundation, (Madrid), October 10, 1994 to February 12, 1995
Jacob van Ruisdael: Master of Landscape (June 26, 2005 to June 4, 2006) (Cat. 17)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, (Los Angeles), June 26 to September 18, 2005
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, (Philadelphia), October 23, 2005 to February 5, 2006
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), February 25 to June 4, 2006
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