The Crucifixion

Object Details

Title:

The Crucifixion

Artist/Maker(s):

Dreux Budé Master, possibly André d'Ypres (French, active by 1425/26, died 1450)

Culture:

French

Place(s):

France (Place created)

Date:

before 1450

Medium:

Oil on panel

Dimensions:

48.6 x 71.1 cm (19 1/8 x 28 in.)

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This crowded and colorful panel displays the story of Christ's Crucifixion along with episodes of damnation and salvation. At the left, Christ carries the cross and Veronica hands him her veil. In the center, Christ's broken body hangs on the cross between the two thieves. At the base of the cross, the Virgin Mary swoons as Saint John the Evangelist and Mary Magdalene try to assist her. Next to them, greedy soldiers throw dice to determine who will get Christ's robes. At the top right, a voracious monster devours souls, while other souls boil to death in the fiery caldron. Below, Christ descends into Limbo to rescue Adam and Eve.

This complex narrative was once the central panel of a portable, three-part altarpiece devoted to Christ's Passion.

Provenance
- 1978

Paulet (Paris, France) [sold, Palais des Congrès, Versailles, November 19, 1978, lot 88, to Heim Gallery.]

1978 - 1979

Heim Gallery (Paris) (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1979.

Exhibitions
French Manuscript Illumination in the Middle Ages (January 23 to April 15, 2007)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), January 23 to April 15, 2007, (Cat.)
Kings, Queens, and Courtiers: Art in Early Renaissance France (February 26 to May 29, 2011)
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, February 26 to May 29, 2011, (Cat. 7)
Heaven, Hell, and Dying Well: Images of Death in the Middle Ages (May 29 to August 12, 2012)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), May 29 to August 12, 2012, (Cat.)
Bibliography

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), p. 60, ill.

Avril, François, and Nicole Reynaud, eds. Les manuscrits à peintures en France 1440-1520, exh. cat. (Paris: Bibliothèque Nationale, 1993), p. 53.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 82, ill.