Portrait Statue of a Woman

Object Details


Portrait Statue of a Woman






Roman Empire (Place created)


about 120 - 130




114.3 × 49 × 32.5 cm (45 × 19 5/16 × 12 13/16 in.)

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This fragmentary full-length Roman portrait statue depicts a woman wrapped in a mantle. Her smooth, delicate facial features suggest a young woman, or at least a woman carved in an ageless, Classicizing style. Her distinctive hairstyle allows scholars to date this statue to the period from about A.D. 120 to 130. Women throughout the Empire adopted this style with the hair pulled back from the face and the long hair wrapped in braids around the back of the head in imitation of the women of the Imperial family.

The woman's somewhat individualized features are added onto a standard body type. In fact, the head was made separately from a finer grained marble and inserted into the carved body. Scholars refer to this body type as a "Small Herculaneum Woman," named after a statue found in Herculaneum. This Small Herculaneum Woman type and the so-called Large Herculaneum Woman type, became popular vehicles for portraits in the first two centuries A.D., particularly during the Antonine dynasty (A.D. 138-193), and are probably the most numerous surviving ancient statue types for women. They were especially popular for statues honoring women of local elite families in the eastern areas of the Roman Empire.

by 1971 - 1972

Robin Symes, Limited (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972.

Caesars and Citizens: Roman Portrait Sculpture from the J. Paul Getty Museum (April 26, 1981 to February 28, 1982)
  • Philbrook Museum of Art (Tulsa), April 26 to July 12, 1981
  • Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery (Austin), September 17 to December 6, 1981
  • Phoenix Art Museum (Phoenix), January 6 to February 28, 1982
Herculaneum Women Installation (November 8, 2007 to October 13, 2008)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa (Malibu), November 8, 2007 to October 13, 2008

The J. Paul Getty Collection, exh. cat. (Minneapolis: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1972), no. 9, pl. 9.

Frel, Jirí, and Elizabeth Buckley. Greek and Roman Portraits in the J. Paul Getty Museum. exh. cat. California State University at Northridge, October 16-November 11, 1973 (1973), no. 29, ill.

Vermeule, Cornelius, and Norman Neuerberg. Catalogue of the Ancient Art in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1973), p. 29, no. 61, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 57.

Inan, Jale, and Elisabeth Alföldi-Rosenbaum. Römische und frühbyzantinische Porträtplastik aus der Türkei: neue Funde. (Mainz am Rhein : von Zabern, 1979), p. 331, no. 330; pls. 237, 3; 239.

Nagle, C. Brendan. The Ancient World: A Social and Cultural History. (Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall,1979), p. 317, ill.

Frel, Jirí. In collaboration with Sandra Knudsen Morgan. Roman Portraits in the Getty Museum. Exh. cat. for "Caesars and Citizens," Philbrook Art Center, Tulsa, Oklahoma, April 26-July 12, 1981, pp. 66-67, 126, no. 51, ill.

Vermeule, Cornelius C. Greek and Roman Sculpture in America (Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1981), no. 271.

Margolis, Stanley, and William Showers. "Ancient Greek and Roman Marble Sculpture: Authentication, Weathering, and Provenance Determination," Marble. Art Historical and Scientific Perspectives on Ancient Sculpture. Papers Delivered at a Symposium at the J. Paul Getty Museum, April 28-30, 1988, pp. 283-299. Malibu: 1990, p. 286, Table 1, no. 5.

Borg, Barbara. Mumienporträts: Chronologie und kultureller Kontext (Mainz: Ph. von Zabern, 1996), p. 40, n. 131; pl. 63,3.

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Looking at Greek and Roman Sculpture in Stone (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), P. 56, both extensions published, ill.

Alexandridis, Annetta. Die Frauen des Romischen Kaiserhauses: Eine Untersuchung ihrer bildlichen Darstellung von Livia bis Iulia Domna (Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 2004), p. 245, A 59.