Court of the Dances, Alcázar, Sevilla

Object Details

Title:

Court of the Dances, Alcázar, Sevilla

Artist/Maker(s):

Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida (Spanish, 1863 - 1923)

Culture:

Spanish

Date:

1910

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

95.3 x 63.5 cm (37 1/2 x 25 in.)

See more

See less

This is one of a series of four paintings of townscapes and garden scenes in Seville that Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida painted in 1910. Two years earlier, he had made a similar series of views in the same city. While he retained the brilliance and atmosphere of his 1908 Seville paintings, he seems to have approached this second series in a more traditional manner.

The courtyard of Seville's Alcázar Palace, the city's most splendid example of Moorish architecture, sparkles in the dappled summer sunlight. As always, Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida was concerned with color and light, brilliance and atmosphere. The colored reflections of the light animate the scene and help to define the forms, creating a sense that nature is ever-changing.

Sorolla originally chose this frame, made by the firm of José Cano, which still exists in Madrid, for the picture. Photographs show the same type of gilt frame hanging in Sorolla's studio and house during his lifetime.

Provenance
1911 - 1928

Thomas Fortune Ryan, 1851 - 1928 (New York, New York), purchased from the artist, 1911; upon his death, held in trust by the Guaranty Trust Company of New York.

1928 - 1933

Guaranty Trust Company of New York [sold, Ryan sale, American Art Association, New York, November 24, 1933, lot 268, to J. Paul Getty.]

1933 - 1976

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976 (Malibu, California; Sutton Place, Surrey, England), upon his death, held in trust by the estate.

1976 - 1979

Estate of J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976, distributed to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1979.

Exhibitions
Paintings by Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida under the Management of the Hispanic Society of America / A Collection of Oil Paintings by Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida, under the Auspices of the Hispanic Society of America (February 14 to April, 1911)
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, February 14 to March 12, 1911, (Cat. 46 / 45)
  • City Art Museum (St. Louis), March 22 to April, 1911, (Cat. 46 / 45)
The Painter Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (March 18 to November 26, 1989)
  • IBM Gallery, (New York), March 18 to May 14, 1989, (Cat. 55)
  • Saint Louis Art Museum, (Saint Louis), June 17 to August 13, 1989, (Cat. 55)
  • San Diego Museum of Art, (San Diego), September 23 to November 26, 1989, (Cat. 55)
Prelude to Spanish Modernism: Fortuny to Picasso / Preludio al modernismo español: de Fortuny a Picasso (August 21, 2005 to February 26, 2006)
  • The Albuquerque Museum, (Albuquerque), August 21 to November 27, 2005, (Cat. 48)
  • Meadows Museum and Gallery, Southern Methodist University, (Dallas), December 11, 2005 to February 26, 2006, (Cat. 48)
Sorolla and America (December 8, 2013 to January 11, 2015)
  • Meadows Museum and Gallery, Southern Methodist University, (Dallas), December 8, 2013 to April 20, 2014, (Cat. 81)
  • San Diego Museum of Art, (San Diego), May 30 to August 26, 2014, (Cat. 81)
  • Instituto de Cultura, Fundación MAPFRE, (Madrid), September 23, 2014 to January 11, 2015, (Cat. 81)
Bibliography

Catalogue of Paintings by Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida under the Management of the Hispanic Society of America, February 14 to March 12, 1911, exh. cat. (Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1911), no. 46.

A Collection of Oil Paintings by Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida, under the Auspices of the Hispanic Society of America, exh. cat. (St. Louis: City Art Museum, 1911), p. 33, no. 45.

American Art Association, New York. Gothic and Renaissance Art. Collection of the Late Thomas Fortune Ryan. November 23-25, 1933, p. 81, lot 268.

Pantorba, Bernardino de. La vida y la obra de Joaquín Sorolla: estudio biográfico y crítico (Madrid: Editorial Mayfe, 1953), p. 189, no. 1735 or 1736.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), pp. 14-15, 28.

Pantorba, Bernardino de. La vida y la obra de Joaquín Sorolla. 2nd ed., rev. (Madrid: Extensa, 1970), p. 195, no. 1735 or 1736.

Peel, Edmund, et al. The Painter Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida, exh. cat. (San Diego: San Diego Museum of Art, with Sotheby's Publications, 1989), pp. 168, 232, no. 55, ill.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 120, ill.

Roglán, Mark, et al. Prelude to Spanish Modernism: Fortuny to Picasso / Preludio al modernismo español: de Fortuny a Picasso, exh. cat. (Albuquerque: The Albuquerque Museum, 2005), pp. 222-23, no. 48, ill., entry by Mark Roglán.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. Joaquín Sorolla (Barcelona: Ediciones Polígrafa, 2005), pp. 216, 220, fig. 114.

Díez, José Luis, and Javier Barón, eds. Joaquín Sorolla, 1863-1923, exh. cat. (Madrid: Museo Nacional del Prado, 2009), pp. 412, 414, under no. 78, fig. 298.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. "Gardens Painted after 1908 Not on Display in the Exhibition." In Sorolla: Gardens of Light, exh. cat. (Ferrara: Palazzo dei Diamanti, with Ediciones El Viso, 2012), p. 206, ill.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. "Sorolla's Biography after 1902." In Sorolla: Gardens of Light, exh. cat. (Ferrara: Palazzo dei Diamanti, with Ediciones El Viso, 2012), p. 27n33.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca, and Mark A. Roglán. Sorolla and America, exh. cat. (Dallas: Meadows Museum, 2013), p. 217, no. 81, ill.

"Current Exhibitions [...] Sorolla and America." At the Meadows (Fall 2013), p. 14.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. "Preparing the 1911 Exhibitions." In Sorolla and America, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Dallas: Meadows Museum, 2013), p. 32.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. "Sorolla's Other American Patron: Thomas Fortune Ryan." In Sorolla and America, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Dallas: Meadows Museum, 2013), p. 203.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. "Chronology." In Sorolla and America, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Dallas: Meadows Museum, 2013), p. 295.

Roglán, Mark A. "Ryan and Sorolla: Rediscovering the Rich Life of an American Patron." In Sorolla and America. exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Dallas: Meadows Museum, 2013), pp. 76, 87n90.

Velasquez, Roxana. "Sorolla and Hispanism in California." In Sorolla and America, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Dallas: Meadows Museum, 2013), p. 111.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca, and Mark A. Roglán. Sorolla y Estados Unidos, exh. cat. (Madrid: Fundación Maphre, 2014), pp. 300-1, no. 82, ill.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. "Preparando las exposiciones de 1911." In Sorolla y Estados Unidos, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Madrid: Fundación Maphre, 2014), p. 36.

Roglán, Mark A. "Ryan y Sorolla. Semblanza de un mecenas estadounidense." In Sorolla y Estados Unidos, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Madrid: Fundación Maphre, 2014), pp. 87, 100n90.

Velasquez, Roxana. "Sorolla y el hispanismo de California." In Sorolla y Estados Unidos, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Madrid: Fundación Maphre, 2014), p. 132.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. "Introducción." In Sorolla y Estados Unidos, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Madrid: Fundación Maphre, 2014), p. 186.

Pons-Sorolla, Blanca. "Cronología." In Sorolla y Estados Unidos, exh. cat. Blanca Pons-Sorolla and Mark A. Roglán, eds. (Madrid: Fundación Maphre, 2014), p. 345.