Votive Relief to Zeus and Hera

Object Details

Title:

Votive Relief to Zeus and Hera

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Greek

Place:

Athens, Greece, Europe (Place created)

Date:

4th century B.C.

Medium:

Marble

Dimensions:

55.5 × 60.5 × 11.5 cm (21 7/8 × 23 13/16 × 4 1/2 in.)

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The relief is framed on the right by a pillar with base and capital supporting an entablature crowned by a flat roof composed of tiles; the left side of the relief has been broken off. A bearded Zeus wears a himation wrapped to leave his chest bare. He has a long pointed beard and his long hair is gathered up into a bun at the back of his head. Zeus faces left and extends a phiale towards another figure, now missing. The only evidence of this missing figure, probably a votary, is a left foot and hand and what is probably the neck and mouth of an oinochoe. The votary holds an olive branch in his left hand as he tips the oinochoe to pour an offering in the extended phiale held by Zeus. Standing behind Zeus is Hera, also facing left, who wears a peplos and mantle. She holds a long staff in her right hand. Her hair is styled in long ringlets falling onto both the front and back of her shoulders. She wears a diadem. The basic architectural form of this votive relief is in the style of reliefs of the fourth century B.C., but the style of the figures is archaizing, which suggests a later date in the Hellenistic period. The drapery with its stiff, linear patterns and swallow-tail folds is characteristic of this later archaistic style. The form of the frame and the general treatment of the figures are paralleled in a relief in Athens of the second century B.C. There appear to be small areas of cement adhering to the surface of the marble, indicating a possible re-use of the relief in a post-antique building.

Provenance
- 1971

Jeanette Brun, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1971.

Bibliography

The J. Paul Getty Collection, exh. cat. (Minneapolis: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1972), no. 3.

Vermeule, Cornelius, and Norman Neuerberg. Catalogue of the Ancient Art in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1973), pp. 14-15, no. 26, ill.

Frel, Jiří. Antiquities in the J. Paul Getty Museum: A Checklist; Sculpture I: Greek Originals (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1979), p. 14, no. 57.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese. "Hera." In Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae IV (1988), pp. 659-719, p. 289, no. 260.