Portrait of Marc de Villiers

Object Details

Title:

Portrait of Marc de Villiers

Artist/Maker:

Jacques-André-Joseph Aved (French, 1702 - 1766)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France, Europe (Place created)

Date:

1747

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Object Number:

79.PA.70

Dimensions:

148.6 × 114.9 cm (58 1/2 × 45 1/4 in.)

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Jacques-André-Joseph Aved created a sense of immediacy by depicting Marc de Villiers, a high government official to the court of Louis XV, leaning slightly forward while fixing the spectator with an intense gaze. Next to him an ornate desk is covered with parliamentary and state papers. Grasping the arm of the chair as if about to rise, Villiers holds a copy of Homer's Iliad in his right hand, giving the impression that he has been interrupted while reading. By appearing in his study and in casual dress, the sitter presents himself not only as a high-ranking official but also as a gentleman scholar.

Provenance
1747 - 1762

Marc de Villiers, 1671 - 1762 (Paris, France), commissioned from the artist, 1747; by inheritance to Jacques Étienne de Villiers, 1762.

1762 - still in 1786

Jacques Étienne de Villiers, born 1711, by inheritance to Marc Étienne de Villiers du Terrage, after 1786.

- 1819

Marc Étienne de Villiers du Terrage, 1742 - 1819, by inheritance to his eldest son, Paul Étienne de Villiers du Terrage, 1819.

1819 -

Viscount Paul Étienne de Villiers du Terrage, 1774 -1858, possibly by gift to his younger brother, René Édouard de Villiers du Terrage.

-

René Édouard de Villiers du Terrage, 1780 - 1855, possibly by inheritance to Aimé Édouard de Villiers du Terrage.

-

Aimé Édouard de Villiers du Terrage, born 1827

by 1935 -

Viscount de Villiers du Terrage, by inheritance to Jeanne-Marie de Villiers du Terrage.
Source: Wildenstein, "Premier supplément" (1935), p. 167.

- 1976

Jeanne-Marie de Villiers du Terrage, duchess of La Rochefoucauld, 1921 - 2004

- 1979

Maurice Segoura Gallery (New York, New York), sold through an intermediary to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1979.

Exhibitions
Salon of 1747 (August 1747)
  • Salon, Palais du Louvre (Paris), 1747
Eighteenth Century French Academic Art, Selected Works (June to August 1979)
  • Maurice Segoura Gallery (New York), June to August 1979
An Elegant Art: Fashion and Fantasy in the 18th Century (March 8 to June 2, 1983)
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Los Angeles), March 3 to June 2, 1983
A Magic Mirror: The Portrait in France, 1700 - 1900 (October 10, 1986 to January 25, 1987)
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, October 10, 1986 to January 25, 1987
Paris: Life & Luxury (April 26, 2011 to January 2, 2012)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), April 26 to August 7, 2011
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, September 18, 2011 to January 2, 2012
Bibliography

Explication des peintures, sculptures, et autres ouvrages de messieurs de l'Académie royale [...] dans le grand Salon du Louvre. Par le soins du Sieur Portail, de l'Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture, garde des plans & tableaux du roy, exh. cat. (Paris: Jacques-François Collombat, 1747), p. 18, no. 62.

[Le Blanc, Jean-Bernard]. Lettre sur l'exposition des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, &c. de l'année 1747 (n.p.: n.p., 1747), p. 83.

Wildenstein, Georges. Le peintre Aved, sa vie et son ouevre 1702-1766. 2 vols. (Paris: Les beaux-arts, édition d'études et de documents, 1922), vol. 1, p. 71, no. 107; vol. 2, p. 139, fig. 107.

Wildenstein, Georges. "Premier supplément à la biographie et au catalogue de J. A. J. Aved (1922-1935)." Gazette des beaux-arts, 6th ser., 13 (1935), pp. 167-69, fig. 6.

Spike, John T. "Current and Forthcoming Exhibitions: New York." The Burlington Magazine 121, no. 918 (September 1979), pp. 606, 608, fig. 78.

Maurice Segoura Gallery. Eighteenth Century French Academic Art: Selected Works, exh. cat. (New York: Maurice Segoura, 1979), pp. 25-26, fig. 6.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), unpaginated, no. 46, ill.

Shackelford, George T. M., and Mary Tavener Holmes. A Magic Mirror: The Portrait in France, 1700-1900, exh. cat. (Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1987), pp. 52-53, no. 10, ill.

Buettner, Stewart, and Reinhard G. Pauly. Great Composers, Great Artists: Portraits (Portland, OR: Amadeus Press, 1992), p. 34.

Marechal, Dominique. "Het portret van de familie de Villiers door Jan Bernard Duvivier, 1790." Brugge Stedelijke Musea & Museumvrienden, Museum Bulletin 15, no. 2 (May 1995), p. 4.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 4, ill.

Stein, Perrin. "Exoticism as Metaphor: 'Turquerie' in Eighteenth-Century French Art." Ph.D. diss. (Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, 1997), p. 147, fig. 66.

Stafford, Barbara Maria. Echo Objects: The Cognitive Work of Images (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2007), pp. 140-41, fig. 67.

Lespes, Michelle. "Jacques-André-Joseph Aved, portraitiste des Lumières." L'Estampille/L'Objet d'Art, no. 443 (February 2009), p. 76, ill.

Bremer-David, Charissa, ed. Paris: Life & Luxury in the Eighteenth Century, exh. cat. (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), p. 129, no. 76, entry by Emily Beeny.

DeJean, Joan. "A New Interiority: The Architecture of Privacy in Eighteenth-Century Paris." In Paris: Life & Luxury in the Eighteenth Century, exh. cat. Charissa Bremer-David, ed. (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2011), p. 48, fig. 30.

Thoisy-Dallem, Anne de. "La vieille robe de chambre de Diderot et les vêtements d'intérieur masculins au Siècle des lumières." La Revue des Musées de France. Revue du Louvre 1 (2016), pp. 66-75, fig. 14.

Zafran, Eric. Review of French Eighteenth-Century Paintings in American Museums. National Gallery of Art. Burlington Magazine 159, no. 1373 (August 2017), p. 669.