Statue of Aphrodite - Hygieia with Eros

Object Details

Title:

Statue of Aphrodite - Hygieia with Eros

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

Roman

Place(s):

Roman Empire (Place created)

Date:

200 - 250

Medium:

Marble

Dimensions:

175 x 53 x 35 cm (68 7/8 x 20 7/8 x 13 3/4 in.)

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Standing with her weight on one leg and clothed in a voluminous gown, this statue of a goddess looks off to her left. Her precise identity is uncertain because the figure displays elements connected with more than one deity: Hygieia, the goddess of health, and Aphrodite, the goddess of love. The presence of the small, sleeping Eros, the winged young god of love, who leans against her leg, and the goddess's hairstyle argue in favor of her identity as Aphrodite. Yet the dress the goddess wears and the snake she holds are more typical of Hygieia. Furthermore, the egg she holds, an emblem of Hygieia's father Asklepios, associates her with that goddess.

As a relative latecomer to the classical pantheon, Hygieia lacked a distinct mythology and hence definitive attributes. Frequently Hygieia was blended or merged with another goddess, both in cult practice and in depictions, and this combination may be represented here.

Provenance
- 1971

Royal Athena Galleries, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1971.

Exhibitions
Beyond Beauty: Antiquities as Evidence (December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999, (Cat.)
Bibliography

Selected Works from the Ancient Art Collection of the John (sic) Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, California (exh. cat.). The Pennsylvania State University College of Arts and Architecture, University Park, PA. no. 25.

Vermeule, Cornelius, and Norman Neuerberg. Catalogue of the Ancient Art in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Malibu: 1973. p. 21, no. 42.

Vermeule, C. C. "Greek, Roman, and Etruscan Sculptures: The Benjamin and Lucy Rowland Collection," Burlington Magazine, July 1974. pp. 398-410. p. 406, 409, ill. fig. 67 (cited as a comparison).

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 30.

Schauenburg, Konrad. "Portraets auf roemischen Sarkophagen," Eikones. Antike Kunst, suppl. 12 (1980), pp. 153-159. p. 157, n. 70.

Sobel, H., Hygieia. Die Gottin der Gesundheit, 1990. p. 96, no. 7. Cited without inv. no.

Croissant, F. "Hygieia," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1990), pp. 554-572. p. 563, no. 129; pl. 390.

Lochin, Catherine. "Hypnos/Somnus," Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae V (1990), pp. 591-609. p. 605, no. 149; pl. 390.

Margolis, S., and W. Showers. "Ancient Greek and Roman Marble Sculpture: Authentication, Weathering, and Provenance Determination," Marble. Art Historical and Scientific Perspectives on Ancient Sculpture. Malibu: 1990. pp. 283-299. table 4; fig. 9.

de Luca, Goia. "Zur Hygieia in Pergamon," Istanbuler Mitteilungen 41 (1991), pp. 325-362. p. 361, Cat. B 3. Cited without accession number; wrong page and wrong cat. no. referred to in C. C. Vermeule, Catalogue of Ancient Art in the J. Paul Getty Museum.