Mosaic Floor with Combat Between Dares and Entellus

Object Details

Title:

Mosaic Floor with Combat Between Dares and Entellus

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

Gallo-Roman

Place(s):

Villelaure, France (Place created)

Villelaure, France (Place found)

Date:

about 175

Medium:

Stone and glass tesserae

Dimensions:

208 x 208 cm, 498.9522 kg (81 7/8 x 81 7/8 in., 1099.99 lb.)

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In the Aeneid, the epic poem of Rome's founding, Aeneas honored the anniversary of his father's death by holding elaborate funeral games, including a boxing match. This match pitted the Trojan Dares against the local Sicilian champion Entellus. Although the fight was uneven because Dares was much younger and fitter than his opponent, eventually Entellus became enraged and pummeled the younger man. The fight was called and Entellus was awarded the prize bull, which he then sacrificed by shattering its skull with a single blow from his fist.

This Gallo-Roman mosaic illustrates the conclusion of the match. Entellus watches triumphantly as the defeated Dares, bleeding from his head, leaves the ring. The prize bull, shown between the opponents, has fallen to its knees from the blow. The illustration of this passage from the Aeneid is rare in Roman art. In fact, the only other mosaics depicting this subject are also from the southern part of the Roman province of Gaul and date to the mid to late 100s A.D. This leads scholars to believe that the scene was a specialty of a local workshop.

A central panel removed from a much larger floor, this mosaic was one of several that decorated a villa at Villelaure, today in southern France. The mosaic is formed from small tesserae cut from different colored stone, except for the horns of the bull, which are made from pale blue glass.

Provenance
1900 - 1920

M. Peyrusse (Villelaure, France), unearthed in 1900, and lifted by 1913. The mosaic was moved to the neighboring farm of Roules by 1919 and sold to Rinck, 1920.

1920

Rinck [A la Cité Papale], French (Avignon, France), sold to unknown, Paris, France.

1920 - 1926

R. Ancel (Paris, France), sold to Joseph Brummer, 1926.

1926 -

Joseph Brummer, Hungarian, 1883 - 1947 (New York, New York), sold to William Randolph Hearst.

- still in 1951

William Randolph Hearst, American, 1863 - 1951 (San Simeon, California), sold to James M. Evans (chief guard at San Simeon), after 1951.

after 1951 - 1971

James M. Evans (Cambria, CA), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum through Royal Athena Galleries, New York, 1971.

Exhibitions
Drink and Be Merry: Wine and Beer in Ancient Times (July 30 to November 5, 2000)
  • The Jewish Museum, (New York), July 30 to November 5, 2000
Bibliography

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