Statue of a Kore (The Elgin Kore)

Object Details

Title:

Statue of a Kore (The Elgin Kore)

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

Greek

Place(s):

Greece (Place created)

Date:

about 475 B.C.

Medium:

Gray marble

Dimensions:

71 x 28 x 19 cm (27 15/16 x 11 x 7 1/2 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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A girl or kore wears a garment called a peplos, a rectangular piece of heavy cloth folded over at the top, pinned at the shoulders, and usually worn belted. Even in the statue's damaged state, the garment is identifiable by the overfold above the figure's waist. The specific type of overfold seen here dates this statue to about 475 B.C.

Draped statues of women were the norm in fifth century Greece, whereas men were often shown nude. The sculptors of these draped female statues were interested in capturing the interplay of the patterns of the garments' folds and the movement of the body underneath. A statue such as this one may have been offered as a gift to the gods in a sanctuary or even used to decorate the pediment of a Greek temple. This statue was once in the collection of Lord Elgin, a noted collector of antiquities.

Provenance
-1841

Thomas Bruce, seventh earl of Elgin, 1766 - 1841 (Broomhall, Scotland), by inheritance to his son, James Bruce, 1841.

1841-1863

James Bruce, eighth earl of Elgin, 1811-1863 (Broomhall, Scotland), by inheritance to his son, Victor Bruce, 1863.

1863 -1917

Victor Bruce, ninth earl of Elgin, 1849-1917 (Broomhall, Scotland), by inheritance to his son, Edward Bruce, 1917.

1917-1952

Edward Bruce, tenth earl of Elgin, 1881-1968 (Broomhall, Scotland)

1952

Spink & Son, Ltd. (London, England), sold to J. Paul Getty, 1952.

1952 - 1970

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976 (Malibu, California), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Exhibitions
Beyond Beauty: Antiquities as Evidence (December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
Bibliography

Michaelis, Adolf. "Ancient Marbles in Great Britain. Supplement I," Journal of Hellenic Studies 5 (1884), pp. 143-161. p. 145, no. 2.

Charbonneaux, C. "Review" of G. Richter, Catalogue of Greek Sculpture. American Journal of Archaeology 59 (1955), pp. 252-254. Mentioned.

Vermeule, Cornelius C. "Notes on a New Edition of Michaelis: Ancient Marbles in Great Britain," American Journal of Archaeology 59 (1955), pp. 129-150. p. 132.

Matz, Friedrich. Ein roemisches Meisterwerk: Der Jahreszeitensarkophag Badminton-New York. Jarbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts, Ergaenzungsheft XIX. Berlin: 1958. pp. 1-2.

Schuchhardt, Walter-Herwig. Review of G. Richter, Catalogue of Greek Sculpture. Gnomon 30 (1958), pp. 481-495. p. 486. Mentioned.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), pp. 44, 48, ill.

Richter, Gisela. Korai: Archaic Greek Maidens; A Study in the Development of the Korai type in Greek Sculpture. London: Phaidon, 1968. p. 109; fig. 651.

Dorig, Jose. "La tete Webb, l'Harmodios d'Antenor et le probleme des copies romaines d'apres des chefs-d'oeuvre archaiques," Antike Kunst 12 (1969), pp. 41-50. Mentioned.

Fuchs, Werner. Die Skulptur der Griechen. Munich: 1969. p. 183; fig. 190.

Ridgway, Brunilde Sismondo. "Two Peplophoroi in the United States," Hesperia 38, 2 (1969), pp. 213-222. pp. 219-22; pls. 54b, 55b, 56b-c.

Papaioannou, K. L'Art grec: l'art et la civilisation de la Grece ancienne. Paris: 1972. 374.271.

Vermeule, Cornelius, and Norman Neuerberg. Catalogue of the Ancient Art in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Malibu: 1973. pp. 3-4, cat. no. 2 (where incorrectly cited as 70.AA.14), with earlier bibliography.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), pp. 18, 24.

Frel, Jirí. Antiquities in the J. Paul Getty Museum. A Checklist. Sculpture I. Greek Originals. Malibu: May 1979. p. 4, no. 9.

Frel, Jirí. Antiquities in the J. Paul Getty Museum. A Checklist. Sculpture II. Greek Portraits and Varia. Malibu: November 1979. addendum, p. 43, no. 9.

Fuchs, Werner. Die Skulptur der Griechen. Munich: 1979. pp. 183-84; fig. 190.

Kostoglou-Despoine, Aikaterina. Provlemata tes parianes plastikes tou 500 aiona p.X. Thessalonike: 1979. p. 228 ff., n. 35.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), p. 23.

Tolle-Kastenbein, Renate. Fruehklassische Peplosfiguren, Originale. Mainz: 1980. pp. 20, 52 ff., 64, ff. passim; pls. 37-38.

Vermeule, Cornelius C. Greek and Roman Sculpture in America. Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1981. no. 12.

Ridgway, Brunilde Sismondo. "The Fashion of the Elgin Kore," The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), pp. 29-58. figs. 11a-c.

Edwards, Charles M. The Running Maiden from Eleusis and the Early Classical Image of Hekate, American Journal of Archaeology, vol. 90, 3 (1986), pp. 307-318 pp. 312-13, ill. Pl. 20, fig. 8.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 28 . Wrongly cited as 70.AA.14.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 5, fig. 5.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2002) p. 19.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 19.