The J. Paul Getty Museum

Statue of a Kore (The Elgin Kore)

Object Details

Title:

Statue of a Kore (The Elgin Kore)

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

Greek

Place:

Greece (Place Created)

Date:

about 475 B.C.

Medium:

Gray marble

Object Number:

70.AA.114

Dimensions:

71 × 28 × 19 cm (27 15/16 × 11 × 7 1/2 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of J. Paul Getty

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Object Description

Known as the Elgin Kore, this sculpture was once in the collection of Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin (1766-1841), who served as the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. The kore (young woman) stands with her weight on her left leg and her right leg forward. She wears a garment called a peplos, a rectangular piece of heavy cloth folded over at the top, pinned at the shoulders, and usually worn belted. Even in the statue's damaged state, the garment is identifiable by the overfold above the figure's waist. Little of the figure’s anatomy is actually visible, except for the contour of her right thigh, which is revealed as she pulls the fabric of her peplos to the side. In addition, the upper part of her bare upper arms is preserved in side views. This gesture is typical of the kore statue type, in which one hand was usually extended with an offering to the gods while the other grasped the fabric of the dress below the waist.

Korai were used both as funerary monuments and as religious dedications in Greek sanctuaries. Drapery was standard for depictions of women in the 5th century B.C., whereas male youths (kouroi) were often shown nude. The sculptors of these female statues were interested in capturing the interplay of the patterns of the garments' folds and the movement of the body underneath. This kore is probably the work of an Attic workshop, even though its grey marble is not Attic in origin. The stretched neckline and the drapery patterns of stacked folds on either side of the overfall, along with the vertical folds of the skirt, are characteristics of Attic workmanship. The edge of the overfold, which is nearly parallel to the belted waistline, is a feature of peploi dated to about 475 B.C.

Provenance
Provenance
-1841

Thomas Bruce, seventh earl of Elgin, 1766 - 1841 (Broomhall, Scotland), by inheritance to his son, James Bruce, 1841.

1841-1863

James Bruce, eighth earl of Elgin, 1811 - 1863 (Broomhall, Scotland), by inheritance to his son, Victor Bruce, 1863.

1863 -1917

Victor Bruce, ninth earl of Elgin, 1849 - 1917 (Broomhall, Scotland), by inheritance to his son, Edward Bruce, 1917.

1917-1952

Edward Bruce, tenth earl of Elgin, 1881 - 1968 (Broomhall, Scotland), sold through Spink & Son, Ltd. (London, England) to J. Paul Getty, 1952.

1952 - 1970

J. Paul Getty, American, 1892 - 1976 (Malibu, California), donated to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Beyond Beauty: Antiquities as Evidence (December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
Bibliography
Bibliography

Michaelis, Adolf. "Ancient Marbles in Great Britain. Supplement I." Journal of Hellenic Studies 5 (1884), pp. 143-161, p. 145, no. 2.

Charbonneaux, C. "Review" of G. Richter, Catalogue of Greek Sculpture. American Journal of Archaeology 59 (1955), pp. 252-254, p. 253, mentioned.

Getty, J. Paul, and Ethel Le Vane. Collector's Choice: The Chronicle of an Artistic Odyssey through Europe (London: W. H. Allen, 1955), p. 203.

Vermeule, Cornelius C. "Notes on a New Edition of Michaelis: Ancient Marbles in Great Britain." American Journal of Archaeology 59 (1955), p. 132.

Matz, Friedrich. Ein roemisches Meisterwerk: Der Jahreszeitensarkophag Badminton-New York. Jarbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts, Ergaenzungsheft XIX. Berlin: 1958, pp. 1-2.

Schuchhardt, Walter-Herwig. Review of G. Richter, Catalogue of Greek Sculpture. Gnomon 30 (1958), pp. 481-495, p. 486. Mentioned.

Messadie, Gerald. "J. Paul Getty, Malibu, California: Antiquities, French furniture and paintings." In Great Private Collections. Douglas Cooper, ed. (New York: Macmillan Company, 1963), p. 182, ill.

Stothart, Herbert. A Handbook of the Sculpture in the J. Paul Getty Museum. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), p. 25, no. I-71, pl. 13.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), pp. 44, 48, ill.

Richter, Gisela. Korai: Archaic Greek Maidens; A Study in the Development of the Korai type in Greek Sculpture. London: Phaidon, 1968, p. 109; fig. 651.

Dorig, Jose. "La tete Webb, l'Harmodios d'Antenor et le probleme des copies romaines d'apres des chefs-d'oeuvre archaiques," Antike Kunst 12 (1969), pp. 41-50, p. 46, mentioned.

Fuchs, Werner. Die Skulptur der Griechen (Munich: Hirmer Verlag, 1969), p. 183; fig. 190.

Ridgway, Brunilde Sismondo. "Two Peplophoroi in the United States," Hesperia 38, 2 (1969), pp. 213-222, pp. 219-22; pls. 54b, 55b, 56b-c.

Papaioannou, K. L'Art grec: l'art et la civilisation de la Grece ancienne. Paris: 1972, 374.271.

Vermeule, Cornelius, and Norman Neuerberg. Catalogue of the Ancient Art in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1973), pp. 3-4, cat. no. 2 (where incorrectly cited as 70.AA.14), with earlier bibliography.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), pp. 18, 24.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), pp. 33, 35, ill.

Frel, Jiří. Antiquities in the J. Paul Getty Museum: A Checklist; Sculpture I: Greek Originals (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1979), p. 4, no. 9.

Frel, Jiří. Antiquities in the J. Paul Getty Museum: A Checklist; Sculpture II: Greek Portraits and Varia (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, November 1979), addendum, p. 43, no. 9.

Kostoglou-Despoine, Aikaterina. Provlemata tes parianes plastikes tou 500 aiona p.X. Thessalonike: 1979, p. 228 ff., n. 35.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), p. 23.

Tolle-Kastenbein, Renate. Fruehklassische Peplosfiguren, Originale. Mainz: 1980, pp. 20, 52 ff., 64, ff. passim; pls. 37-38.

Vermeule, Cornelius C. Greek and Roman Sculpture in America (Berkeley and London: University of California Press, 1981), no. 12.

Ridgway, Brunilde Sismondo. "The Fashion of the Elgin Kore." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), pp. 29-58, figs. 11a-c.

Edwards, Charles M. The Running Maiden from Eleusis and the Early Classical Image of Hekate, American Journal of Archaeology, vol. 90, 3 (1986), pp. 307-318, pp. 312-13, ill. Pl. 20, fig. 8.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 28 . Wrongly cited as 70.AA.14.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 5, fig. 5.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection (Los Angeles: 2002), p. 19.

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Looking at Greek and Roman Sculpture in Stone (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), pp. 76, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 19.