The J. Paul Getty Museum

Portrait Head of Julia Titi

Object Details


Portrait Head of Julia Titi






Roman Empire (Place Created)


about A.D. 90


Marble with polychromy

Object Number:



33 × 22.5 × 24.4 cm (13 × 8 7/8 × 9 5/8 in.)

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Object Description

Julia Titi was the daughter of the Roman emperor Titus, who ruled during the Flavian dynasty from A.D. 79 to 81. Recorded in history as a wild young woman who was her uncle Domitian's mistress, Julia died in A.D. 91 at the age of thirty.

This portrait depicts Julia with a dramatic, curling hairstyle. A diadem originally inlaid with materials such as gold, silver, or gems marked her imperial status. Julia would have worn earrings, probably made of gold, which are now missing; the small holes at either side of her neck indicate the original presence of a now-missing necklace. Traces of paint preserved in Julia's curls show that her hair was originally a reddish color. The deeply drilled curls and chiaroscuro effect are typical of Roman sculpture in this period.

Portraits of the women in the imperial family set fashions for the entire Roman Empire. A hairstyle worn by an empress would soon appear on portraits of ladies of the imperial court and then spread out through the rest of Roman society as a sign of taste and status. Elaborate curled hairstyles reminiscent of that worn by Julia became the mark of fashionable women in the Flavian period.

by 1908 -

Paul Hartwig, German, 1859 - 1919 (Rome, Italy)


Simonetti, Italian (Rome, Italy)

- 1958

Robert E. Hecht, Jr., American, 1919 - 2012 (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1958.

The J. Paul Getty Collection (June 29 to September 3, 1972)
  • The Minneapolis Institute of Art (Minneapolis), June 29 to September 3, 1972
Caesars and Citizens: Roman Portrait Sculpture from the J. Paul Getty Museum (April 26, 1981 to February 28, 1982)
  • Philbrook Museum of Art (Tulsa), April 26 to July 12, 1981
  • Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery (Austin), September 17 to December 6, 1981
  • Phoenix Art Museum (Phoenix), January 6 to February 28, 1982
Beyond Beauty: Antiquities as Evidence (December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004

Arndt, Paul, and Walther Amelung. Photographische Einzelaufnahmen antiker Sculpturen (Munich: Verlagsanstalt für Kunst und Wissenschaft, 1893-1940), no. 5076.

Haussman, Ulrich. "Bildnisse zweier junger Roemerinnen in Fiesole," Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts 74 (1959), pp. 164-202, p. 178.

Bulletin of the J. Paul Getty Museum of Art (Malibu: 1959), pp. 18 and 22, fig. 12.

Vermeule, Cornelius C. "Greek and Roman Portraits in North American Collections Open to the Public," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 108 (1964), pp. 99-134, pp. 106-7; fig. 23.

Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), p. 77, ill.

Stothart, Herbert. A Handbook of the Sculpture in the J. Paul Getty Museum. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1965), p. 16-17, no. A58.S-1.

The J. Paul Getty Collection, exh. cat. (Minneapolis: Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1972), no. 7.

Del Chiaro, Mario A. Roman Art in West Coast Collections (exh. cat). University Art Gallery, University of California at Santa Barbara, January 10-February 11, 1973 (Santa Barbara: 1973), p. 23, no. 5; ill. p. 60.

Frel, Jirí, and Elizabeth Buckley. Greek and Roman Portraits in the J. Paul Getty Museum. exh. cat. California State University at Northridge, October 16-November 11, 1973 (1973), no. 23, ill.

Vermeule, Cornelius, and Norman Neuerberg. Catalogue of the Ancient Art in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1973), p. 28, no. 59, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975), p. 47.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), p. 61.

Frel, Jirí. In collaboration with Sandra Knudsen Morgan. Roman Portraits in the Getty Museum. Exh. cat. for "Caesars and Citizens," Philbrook Art Center, Tulsa, Oklahoma, April 26-July 12, 1981, cover and copyright pages, ill.; pp. 52-53, ill., 125, no. 36.

Chamay, Jacques, Jiřì Frel, and Jean-Louis Maier. Le monde des Césars: Portraits romains (Geneva: Musée d'art et d'histoire de Genève 1982), p. 117; pls. 21, 21a-c.

Index der antiken Kunst und Architektur: Denkmäler des griechisch-römischen Altertums in der Photosammlung des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts Rom...Begleitband: Register und Kommentar. (New York : K.G. Saur, 1988), p. 78, fiche 365, G13.

Herrmann, Jr. J.J. "Exportation of Dolomitic Marble from Thasos: Evidence from European and North American Collections."  In Ancient Stones: Quarrying, Trade and Provenance. Marc Waelkens et al., eds. (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1992), pp. 94, 96, 103, fig. 10.

Mikocki, Tomasz. Sub specie deae: Les impératrices et princesses romaines assimilées à des déesses. Rivista di archaeologia, Suppl. 14 (Rome: Giorgio Bretschneider, 1995), p. 190, no. 268, pl. XVIII (Julia Titi as Juno?).

Altripp, Ina E. "Zu den Athenatypen Rospigliosi und Vescovali. Die Geschichte einer Verwechslung." Archaeologischer Anzeiger (1996), 1: 83-94, pp. 87-88, n. 15. (cited without accession number).

Daltrop, Georg, Ulrich Hausmann and Max Wegner. Die Flavier. Das Roemische Herrscherbild. (Berlin: 1966), p. 116 ff.; pl. 49a and c.

Grossman, Janet Burnett. Looking at Greek and Roman Sculpture in Stone (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), pp. 19, ill.

Alexandridis, Annetta. Die Frauen des Romischen Kaiserhauses: Eine Untersuchung ihrer bildlichen Darstellung von Livia bis Iulia Domna (Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 2004), p. 214 (not Julia Titi or Domitia).

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Antiquities Collection. Rev. ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), p. 159.

Napoleone, Caterina and Salmeri, Giovanni. ROMA: I volti dell'Impero (Rome: Cariparma Crédit Agricole, 2011), p.62, 93, p. 93. The image of the object takes up the entire page.

Shelton, Jo-Ann. The Women of Pliny's Letters. London and New York: Routledge, 2013, 236, fig. 5; cover ills.

Stewart, Peter. A Catalogue of the Sculpture Collection at Wilton House. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2020, 152, fn. 4.