Statuette of a Bearded Man, Probably Tinia

Object Details

Title:

Statuette of a Bearded Man, Probably Tinia

Artist/Maker(s):

Unknown

Culture:

Etruscan

Place(s):

Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 480 B.C.

Medium:

Bronze

Dimensions:

17.2 x 9 x 4 cm (6 3/4 x 3 9/16 x 1 9/16 in.)

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This bearded man wears a tebenna, a semi-circular form of toga. He once held something in his left hand, which probably would have identified him. Lacking this object, his identity is open to question. He might be Tinia, the Etruscan equivalent of Zeus, the king of the gods; if so, he would have held a scepter or a thunderbolt. However, he could just as easily represent a worshipper or a priest. Small figures like this were often left at temples as an offering to the gods. This statuette was reportedly found in Piombino, Italy.

Although his face and muscles are naturalistic, the bearded man is posed rigidly and his garment is arranged in an artificial manner. Such combinations of opposing stylistic traits are not unusual in Etruscan art. As an area rich in metal sources, Etruria produced large quantities of bronze statuettes.

Provenance
- 1955

Spink & Son, Ltd. (London, England), sold to J. Paul Getty, 1955.

Exhibitions
Cast in the Image (November 1, 1988 to August 31, 1989)
  • The Cleveland Museum of Art, (Cleveland), November 1, 1988 to January 10, 1989
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, (Los Angeles), February 1 to April 30, 1989
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, June 1 to August 31, 1989
Beyond Beauty: Antiquities as Evidence (December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), December 16, 1997 to January 17, 1999
Ancient Art from the Permanent Collection (March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center, (Los Angeles), March 16, 1999 to May 23, 2004
The Etruscans (November 26, 2000 to July 1, 2001)
  • Palazzo Grassi, (Venice), November 26, 2000 to July 1, 2001
The Chimaera of Arezzo (July 16, 2009 to February 8, 2010)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa, (Malibu), July 16, 2009 to February 8, 2010
Bibliography

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Getty, J. Paul. The Joys of Collecting (New York: Hawthorn Books, Inc., 1965), p. 49, ill. as Greek.

Stothart, Herbert. Handbook of the Sculpture in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Malibu(?): 1965 p. 11; pl. 2.

Del Chiaro, Mario. Etruscan Art from West Coast Collections. Santa Barbara: 1967. no. 42, p. 39.

Mitten, D.G., and S. F. Doeringer, eds. Master Bronzes from the Classical World. Exh. cat. Mainz: 1967. p. 166.

Teitz, R.S. Masterpieces of Etruscan Art. Exh. cat., Worcester Art Museum. Worcester, Mass.: 1967. pp. 55-56, 58-59, no. 44; ill. p. 152.

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Jucker, Hans. "Etruscan Votive Bronzes of Populonia," Art and Technology (1970). pp. 212-13; also Discussion Session 3, p. 235.

Sprenger, Maya. "Die etruskische Plastik des V.Jahrhunderts v. Chr. und ihr Verhaeltnis zur griechischen Kunst," Studia archaeologica XIV (1972). pp. 52-53; pl. 24:1.

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Maule, Q., "The Montaguragazza Style", Studi Etruschi, vol. 54, 1986, pp. 61-74 p. 62, 65, 70, ill. pl. XXIV b, cat. no. II, 11.

Kozloff, Arielle P., and David Gordon Mitten, eds. The Gods Delight. The Human Figure in Classical Bronze. Exh. cat., Cleveland Museum of Art, Nov. 16, 1988-Jan. 8, 1989; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, February 9-April 9, 1989. Cleveland: 1988. pp. 219-23, cat. no. 39.

Fernandez, I.G. "J. Paul Getty Museum," Revista de Arqueologia 115, Nv (1990), pp. 48-56. p. 51, ill.

Ortiz, George. "Connoisseurship and Antiquity," Small Bronze Sculpture from the Ancient World. Papers Delivered at a Symposium Held at the J. Paul Getty Museum, March 16-19, 1989. Malibu: 1990. pp. 253-280. pp. 262-64; figs. 8a-d.

Scott, David A., and Jerry Podany. "Ancient Copper Alloys: Some Metallurgical and Technological Studies of Greek and Roman Bronzes," Small Bronze Sculpture from the Ancient World. Malibu: 1990. pp.31-60. p. 45, Table 3.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 30.

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The Etruscans. Exh. cat., Palazzo Grassi, Venice, November 26, 2000-July 1, 2001. pp. 373, ill., 604, cat. no. 195.

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