The J. Paul Getty Museum

St. Cloud

Object Details

Title:

St. Cloud

Artist/Maker:

Eugène Atget (French, 1857 - 1927)

Culture:

French

Place:

Saint-Cloud, France (Place Created)

Date:

1915–1919

Medium:

Albumen silver print

Object Number:

90.XM.64.51

Dimensions:

18.3 × 21.8 cm (7 3/16 × 8 9/16 in.)

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Object Description

From 1904 until the end of his life, but particularly during the 1920s, Eugène Atget often made photographs of the gardens at the site of the palace of Saint-Cloud, just outside Paris (see also 90.XM.64.25, 90.XM.64.60, 90.XM.64.61, 90.XM.64.68, 90.XM.125, 2002.37.11). They were designed by the great French landscape architect André Le Nôtre (1613-1700), the principal inventor of the classical "French garden." Most famous for the layout of the gardens at Versailles, which he devised for Louis XIV, Le Nôtre worked at Saint-Cloud for the king's brother, the duc d'Orléans. In both settings he used similar formal elements: reflecting pools, fountains, symmetrically placed urns and statuary, and massive blocks of clipped shrubbery bordering long axial vistas.

Among the devices that Le Nôtre employed is a kind of forced perspective, created by using progressively smaller blocks of greenery as the vista recedes from the viewer, thus giving the impression that the distance is greater than it actually is. An analagous effect is visible in Atget's photograph. (The illusion of distance is furthered by the fact that the ground falls away at the end of the prospect, where the château once stood.) As Le Nôtre also intended, the reflections in the pool emphasize the perspective. Atget has capitalized on these effects but infused the formal arrangement with dynamism by placing his camera away from the central axis and capturing the irregular shapes of the masses of unclipped vegetation. The statues that lead the procession into the distance, of Diana and Apollo, are now to be found in the Louvre.

Originally published in Eugène Atget, In Focus: Photographs from the J. Paul Getty Museum by Gordon Baldwin (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2000), 62. ©2000, J. Paul Getty Trust.

Provenance
Provenance
1990 -

Daniel Wolf, Inc.
Note: Agent for André Jammes

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Atget's Magical Analysis: Photographs 1915-1927 (October 29, 1991 to January 5, 1992)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), October 29, 1991 to January 5, 1992
The Man in the Street: Eugène Atget in Paris (June 20 to October 8, 2000)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 20 to October 8, 2000
Bibliography
Bibliography

Adams, William Howard. Atget's Gardens: A Selection of Eugène Atget's Garden Photographs, introduction by Jacqueline Onassis (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1979), fig. 25 and cover.

Szarkowski, John and Maria Morris Hambourg. The Work of Atget. 4 vols. (New York: Museum of Modern Art; Boston: Distributed by New York Graphic Society, 1981-1985) vol. 3, pl. 88, for date.

Baldwin, Gordon. In Focus: Eugène Atget: Photographs from the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2000), pl. 28.