Expedients for Crossing Streams - Blanket Boat

Object Details


Expedients for Crossing Streams - Blanket Boat


A.J. Russell (American, 1830 - 1902)




Virginia, United States, North America (Place created)


July 1863


Salted paper print

Object Number:



15.2 × 20.3 cm (6 × 8 in.)

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In this photograph of an auger propped up by a folding wooden ruler, light and volume seem more important than the subject. For this picture, Andrew Joseph Russell treated the tool as if it were a sculpture, resting the streamlined, cylindrical handle against a makeshift stand so that the corkscrew-like component remains upright. He photographed it, however, because engineers used such augers to bore holes in the supporting timbers of bridges for the placement of explosives.

While a captain in the 141st New York Volunteers, a Union Army infantry unit, Russell worked under Union General Herman Haupt--whose experiments in military engineering are still considered quite ingenious. Russell made photographs showing various techniques for bridge and railroad track construction and destruction. He mounted this image in an album that served as an instruction manual for the use of Haupt's inventions.

Related Works
Grave Testimony: Photographs of the Civil War (January 14 to March 29, 1992)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), January 14 to March 29, 1992
The American Tradition and Walker Evans (July 10 to October 28, 2001)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 10 to October 28, 2001