The Sacrifice of Polyxena

Object Details

Title:

The Sacrifice of Polyxena

Artist/Maker(s):

Giovanni Battista Pittoni (Italian (Venetian), 1687 - 1767)

Culture:

Italian

Date:

about 1733 - 1734

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

128.3 x 95.3 cm (50 1/2 x 37 1/2 in.)

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According to Greek legend, Achilles fell in love with the Trojan princess Polyxena, the daughter of the king of Troy. He was offered her hand in marriage if he agreed to end the war between the Greeks and the Trojans. At Polyxena's request, Achilles came to make a sacrifice to Apollo, but he was ambushed by Paris, Polyxena's brother, as he knelt at the altar. Paris shot a fatal arrow into Achilles' heel, his one vulnerable spot. Before he died, Achilles vengefully proclaimed that the treacherous Polyxena be sacrificed at his tomb.

Here Giovanni Battista Pittoni depicted the ghost of Achilles demanding that his bride be killed. Polyxena, wearing a white wedding gown, extends her arm toward the priest brandishing a knife and with great dignity steps forward toward the tomb. Around her, a throng of Greeks and Trojans watch with mixed emotions. Although a violent subject, Pittoni's elegant, richly garbed figures and elaborate antique architecture make an appealing picture of mythological martyrdom.

Provenance
about 1733/1734 - 1747

Count Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg, 1661 - 1747 (Berlin, Germany; Venice, Italy), commissioned from the artist, about 1733/1734; by inheritance to his nephew, Adolph Friedrich von der Schulenberg, 1747.

1747 -

Adolph Friedrich von der Schulenberg

- 1952

Prince Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (Thuringia, Austria)

1952

Antonio Morassi, 1893 - 1976 (Venice, Italy), sold to Knoedler & Company and Pinakos, March 29, 1952.

1952 - 1958

Knoedler & Company, 1846 - 2011 (New York, New York)

and Pinakos Inc., (New York, New York), sold to Walter P. Chrysler, August 1958.

1958 - about 1972

Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. (New York, New York), sold to Eugene Thaw, about 1972.

about 1972 - 1972

Eugene Thaw (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972.

Exhibitions
Venetian Paintings of the Eighteenth Century (October 31, 1961 to December 6, 1961)
  • Finch College Museum of Art, October 31 to December 6, 1961
Italian Renaissance and Baroque Paintings from the Collection of Walter P. Chrysler, Jr. (December 2, 1967 to May 15, 1968) (60)
  • Norfolk Museum Of Arts And Sciences, (Norfolk), December 2, 1967 to May 15, 1968
Baroque Masters from the J. Paul Getty Museum (February 26 to March 30, 1973) (32)
  • California State University, (Northridge), February 26 to March 30, 1973
The Glory of Venice (September 15, 1994 to July 30, 1995) (32)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), September 15 to December 14, 1994
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), January 29 to April 23, 1995
  • Museo del Settecento Veneziano di Ca' Rezzonico, (Venice), May 25 to July 30, 1995