Cupid and Pan

Object Details

Title:

Cupid and Pan

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to Federico Zuccaro (Italian, about 1541 - 1609)

Culture:

Italian

Date:

about 1600

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

76.5 × 104.1 cm (30 1/8 × 41 in.)

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In the center of the canvas, Cupid, the god of love, subdues the god Pan by grabbing one of his ears. Pan personifies carnal lust, so their struggle represents the combat of divine and earthly love. The subject comes from a popular quotation from the Roman poet Virgil: "Love conquers all." The scene is set in Arcadia, a romantic paradise inhabited by nymphs and shepherds. Around Cupid and Pan, various figures gesture as they watch the two gods struggle. A winged allegorical figure soars above, catching the attention of several figures below.

This scene may derive from the central vault of the Sala d'Ercole (Room of Hercules) in the Villa Farnese at Caprarola, which was painted by Federico Zuccaro.

Provenance
about 1900 -

Private Collection (Rome, Italy)
Source: Label on the reverse from a Roman frame maker named Luigi Della Marra, apparently around the turn of the century.

- 1972

Baron Paul Hatvany, 1899 - 1977 (London, England) [sold, Hatvany sale, Christie's, London, March 24, 1972, lot 52, to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]

Bibliography

Christie, Manson & Woods, London. Catalogue of a large assemblage of gallery & cabinet pictures by ancient and modern masters [...]. December 21, 1861, p. 6, lot 80.

Christie's advertisement. Apollo (March 1972), p. 15, ill.

Christie, Manson & Woods, London. Fine Pictures by Old Masters. March 24, 1972, p. 23, lot 52, ill.

Baroque Masters from the J. Paul Getty Museum, exh. cat. (Northridge: California State University, 1973), pp. 7-8, no. 11, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton. Summary of Zuccaro Attribution, unpublished manuscript (1981).

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 139, ill.

Pierguidi, Stefano. "Sull' 'Amor Omnia Vincit' del J. P. Getty Museum e la fortuna delle allegorie d'armore a Roma intorno al 1600." Bollettino d'Arte del Ministero per i Beni e le Attivita Culturali, no. 137-138 (July-December 2006), pp. 63-76.