Prince Charles Louis of the Palatinate with his Tutor Wolrad von Plessen in Historical Dress

Object Details

Title:

Prince Charles Louis of the Palatinate with his Tutor Wolrad von Plessen in Historical Dress

Artist/Maker(s):

Jan Lievens (Dutch, 1607 - 1674)

Culture:

Dutch

Place(s):

Netherlands (Place created)

Date:

1631

Medium:

Oil on canvas

Dimensions:

104.5 x 97.5 cm (41 1/8 x 38 3/8 in.)

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Wearing a gold medallion around his neck, an elderly man leans forward and extends a hand towards a youth who sits in front of a book. The man looks neither at the boy nor at the large open volume but instead gazes sympathetically at the viewer. Wearing a laurel wreath upon his head and dressed in a golden yellow robe with a richly embroidered cape, the daydreaming boy stares off into the distance.

Jan Lievens, who shared Rembrandt's interest in historical portraits featuring characters in fanciful costumes, here depicted Prince Charles Louis of the Palatinate being taught by his tutor Wolrad von Plessen. Previously thought to be a biblical depiction of Eli instructing Samuel, current research reveals that these figures were meant to allude to the classical figures of Aristotle instructing the young Alexander. Both Prince Charles Louis and Alexander the Great were about fourteen years old when they received instruction from their respective mentors.

Provenance
- 1662

Elizabeth, queen of Bohemia, 1596 - 1662 (The Hague, The Netherlands), commissioned from the artist; by bequest to William Craven, 1662.

1662 - 1697

William Craven, first earl of Craven, 1608 - 1697 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to William Craven, 1697.

1697 - 1711

William Craven, second baron Craven, 1668 - 1711 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to William Craven, 1711.

1711 - 1739

William Craven, third baron Craven, 1700 - 1739 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to Fulwar Craven, 1739.

1739 - 1764

Fulwar Craven, fourth baron Craven, died 1764 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to William Craven, 1764.

1764 - 1769

William Craven, fifth baron Craven, 1705 - 1769 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to William Craven, 1769.

1769 - 1791

William Craven, sixth baron Craven, 1738 - 1791 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to William Craven, 1791.

1791 - 1825

William Craven, first earl of Craven, 1770 - 1825 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to William Craven, 1825.

1825 - 1866

William Craven, second earl of Craven, 1809 - 1866 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to George Grimston Craven, 1866.

1866 - 1883

George Grimston Craven, third earl of Craven, 1841 - 1883 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to William George Robert Craven, 1883.

1883 - 1921

William George Robert Craven, fourth earl of Craven, 1868 - 1921 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England), by inheritance to his wife, Cornelia Martin Craven, 1921.

1921 - 1961

Cornelia Martin Craven, countess Craven, 1877 - 1961 (Combe Abbey, Warwickshire, England; Ashdown Park, Berkshire, England; Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire, England) [unsold, Craven sale, Sotheby's, London, April 13, 1923, lot 111], upon her death, held in trust by the Trustee of Cornelia Martin Craven.

1961 - 1968

Trustee of Cornelia Martin Craven [sold, Craven sale, Sotheby's, London, November 27, 1968, lot 88 (companion to lot 87) to Herman Shickman Gallery (New York, New York)]

1968 - 1971

H. Shickman Gallery (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1971.

Exhibitions
Society of Arts Exhibition, 1833 (1833) (Cat. 134)
  • Birmingham Society of Arts, (Birmingham), 1833
Coventry Exhibition, 1840 (1840) (Cat. 11)
  • Coventry Mechanics' Institution, (Coventry), 1840
Society of Arts Exhibition, 1842 (1842) (Cat. 54)
  • Birmingham Society of Arts, (Birmingham), 1842
Pictures by Italian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, French and English Masters (1853) (Cat. 49)
  • British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom, (London), 1853
Art Treasures of the United Kingdom, Collected at Manchester in 1857 (May 5 to October 17, 1857) (Cat. 922)
  • Art Treasures Palace, (Manchester), May 5 to October 17, 1857
Dutch Pictures 1450 - 1750 (1952 to 1953) (Cat. 202)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1952 to 1953
Rembrandt after Three Hundred Years (October 25, 1969 to April 5, 1970) (Cat. 78)
  • The Art Institute of Chicago, October 25 to December 7, 1969
  • The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, (Minneapolis), December 22, 1969 to February 1, 1970
  • The Detroit Institute of Arts, (Detroit), February 24 to April 5, 1970
The J. Paul Getty Collection (June 29 to September 3, 1972) (Cat. 36)
  • The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, (Minneapolis), June 29 to September 3, 1972
Baroque Masters from the J. Paul Getty Museum (February 26 to March 30, 1973) (25)
  • California State University, Northridge, February 26 to March 30, 1973
Jan Lievens: ein Maler im Schatten Rembrandts (September 6 to November 11, 1979) (28)
  • Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum, (Braunschweig), September 6 to November 11, 1979
Gods, Saints, and Heroes: Dutch Painting in the Age of Rembrandt (November 2, 1980 to July 19, 1981) (32)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), November 2, 1980 to January 4, 1981
  • The Detroit Institute of Arts, (Detroit), February 16 to April 19, 1981
  • Rijksmuseum, (Amsterdam), May 18 to July 19, 1981
Leselust: Niederländische Malerei von Rembrandt bis Vermeer. (September 24, 1993 to January 2, 1994) (Cat. 54)
  • Schirn Kunsthalle (Frankfurt), September 24, 1993 to January 2, 1994
The Winterking. Friedrich V of the Palatinate (May 9 to November 2, 2003) (Cat. 54)
  • Stadtmuseum Amberg, May 9 to November 2, 2003
Jan Lievens: A Dutch Master Rediscovered (October 26, 2008 to August 9, 2009) (Cat. 29)
  • National Gallery of Art (Washington, D.C.), October 26, 2008 to January 11, 2009
  • Milwaukee Art Museum, (Milwaukee), February 7 to April 16, 2009
Rembrandt and the Golden Age of Dutch Painting (October 28, 2014 to February 15, 2015) (97)
  • Szépmüvészeti Múzeum, (Budapest), October 28, 2014 to February 15, 2015
Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

Picture a Character

Students write descriptions and use a variety of media to create portraits of characters from the fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; History–Social Science

3-5

Three/Five-Part Lesson

Related Media
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    Audio: Prince Charles Louis with His Tutor