The J. Paul Getty Museum

Barometer

Object Details

Title:

Barometer

Artist/Maker:

Unknown

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

about 1770–1775

Medium:

Oak veneered with ebony; gilt-bronze mounts; enameled metal; ivory; glass barometrical tube

Object Number:

86.DB.632

Dimensions:

123.2 × 24.1 × 4.8 cm (48 1/2 × 9 1/2 × 1 7/8 in.)

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Object Description

Many barometers produced in the 1700s have survived, which suggests that they were relatively common. Invented in 1643 by a pupil of Galileo Galilei (1564–1642), the barometer greatly appealed to the scientific spirit of the late 1600s and 1700s and soon became a popular and useful ornament for interiors.

On this barometer, the level of mercury encased in the glass tube rises or falls according to the atmospheric pressure, thereby indicating one of the possible weather conditions on the enamel plaque. In addition, two sets of readings could be compared using the two small moveable ivory hands on either side.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1892

Tristão Guedes Correia de Queiróz e Castello-Branco, 1st marquis and 2nd comte da Foz, Portuguese, 1849 - 1917 (Lisbon, Portugal) [sold, property of Jose Guedes de Queiroz, Esq., Christie's, London, June 10, 1892, lot 65]

- 1948

Caroline Schermerhorn (Astor) Wilson, American, 1861 - 1948 (3 East 64th Street, New York), upon her death, held in trust by her estate, 1948.

1948 - 1949

Estate of Caroline Schermerhorn (Astor) Wilson, American, 1861 - 1948 [sold by her executors, Rich Furniture & Other Works of Art Belonging to the Estate of the Late Mrs. Orme Wilson Removed from the Mansion 3 East 64 Street New York, Parke-Bernet Galleries, New York, March 26, 1949, lot 386]

- 1969

Lucienne Marguerite Fribourg, Belgian, 1889 - 1968 (New York, New York) [sold by her executor, Important Eighteenth Century French Furniture & Works of Art, Collection of Madame Lucienne Fribourg, Parke-Bernet, New York, April 19, 1969, lot 189, to Alexander & Berendt Ltd.]

1969-1970

Alexander & Berendt Ltd. (London, England), sold to Johanna Maria Quandt in September 1970.
Source: Correspondence from Frank Berendt, February 10th, 1987, in the files of the Sculpture and Decorative Arts department, J. Paul Getty Museum.

1970 -

Johanna Maria Quandt, German, 1926 - 2015 (Bad Homburg, Germany)

- 1986

B. Fabre & Fils (Paris, France) and Jeremy Ltd. (London, England), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986.

Bibliography
Bibliography

Christie, Manson & Woods, London. Property of Jose Guedes de Queiroz, Esq. June 10, 1892, p. 10, lot 65.

Parke-Bernet Galleries. Rich Furniture & Other Works of Art Belonging to the Estate of the Late Mrs. Orme Wilson. March 26, 1949, p. 110, lot 386.

Parke-Bernet Galleries. Important Eighteenth Century French Furniture & Works of Art, Collection of Madame Lucienne Fribourg. April 19, 1969, p. 130, lot 189, ill.

"Acquisitions/1986." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 15 (1987), p. 214, no. 108.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 91, no. 143.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 73, no. 143.