The J. Paul Getty Museum

Secrétaire

Object Details

Title:

Secrétaire

Artist/Maker:

Philippe-Claude Montigny (French, 1734 - 1800, master 1766)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

about 1770–1775

Medium:

Oak veneered with bloodwood, tortoiseshell, brass, pewter, and ebony; gilt-bronze mounts; modern marbleized wooden top

Object Number:

85.DA.378

Dimensions:

141 × 83.8 × 40 cm (55 1/2 × 33 × 15 3/4 in.)

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Object Description

The large panels of tortoiseshell, brass, and pewter that cover the front and sides of this secrétaire were originally used to decorate tabletops in the late 1600s. One tabletop forms the front, cut in half to allow for both the fall front and a cupboard door beneath. The fall front lets down to form a writing surface. The second top has been cut along its length and used to decorate both sides of the secrétaire.

Furniture such as this secrétaire, made in the style now termed "Boulle revival," usually either incorporated panels of late seventeenth-century marquetry by André-Charles Boulle or were conscious copies of works by that master. Boulle's work was still so popular a hundred years after his death that several ébénistes, including Philippe-Claude Montigny, produced furniture imitating his designs.

The gilt bronze mounts and the form of this piece are typical of the early Neoclassical style known as goût grec, popular with fashionable society. Indeed, the secrétaire is described twice, in the sale catalogues of two courtiers at Versailles, Monsieur de Billy and the comte de Vaudreuil.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1784

Armand Pierre François Chastre de Cangé, sieur de Billy, French, died 1784 (Paris, France) [sold, Catalogue des Tableaux, Dessins, Estampes Montées & en Feuilles...qui composoient le Cabinet de feu M. de Billy, through the marchand-mercier A.-J. Paillet, Hôtel de Bullion, Paris, November 15-19, 1784, lot 171, for 860 livres to Desmarest]

1784 -

Desmarest, French, (Paris, France)

- 1787

Joseph Hyancinthe François de Paule de Rigaud, comte de Vaudreuil, French, 1740 - 1817 (Paris, France) [sold, Catalogue de Meubles de Boule Bronzes Dorés au Mat et Autres Objects Précieux, under the direction of Le Brun in the Grande Salle, rue de Cléry, Paris, November 26, 1787, lot 368, for 1,305 livres to Lerouge]

1787 -

Nicolas Lerouge, French, 1752 - 1827 (Paris, France)

early 1960s -

Kraemer et Cie, French, founded 1875 (Paris, France), sold to Graziella Patiño Ortiz Linares.
Source: Correspondence between Olivier Kraemer and David Cohen, October 4th and 10th, 1989, in the files of the Sculpture and Decorative Arts department, J. Paul Getty Museum.

- 1982

Graziella Patiño Ortiz Linares, Bolivian, about 1895 - about 1980 (Paris, France) [offered for sale, Important Mobilier Tapisseries, Objets d'Art et Papiers Peints, Sotheby's, Monaco, June 14, 1982, lot 423, unsold]

- 1985

B. Fabre & Fils (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Bibliography
Bibliography

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), pp. 246-247, no. 200.

Wilson, Gillian. "A Secretaire by Philippe-Claude Montigny." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), pp. 121-126, figs. 1, 4, 7.

Augarde, Jean-Dominique. "1749 Joseph Baumhauer: ébéniste privilégié du roi." L'Estampille 204 (June 1987), p. 30.

Pradère, Alexandre. "Boulle, du Louis XIV sous Louis XVI." L'Objet d'Art, no.0 (June 1987), p. 118, ill.

Pradère, Alexandre. Les ébénistes français de Louis XIV à la Révolution (Paris: Chêne, 1989), pp. 305-307, fig. 347.

Pradère, Alexandre. French Furniture Makers: The Art of the Ébéniste from Louis XIV to the Revolution (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1989), pp. 305-307, fig. 347.

Wilson, Gillian. "Dalla Raccolta del Museo J. Paul Getty, III Puntata." Casa Vogue Antiques 10 (November 1990), pp. 92-93, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 190.

Gruber, Alain, ed. L'art décoratif en Europe. Vol. 2, Classique et Baroque (Paris: Citadelles & Mazenod, 1992), p. 183, ill.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 39, no. 46.

Ramond, Pierre. Chefs-d'oeuvre des marqueteurs. Vol. 2, De la Régence à nos jours (Dourdan: Éditions H. Vial, 1996), pp. 175-177, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 222-23, ill.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 107, no. 84.

Ramond, Pierre. Masterpieces of Marquetry. Vol. 2, From the Régence to the Present Day (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2000), pp. 175-177, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 222-23, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 26-27, no. 46.

Ronfort, Jean-Nérée. "Surviving Cabinets on Stands by Andre-Charles Boulle and the New Chronology of the Master's Oeuvre." Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 8 (2003), p. 49, fig. 6 (detail).

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 244-45, ill.

Kopf, Silas. A Marquetry Odyssey: Historical Objects and Personal Work (Manchester, VT: Hudson Hills Press, 2008), p. 93, fig. 123.

Ronfort, Jean-Nérée, ed. André Charles Boulle 1642-1732: Ein neuer Stil für Europa, exh. cat. (Paris: Somogy Éditions d'Art, 2009), pp. 131-32, fig. 8.

Ronfort, Jean-Nérée, ed. André Charles Boulle 1642-1732: Un nouveau style pour l'Europe, exh. cat. (Paris: Somogy Éditions d'Art, 2009), pp. 131-32, fig. 8.

Pradère, Alexandre. "Lerouge, Le Brun, Bonnemaison : le rôle des marchands de tableaux dans le commerce du mobilier Boulle, de la Révolution à la Restauration." Revue de l'Art 184, no. 2 (June 2014), p. 52, fig. 8.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. 294-95, ill.