The J. Paul Getty Museum

Tapestry: Portière aux Armes de France

Object Details

Title:

Tapestry: Portière aux Armes de France

Artist/Maker:

woven under the direction of Etienne-Claude Le Blond (French, about 1700 - 1751)
Pierre-Josse Perrot (French, active 1724 - 1750)
Royal Factory of Furniture to the Crown at the Gobelins Manufactory (French, founded 1662 - present)

Culture:

French

Place:

Gobelins, France (Place Created)

Date:

designed 1727, woven about 1730–1740

Medium:

Wool and silk; modern cotton lining

Object Number:

85.DD.100

Dimensions:

362.9 × 280.7 cm (142 7/8 × 110 1/2 in.)

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Object Description

The arms of Louis XV, who came to the throne as a five-year-old in 1715, announce this tapestry's royal origin and purpose. Under the head of Apollo, from whom the sun's rays emanate, a large crown tops a simulated bronze cartouche. Within the cartouche, the three fleurs-de-lis symbolize the arms of France, hanging in the center of an ermine cloak flanked by two military trophies. Suspended medals hang below, in front of the crossed scepter and the "hand of justice," symbolizing the king's legal power. A royal ceremonial helmet at the bottom seems to rest upon another military trophy. The tapestry's color and design were new, but its celebratory purpose and the specific imagery harked back to the symbols of Louis XIV from the previous reign.

The Gobelins tapestry manufactory wove twenty-eight examples of this tapestry over a period of about fifteen years. One of these portièresdecorated the door of a salon at Versailles, others hung in several of the royal châteaux, and French ambassadors used several to decorate their embassies.

Provenance
Provenance
before 1865 - 1870

Richard Seymour-Conway, fourth marquess of Hertford, British, 1800 - 1870 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France), by inheritance to Sir Richard Wallace.
Source: lent to the Musée Rétrospectif, Union Centrale des Beaux-Arts Appliqués à l'Industrie, 1865, no. 5734.

1870 - 1890

Sir Richard Wallace, British, 1818 - 1890 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France), by inheritance to Lady Wallace.

1890-1897

Julie Amélie Charlotte Castelnau Wallace, French, 1819 - 1897 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France), by bequest to Sir John Murray Scott.

1897-1912

Sir John Murray Scott, British, 1847 - 1912 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France), by bequest to Lady Victoria Sackville.

1912 - 1914

Lady Victoria Sackville, British, 1862 - 1936 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France), sold to Jacques Seligmann.
Source: Hughes, Peter. The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Furniture, Vol. 3 (London: Trustees of the Wallace Collection, 1996), p. 1530.

1914 - late 1940s

Jacques Seligmann, French, 1858 - 1923 (Paris, France) and Mme. Jacques Seligmann, sold in the late 1940s.
Source: sale described in Seligman, Germain. Merchants of Art: 1880-1960 (New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1961), pages 92-103.

-

Private Collection (possibly Paris, France)

1953

François-Gérard Seligmann, French, 1919 - 2013 (Paris, France)

- 1985

François-Gérard Seligmann, French, 1919 - 2013 (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Exposition de 1865, Musée Rétrospectif, Union Centrale des Beaux-Arts Appliqués à l'Industrie (April 1 to December 31, 1865) (lent by Richard Seymour-Conway, fourth marquess of Hertford)
  • Palais de l'industrie (Paris, France), April 1 to December 31, 1865
Exposition d'art français du XVIIIe siècle (June 7 to July 15, 1916) (lent by Jacques Seligmann)
  • l'Union de France pour le Belgique et les Pays alliés (Paris), June 7 to July 15, 1916
Bibliography
Bibliography

Union Centrale des Beaux-Arts Appliqués à l'Industrie. Exposition de 1865 [...] (Paris: Union Centrale, 1867), p. 481, no. 5734.

Fenaille, Maurice. Etat général des tapisseries de la Manufacture des Gobelins (Paris: Imprimerie nationale: Hachette, 1903), vol. 3, pp. 310-14.

Roger-Milès, L[éon]. Exposition d'Art Français du XIIIe Siècle, Album Commémoratif, Études et catalogue descriptif (Paris: Galerie Jamarin, 1916), p. 87, no. 113 and illus pl 1.

Göbel, Heinrich. Die Wandteppiche. Vol. 2, Die Wandteppiche und ihre manufakturen in Frankreich Italien, Spanien und Portugal (Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1928), part 1, p. 156.

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), pp. 244-45, no. 196.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 170, detail ill. p. 154.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 172, no. 293.

Hughes, Peter. The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Furniture. 3 vols. (London: Trustees of the Wallace Collection, 1996), vol. 3 (1996), p. 1530.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 199.

Bremer-David, Charissa. French Tapestries and Textiles in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 34-39, no. 5.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 199.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 151, no. 302.

Leben, Ulrich. Object Design in the Age of Enlightenment: The History of the Royal Free Drawing School in Paris (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2004), pp. 22-23, ill.

Vittet, Jean. Les Gobelins au siècle des Lumières, Un âge d'or de la manufacture royale (Paris: Swan éditeur, 2014), p. 115.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. 272-73, ill.