Tapestry: Portière aux Armes de France

Object Details

Title:

Tapestry: Portière aux Armes de France

Artist/Maker:

woven under the direction of Etienne-Claude Le Blond (French, about 1700 - 1751)
Pierre-Josse Perrot (French, active 1724 - 1750)
Royal Factory of Furniture to the Crown at the Gobelins Manufactory (French, founded 1662 - present)

Culture:

French

Place:

Gobelins, France (Place created)

Date:

designed 1727, woven about 1730 - 1740

Medium:

Wool and silk; modern cotton lining

Dimensions:

360.7 × 266.7 cm (142 × 105 in.)

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The arms of Louis XV, who came to the throne as a five-year-old in 1715, announce this tapestry's royal origin and purpose. Under the head of Apollo, from whom the sun's rays emanate, a large crown tops a simulated bronze cartouche. Within the cartouche, the three fleurs-de-lis symbolize the arms of France, hanging in the center of an ermine cloak flanked by two military trophies. Suspended medals hang below, in front of the crossed scepter and the "hand of justice," symbolizing the king's legal power. A royal ceremonial helmet at the bottom seems to rest upon another military trophy. The tapestry's color and design were new, but its celebratory purpose and the specific imagery harked back to the symbols of Louis XIV from the previous reign.

The Gobelins tapestry manufactory wove twenty-eight examples of this tapestry over a period of about fifteen years. One of these portièresdecorated the door of a salon at Versailles, others hung in several of the royal châteaux, and French ambassadors used several to decorate their embassies.

Provenance
by 1743

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne

before 1865 - 1870

Richard Seymour-Conway, fourth marquess of Hertford, 1800 - 1870 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France), by inheritance to Sir Richard Wallace.

1870 - 1890

Sir Richard Wallace, 1818 - 1890 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France)

1890-1897

Lady Wallace, died 1897 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France), by inheritance to Sir John Murray Scott.

1897-1912

Sir John Murray Scott, 1847 - 1912 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France)

1912 -

Lady Victoria Sackville, 1862 - 1936 (2 rue Laffitte, Paris, France)

- late 1940s

Mr. and Mrs. Jacques Seligmann, French, 1858 - 1923 (Paris, France), sold in the late 1940s.

-

Private Collection (possibly Paris, France)

1953

François-Gérard Seligmann, French, 1919-2013 (Paris, France)

-

Private Collection

- 1985

François-Gérard Seligmann, French, 1919-2013 (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1985.

Bibliography

Fenaille, Maurice. Etat général des tapisseries de la Manufacture des Gobelins (Paris: Imprimerie nationale: Hachette, 1903), vol. 3, pp. 310-14.

Roger-Miles, M.L. Exposition d'Art Français du XIIIe Siècle (Paris, 1916), p. 87, no. 113.

Göbel, Heinrich. Die Wandteppiche. Vol. 2, Die Wandteppiche und ihre manufakturen in Frankreich Italien, Spanien und Portugal (Leipzig: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1928), part 1, p. 156.

"Acquisitions/1985." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), pp. 244-45, no. 196.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 170, detail ill. p. 154.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 172, no. 293.

Hughes, Peter. The Wallace Collection Catalogue of Furniture (London, 1996), vol. 3, p. 1530.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 199.

Bremer-David, Charissa. French Tapestries and Textiles in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 34-39, no. 5.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 199.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 151, no. 302.

Leben, Ulrich. Object Design in the Age of Enlightenment: The History of the Royal Free Drawing School in Paris (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2004), pp. 22-23, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. 272-273, ill.

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