Landscape with Ceres (Allegory of Earth)

Object Details

Title:

Landscape with Ceres (Allegory of Earth)

Artist/Maker(s):

Jan Brueghel the Younger (Flemish, 1601 - 1678)

Hendrik van Balen (Flemish, 1575 - 1632)

Culture:

Flemish

Date:

1630s

Medium:

Oil on panel

Dimensions:

52.5 x 81.5 cm (20 11/16 x 32 1/16 in.)

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Shown separately or together, as in Landscape with Allegories of the Four Elements, the four elements were a popular subject for Jan Brueghel the Younger and his collaborator Hendrik van Balen. Here, earth is represented by the goddess Ceres, who is surrounded with a satyr, putti, and a figure holding a sheaf of wheat. Ceres, whose name means "creator," was the goddess of agriculture, worshiped over a large part of ancient Italy

Together Jan Brueghel the Younger and Van Balen often painted the four elements, which had also been part of the repertoire of Jan the Younger's father, Jan Brueghel the Elder. Brueghel the Elder taught his son the lush, decorative, yet highly detailed landscape and still life style seen in this painting.

Van Balen, one of Jan the Younger's most consistent collaborators, was known for his attractive nudes. This panel was probably one of his latest works; he had begun painting figures for the Brueghel family years before, working with his friend Jan the Elder in addition to collaborating with Frans Snyders and Frans Francken II.

Provenance
early 19th century

Zoé-Victoire, countess of Cayla, died 1848 (Château de Saint-Ouen, France), by inheritance to her daughter, Valentine, 1848.

1848 -

Valentine, princess of Beauvau-Craon, by inheritance to Marc.

- 1883

Prince Marc of Beauvau-Craon, 1816 - 1883 (Château de Craon, Meurthe et Moselle, France), by inheritance to Charles Louis, 1883.

1883 - 1942

Prince Charles Louis of Beauvau-Craon, 1878 - 1942 (Château de Craon, Meurthe et Moselle, France), by inheritance to Marc, 1942.

1942 - 1971

Prince Marc of Beauvau-Craon, died 1973 (Château de Craon, Meurthe et Moselle, France) [sold, Beauvau-Craon sale, Sotheby's, London, March 24, 1971, lot 99, to the J. Paul Getty Museum.]

Exhibitions
Baroque Masters from the J. Paul Getty Museum (February 26 to March 30, 1973)
  • California State University, Northridge, February 26 to March 30, 1973, (Cat.)
Bibliography

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 19, ill.