The J. Paul Getty Museum

Pair of Candelabra

Object Details

Title:

Pair of Candelabra

Artist/Maker:

Robert-Joseph Auguste (French, 1723 - 1805, master by royal order 1757)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

1779–1782

Medium:

Silver

Object Number:

84.DG.42

See more

See less

Object Description

These candelabra were designed and executed by the Parian silversmith Robert-Joseph Auguste for a massive order of more than 150 silver table wares delivered between 1764 and 1785 to the Elector of Hanover at Herrenhausen Palace (in modern-day Germany). At that time, the Electorate was ruled by George III, King of England. He took a keen interest in the commission, approving the Neoclassical style and shape of its numerous pieces, including tureens, serving dishes, condiment vessels, and individual plates for seventy-two guests.

The overall elegance and restraint of the forms are expressed here by the tapering stems with female heads, scrolling candle branches, winged putti, and delicate beading. In 1924, the service was dispersed and survives today divided, principally between museums in England and France.

Provenance
Provenance
1782 - 1820

From a service made for George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland, and Prince-Elector, then king, of Hanover, Anglo-German, 1738 - 1820 (for use at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, though the service was in London/Windsor from December 1803 to 1816), by inheritance to his son, George IV.
Source: Seelig, Lorenz. "The Dinner Service made for George III by Robert-Joseph Auguste and Frantz-Peter Bundsen." Silver Studies, The Journal of the Silver Society 28 (2012), p. 98.

1820 - 1830

George IV, king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of Hanover, Anglo-German, 1762 - 1830 (Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover), by inheritance to his brother, William IV.

1830 - 1837

William IV, king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of Hanover, Anglo-German, 1765 - 1837 (Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover), by inheritance to his brother, Ernest Augustus, 1st Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale.

1837 - 1851

Ernest Augustus, 1st Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and King of Hanover, Anglo-German, 1771 - 1851 (Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover), by inheritance to his son, George V, 2nd duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale.
Note: The monogram of George III was added by engraver Johann-Carl Matthias in 1841.

1851 - 1878

George V, 2nd duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and king of Hanover, Anglo-German, 1819 - 1878 (Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover; in 1866 the service was moved from Hanover to Vienna, Austria for safekeeping when George V was deposed; in 1876 it was moved to London, England), by inheritance to his son, Ernest Augustus, 3rd duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale.

1923 - 1924

J. Glückselig und Sohn, Austrian, 1911 - 1938 (Stallburggasse 2, Vienna 1, Austria), sold to Crichton Brothers, London, 1924.

1924

Crichton Brothers, British, about 1890 - about 1954 (22 Old Bond Street, London, England)

1924 - 1942

Louis Cartier, French, 1875 - 1942 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his son, Claude Cartier.

1942 - 1975

Claude Cartier, French, 1925 - 1975 (Paris, France) [sold after his death, Sotheby's, Monaco, November 27, 1979, lot 824, with another pair of matching candelabra, to Véronique Cartier]

1979 - 1984

Véronique Cartier, French, 1936 - 2014 (Paris, France), sold through her cousin Riccardo Salmona to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1984.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Exposition d'orfèvrerie française civile du XVIe siècle au début du XIXe (April 12 to May 12, 1926) (lent by Cartier Ltd., London)
  • Musée des Arts Décoratifs (Paris), April 12 to May 12, 1926
Bibliography
Bibliography

Exposition d'orfèvrerie française civile du XVIe siècle au début du XIXe, exh. cat. (Paris: Musée des arts décoratifs, 1926), p. 24, no. 144.

Frégnac, Claude. Les Grands orfèvres de Louis XIII à Charles X. Collection Connaissance des arts "Grands artisans d'autrefois" (Paris: Hachette, 1965), pp. 240-41, possibly fig. 2.

Frégnac, Claude. French Master Goldsmiths and Silversmiths from the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Century (New York: French & European Publications, 1966), pp. 240-41, possibly fig. 2.

Sotheby Parke Bernet Monaco S. A., Monte Carlo. Importante Argenterie Europeenne, Succession de Monsieur Claude Cartier, provenant de la collection de ses parents Monsieur at Madame Louis Cartier. November 27, 1979, p. 159, lot 824, ill. (two of four).

Wilson, Gillian, Charissa Bremer-David, and C. Gay Nieda. "Selected Acquisitions Made by the Department of Decorative Arts in 1984." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 13 (1985), p. 182, no. 63.

French Silver in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), pp. 3-4, fig. 3.

Bourne, Jonathan, and Vanessa Brett. Lighting in the Domestic Interior: Renaissance to Art Nouveau (London: Sotheby's, 1991), p. 108, fig. 344.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 116, no. 193.

Carlier, Yves. "Angleterre: Le Service d'orfèvrerie de George III d'Angleterre." In Versailles et les tables royales en Europe XVIIème - XIXème siècles, exh. cat. (Versailles: Musée National des Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, 1993), pp. 330-31.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 99, no. 199.

Seelig, Lorenz. "Das Silberservice König Georgs III. von Robert-Joseph Auguste und Frantz-Peter Bundsen - Zur Goldschmiedekunst des frühen Klassizismus in Paris, London und Hannover." Münchner Jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, 3rd series, LVIII (2007), pp. 141-207, p. 177 no.18bis, p. 193n329, and pp. 199-200 cat no. 28.

Seelig, Lorenz. "The Dinner Service made for George III by Robert-Joseph Auguste and Frantz-Peter Bundsen: neo-Classical goldsmith's work in Paris, London and Hanover." Dorothea Burstyn and William P. Hood Jr., trans. Silver Society of Canada Journal 13 (2010), pp. 44-91.

Glanville, Philippa. "Curiously Enchased: goldsmiths & diplomats in Baroque Europe." The International Fine Art and Antique Dealers Show, The Park Avenue Armory, New York 2010 (London: Houghton International, 2010), pp. 28-29.

Seelig, Lorenz. "The Dinner Service made for George III by Robert-Joseph Auguste and Frantz-Peter Bundsen: neo-Classical goldsmith's work in Paris, London and Hanover." Dorothea Burstyn and William P. Hood, trans. Silver Studies, The Journal of the Silver Society 28 (2012) , pp. 76-100.