Tapestry: Le Retour de la chasse, from L'Histoire de l'empereur de la Chine Series

Object Details

Title:

Tapestry: Le Retour de la chasse, from L'Histoire de l'empereur de la Chine Series

Artist/Maker:

After cartoons by Guy-Louis Vernansal (French, 1648 - 1729)
and Jean-Baptiste Monnoyer (French, 1636 - 1699)
and Jean-Baptiste Belin de Fontenay (French, 1653 - 1715)
Beauvais Manufactory (French, founded 1664)
woven under the direction of Philippe Béhagle (French, 1641 - 1705)

Culture:

French

Place:

Beauvais, France (Place created)

Date:

about 1697 - 1705

Medium:

Wool and silk; modern cotton lining

Dimensions:

421.4 × 290 cm (165 7/8 × 114 3/16 in.)

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In a tapestry from the set known as The Story of the Emperor of China series, a terraced outdoor pavilion is the setting for the return from the hunt. The emperor, still wearing his quiver and holding his bow, leads the empress down the carpeted steps to show her the catch of game: a deer, waterfowl, and other birds. Behind them stands a large, elaborate throne with sphinxes at each armrest and carved, winged dragons on top. Peacock feathers fan from the crest, and jewels line its upper edge.

The double arcade that arches over the throne is a whimsical structure created by the Beauvais artists rather than an authentic Chinese form. This fantastic architecture with its spindly Gothic ornament may have inspired designers of the late 1700s and early 1800s who copied the mixture of Gothic and Far Eastern motifs. This series may be one of the earliest examples of the emerging chinoiserie style, in which Westerners employed exotic Chinese forms combined with European motifs.

Provenance
by 1705 - 1737

Louis-Alexandre de Bourbon, comte de Toulouse and duc de Penthièvre, French, 1678 - 1737 (at the Château de Rambouillet by 1718), by inheritance to his son, Louis-Jean-Marie de Bourbon, 1737.

1737 - 1793

Louis-Jean-Marie de Bourbon, duc de Penthièvre, French, 1725 - 1793, by inheritance to his daughter, Louise-Marie-Adélaïde de Bourbon, 1793.

1793 - 1821

Louise-Marie-Adélaïde de Bourbon, French, 1753 - 1821, by inheritance to her son, Louis-Philippe d'Orléans, 1821.

1821 - 1852

Louis-Philippe d' Orléans, King of the French, 1773 - 1850 [sold, Domaine de Monceaux, January 28, 1852, lot 8, as one of six tapestries to Armand Géraud Victurnien Jacques Emmanuel de Crussol, duc d'Uzès]

1852 - 1872

Armand Géraud Victurnien Jacques Emmanuel de Crussol, duc d'Uzès, French, 1808 - 1872 (Château de Bonnelles, Seine-et-Oise), by inheritance to his son, Amable Antoine Jacques Emmanuel de Crussol, duc d'Uzès, 1872.

1872 - 1878

Amable Antoine Jacques Emmanuel de Crussol, duc d'Uzès, French, 1840-1878 (Château de Bonnelles, Seine-et-Oise), by inheritance to his son, Jacques Marie Géraud de Crussol, duc d'Uzès, 1878.

1878 - 1893

Jacques Marie Géraud de Crussol, duc d'Uzès, French, 1868-1893 (Château de Bonnelles, Seine-et-Oise), by inheritance to his brother, Louis Emmanuel de Crussol, duc d'Uzès, and Thérèse d'Albert-Luynes d'Uzès, duchesse d'Uzès, 1893.

1893 - 1925

Louis Emmanuel de Crussol, duc d'Uzès, French, 1871-1943 (Château de Bonnelles, Seine-et-Oise)

-

and Thérèse d'Albert-Luynes d'Uzès, 1876 - 1941 (Château de Bonnelles, Seine-et-Oise), sold to Georges Haardt and Company, 1925.

1925 -

Georges Haardt and Company (New York City, New York)

-

French and Company, Inc. (New York City, New York), stock no. 27965-2 through 27965-6.

- 1930

John Thompson Dorrance, Sr., American, 1873-1930 (Newport, Rhode Island), by inheritance to John Thompson Dorrance, Jr., 1930.

1930 - 1983

John Thompson Dorrance, Jr., American, 1919 - 1989, sold to Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc, 1983.

1983

Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc. (New York City, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Exhibitions
Louis XIV at the Getty (June 9, 2015 to July 31, 2016)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 9, 2015 to July 31, 2016
Bibliography

Montié and de Dion. "Quelque documents sur le Duchépairie de Rambouillet." Mémoirs et documents publiés par la Société archéologique de Rambouillet 7 (1886) pp. 208, 227.

Badin, Jules. La manufacture de tapisseries de Beauvais depuis ses origines jusqu'à nos jours (Paris: Société de propagation des livres d'art, 1909) p. 13.

Hunter, George L. The Practical Book of Tapestries (Philadelphia, 1925) p. 162.

A Private Exhibition of Beauvais Tapestries, exh. cat. (New York: Georges Haardt and Co., Inc., 1926)

Szokolny, Dr. "Vom amerikamischen Kunstmarket." Cicerone 18 (1926) pp. 271-72.

Jarry, Madeleine. "Chinoiseries à la mode de Beauvais." Plaisir de France 429 (May 1975) pp. 54-59.

Standen, Edith A. "The Story of the Emperor of China: A Beauvais Tapestry Series." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 12 (1976) pp. 103-17.

Jarry, Madeleine. "La vision de la Chine dans les tapisseries de la manufacture royale de Beauvais: les premières tentures chinoises." Les Rapports entre la Chine et l'Europe au temps des lumières: actes du IIe colloque international de sinologie 1977 (Paris 1980), pp. 173-83.

"Acquisitions/1983." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984) pp. 261-62, no. 3.

"Some Acquisitions (1983-84) in the Department of Decorative Arts, The J. Paul Getty Museum." The Burlington Magazine 975 (June 1984) p. 385.

Bremer-David, Charissa. "Set of Five Tapestries, Acquisitions Made by the Department of Decorative Arts in 1983." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984) pp. 173-81.

Standen, Edith A. European Post-Medieval Tapestries and Related Hangings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2 vols. (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1985) vol. 2, pp. 461-68.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986) pp. 99-100, no. 213.

Boccara, Jacqueline. Ames de Laine et de Soie (Saint-Just-en-Chausée, 1988) p. 306.

Boccara, Jacqueline. "Voyages du grand siècle: tapisseries de Beauvais, de Bruxelles et de Gobelins." Les Antiquaires au Grand-Palais: XIVe biennale internationale (Paris, 1988) pp. 112-18.

Coural, J., and C. Gastinel-Coural. Beauvais: Manufacture nationale de tapisserie (Paris, 1992) p. 24.

Bremer-David, Charissa et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993) pp. 167-68, no. 286.

Bremer-David, Charissa. French Tapestries and Textiles in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) pp. 80-97, no. 9.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001) pp. 146-48, no. 296.

Jolly, Anna. Seidengewebe des 18. Jahrhunderts II Naturalismus (Riggisberg, 2002) p. 25 and note 98, (repeated in the English summary, p. 377 and note 98).

Wilson, Gillian, et al. French Furniture and Gilt Bronzes: Baroque and Régence, Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008) p. 376-77 (app. no. 24-E).

Bremer-David, Charissa. "The Tapestry Patronage of Madame de Montespan and Her Family." In Tapestry in the Baroque, New Aspects of Production and Patronage (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, with Yale University Press, 2010), p. 331 and p. 340, notes 50-51.