The J. Paul Getty Museum

Portiere of the Chariot of Triumph

Object Details

Title:

Portiere of the Chariot of Triumph

Artist/Maker:

After cartoon attributed to Beaudrin Yvart (French, 1611 - 1690)
and from a design by Charles Le Brun (French, 1619 - 1690)
Royal Factory of Furniture to the Crown at the Gobelins Manufactory (French, founded 1662 - present)
in the low-warp workshop of Jean de la Croix (French, died 1714)
or possibly in the low-warp workshop of Jean de La Fraye (French, about 1655 - 1730, foreman of the fourth low-warp Gobelins workshop 1699 - 1730)

Culture:

French

Place:

Gobelins, France (Place Created)

Date:

1699–1703 or 1715–1717

Medium:

Wool and silk

Object Number:

83.DD.20

Dimensions:

357.5 × 277.8 cm (140 3/4 × 109 3/8 in.)

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Object Description

Intended to hang over a doorway, this type of tapestry was known as a portiere (derived from the French word porte for “door”). Portieres with coats of arms were displayed in the public rooms of royal residences and embassies to signify the power of the monarch, in this case Louis XIV. This design, called the Chariot of Triumph, represents military victory over an enemy, symbolized by the trophies of war and a chariot crushing a snake underneath. In addition to visualizing the martial prowess of the king, the portiere’s imagery emphasizes the benefits of successful military conquest, such as justice (indicated by the scale under the crown) and prosperity (indicated by the two cornucopias overflowing with fruit).
 

Provenance
Provenance
1717 -

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne, delivered on October 27, 1717.

-

Mme Fulco de Bourbon (Patterson, New York), by inheritance to her son, Michael de Bourbon.

1983

Michael de Bourbon (Pikeville, Kentucky), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Woven Gold: Tapestries of Louis XIV (December 15, 2015 to May 1, 2016)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), December 15, 2015 to May 1, 2016
Bibliography
Bibliography

Fenaille, Maurice. Etat général des tapisseries de la Manufacture des Gobelins (Paris: Imprimerie nationale: Hachette, 1903), vol. 2, pp. 16-22.

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 16-17, no. 8.

"Acquisitions/1983." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), p. 263, no. 5.

"Some Acquisitions (1983-84) in the Department of Decorative Arts, The J. Paul Getty Museum." The Burlington Magazine 126, no. 975 (June 1984), p. 385, fig. 70.

Wilson, Gillian, Adrian Sassoon, and Charissa Bremer-David. "Acquisitions Made by the Department of Decorative Arts in 1983." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 12 (1984), pp. 183-85, 187, no. 3, figs. 9a-b.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 140, 147.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 101, no. 214.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 170-71, no. 290.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 50-51, no. 36.

Bremer-David, Charissa. French Tapestries and Textiles in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 2-9, no. 1.

Standen, Edith A. "For Minister or for King: Two Seventeenth-Century Gobelins Tapestries After Charles Le Brun." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Journal 34 (1999), pp. 125-34.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 150, no. 300.

Wilson, Gillian. "Versailles au J. Paul Getty Museum." Versalia, Revue de la Société des Amis de Versailles 5 (2002), pp. 99-101, figs. 11-12.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. French Furniture and Gilt Bronzes: Baroque and Régence: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008), p. 374, app. no. 21, ill.

Bremer-David, Charissa. Woven Gold: Tapestries of Louis XIV, exh. cat. (Los Angeles, The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. 92-95, no. 8a, ill.

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