Fountain

Object Details

Title:

Fountain

Artist/Maker:

Possibly by Jean Leroy (French, master 1625)
probably altered in London in 1698 by Ralph Leake (French, active 1671 - after 1714)
altered between 1758 and 1762 by Phillips Garden (British, active 1738 - 1762)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

1661–1663

Medium:

Silver

Object Number:

82.DG.17

Dimensions:

65.1 × 35.9 × 36.2 cm, 11250 g (25 5/8 × 14 1/8 × 14 1/4 in., 361.6954 ozt.)

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This fountain, although altered, is a rare survivor of early French silver. The fountain would have held water and stood on a sideboard, displayed with other pieces of ceremonial silver. The servants would have poured water from it to wash utensils between the courses of a meal.

The fountain must have arrived in England from France before 1698, because an English silversmith made a copy of it in that year. He also created a silver basin for each of the fountains. By 1750, Nathanial Curzon, first Baron Scarsdale, owned the group of two fountains and their basins. In that year, he married Caroline Colyear and had the fountain's cartouche engraved with both of their arms. Until the 1940s, these vessels stood in an alcove in the dining room of the Scarsdales' great home, Kedleston Hall, in Derbyshire, England, designed by Robert Adam.

Very little French silver has survived from the late 1600s because almost all of it was melted down by 1701 at the order of Louis XIV. The silver bullion was used to replenish the French royal treasury, which had been nearly bankrupted by the king's constant wars. This vessel survived because it left France soon after it was made.

Provenance
by 1698

Private Collection , England, by 1698, when probably adapted from a tri-handled ewer with a spout mounted higher, and when a matching fountain and two basins were made by Ralph Leake (Leeke).

by about 1750 - 1804

Nathaniel Curzon, fifth baronet and first baron Scarsdale, English, 1726 - 1804 (Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to Nathaniel Curzon.
Source: Nathaniel Curzon married Caroline Colyear (1733-1812) in 1750. The armorial of the Curzon arms impaling Colyear was engraved between 1758, when he succeeded to the baronetcy, and 1761, when he was elevated to the peerage.

1804-1837

Nathaniel Curzon, second baron Scarsdale, English, 1751 - 1837 (Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, Endland), by inheritance to Nathaniel Curzon.

1837-1856

Nathaniel Curzon, third baron Scarsdale, English, 1781 - 1856 (Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon.

1856-1916

Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon, fourth baron Scarsdale, English, 1831 - 1916 (Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to George Nathaniel Curzon.

1916 - 1925

George Nathaniel Curzon, fifth baron and first viscount Scarsdale, English, 1859 - 1925 (Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, England), by inheritance to Richard Nathaniel Curzon.

1925 - to at least 1945

Richard Nathaniel Curzon, second viscount Scarsdale, English, 1898 - 1977 (Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, England) [unsold, together with an English version of the fountain and a pair of matching cisterns all made by Ralph Leake (Leeke) 1698, Christie's, London, July 16, 1930, lot 72; unsold, same pairs as in 1930, Christie's, London, November 7, 1945, lot 114.]

1946

Jacques Helft, French, 1891 - 1980 (Paris, France until 1940 and again from 1946; New York City, New York active 1940 - 1948)

before 1948 - 1962

Arturo López-Willshaw, Chilean, 1901 - 1962 (Paris, France), by inheritance to his wife, Patricia López-Willshaw.

1962 - 1982

Patricia López-Willshaw, Chilean, 1912 - 2010 (Paris, France) [offered for sale, Sotheby's, Monaco, June 23, 1976, no. 48, bought-in; sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum through Sotheby's, Monaco, 1982]

Exhibitions
Louis XIV, Faste et décors (May to October 1960) (lent by M[onsieur] A. Lopez-Willshaw)
  • Musée des Arts Décoratifs (Paris), May to October 1960
The Life of Art: Context, Collecting, and Display (February 7, 2012 to December 3, 2017)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), February 7, 2012 to December 3, 2017
Bibliography

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Musée des arts décoratifs, Louis XIV, faste et décors exh. cat. (Paris: Palais du Louvre, Pavillon de Marsan, 1960), p. 69, no. 378 (lent by M[onsieur] A. Lopez-Willshaw), ill. pl. LVII.

Reitlinger, Gerald. The Economics of Taste. Vol. 2, The Rise and Fall of Objets d'Art Prices since 1750 (New York: Barrie and Rockliff, 1963), p. 648.

Frégnac, Claude. Les Grands orfèvres de Louis XIII à Charles X. Collection Connaissance des arts "Grands artisans d'autrefois." (Paris: Hachette, 1965), pp. 60-61,fig. 3 (caption states "collection de Mme A. Lopez-Willshaw").

Frégnac, Claude. French Master Goldsmiths and Silversmiths from the Seventeenth to the Nineteenth Century (New York: French & European Publications, 1966), pp. 60-61, fig. 3 (caption states "belonging to Mme. A. Lopez-Willshaw").

Hardy, John and Helena Hayward, "Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire - III, The Seat of Viscount Scarsdale." Country Life CLXIII, no. 4205 (February 9, 1978), p. 325.

Hardy, John. "Robert Adam and the furnishing of Kedleston Hall." The Connoisseur 198, no. 797 (July 1978), pp. 203, 207n13.

Wilson, Gillian. "The Kedleston Fountain, Its Development from a Seventeenth-century Vase." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 11 (1983), pp. 1-12.

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French Silver in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), p. 9, ill. cover and p. 10, fig. 6.

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Pijzel-Dommisse, Jet. "Buires, gueridons en cassoletten: 'Frans' zilver in het interieur van stadhouder Willem III." Het Nederlandse binnenhuis gaat zich te buiten, Internationale invloeden op de Nederlandse wooncultuur Leids kunsthistorisch jaarboek 14 (2007), pp. 91-115, figs. 17-18.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. French Furniture and Gilt Bronzes: Baroque and Régence: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008), p. 373, app. no. 17.

Pijzel-Dommisse, Jet. "Huguenot goldsmiths and French influence in The Hague in the late 17th century." In Tessa Murdoch, ed. Beyond the Border: Huguenot Goldsmiths in Northern Europe and North America (Portland: Sussex Academic Press, 2008), pp. 38-40, 44n49, figs. 24, 26.