One pair of wall lights

Object Details

Title:

One pair of wall lights

Artist/Maker:

François-Thomas Germain (French, 1726 - 1791)
after a design by Pierre Contant d'Ivry (French, 1698 - 1777)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France (Place created)

Date:

1756

Medium:

Gilt bronze

Object Number:

81.DF.96.2.1

Dimensions:

102.9 × 63.5 × 34.3 cm (40 1/2 × 25 × 13 1/2 in.)

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Related Works
Provenance
at least 1756 - 1785

Louis-Philippe, duc d'Orléans, French, 1725 - 1785 (the chambre de parade and the salon des jeux of the Palais-Royal, Paris, France), by inheritance to Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duc d'Orléans.

1785 - 1786

Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duc d'Orléans, French, 1747 - 1793 (Palais-Royal, Paris, France), sold privately to the French Crown via the intermediary Feuchère (probably Pierre-François Feuchère, bronze caster, Paris, France).

1786 - 1792

French Crown, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne (stored at the château de Versailles, France in 1786; from 1787 to 1792, château de Compiègne, France for use by Marie-Antoinette; until 1791 salon des nobles de la reine, then deuxième antichambre and premier cabinet de la reine), nationalized by the revolutionary government in 1792.

1792 - 1795

French government, Convention Nationale, Garde-Meuble National (deuxième antichambre and premier cabinet, château de Compiègne, Compiègne, France)

1795 - 1799

French government, Le Directoire, Garde-Meuble National (palais du Luxembourg, Paris, France)

1799 - 1804

French government, Le Consulat, Garde-Meuble National (palais du Luxembourg, Paris, France)

1804 - 1814/15

French government, Empire Français, Garde-Meuble Impérial (palais du Luxembourg, Paris, France)

1814/15 - about 1830

French government, Royaume de France, Garde-Meuble de la Couronne (palais du Luxembourg, Paris, France)

by 1929

Archibald Philip Primrose, fifth earl of Rosebery, Scottish, 1847 - 1929 (Main Dining Room, 38 Berkeley Square, London, England, by 1929)
Source: According to Neil Archibald Primrose, seventh earl of Rosebery, the four wall lights were listed in a valuation made in 1929 of the residence at 38 Berkeley Square. Object file note in the Department of Sculpture and Decorative Arts, J. Paul Getty Museum.

1929 - 1964

(Albert) Harry Primrose, sixth earl of Rosebery, English, 1882 - 1974 [sold, Tapestries, Works of Art, and Highly Important French Furniture, Sotheby's, London, April 17, 1964, lot 18 to François-Gérard Seligmann]

1964 -

François-Gérard Seligmann, French, 1919 - 2013 (Paris, France), sold to a private collector.

- 1981

Private Collection (Argentina and Switzerland) [offered for sale, Sotheby's, Monaco, June 14-15, 1981, lot 148a-b, bought-in]

1981

Mr. Lopez, sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1981.

Exhibitions
Casting Nature: François-Thomas Germain's Machine d'Argent (July 11, 2006 to March 25, 2007)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), July 11, 2006 to March 25, 2007
Bibliography

Diderot, Denis and Jean le Rond d'Alembert. Encyclopédie ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers. Planches. vol. 1 (Paris, 1762), s.v. "architecture," plates XXXII-XXXIII.

Reitlinger, Gerald. The Economics of Taste. Vol. 2, The Rise and Fall of Objets d'Art Prices since 1750 (New York: Barrie and Rockliff, 1963), p. 443.

Broglie de Gaigneron, Axelle de. "Le 3e témoin de l'art de F. -Th. Germain, Bronzier. " Connaissance des arts 199 (September 1968), pp. 76-77.

Terrier, Max. "L'Applique: Sa Provenance." Connaissance des arts 201 (November 1968), pp. 32-33.

Eriksen, Svend. Early Neo-Classicism in France (London: Faber, 1974), pp. 349-350, pl. 202.

Verlet, Pierre. "Bronzes d'ameublement français du XVIIIe siècle, Notes et documents." Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de l'Art (1980), pp. 200-201, ill p. 203.

Beurdeley, Michel. La France à l'encan, 1789-1799: exode des objets d'art sous la Révolution (Paris: Jules Tallandier, 1981), p. 166, figs. 177-178.

Wilson, Gillian. "Acquisitions Made by the Department of Decorative Arts, 1981." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 10 (1982), pp. 73-78, no. 4, with a conservation postscript by Barbara Roberts.

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 50-51, no. 25.

Ottomeyer, Hans, and Peter Pröschel, eds. Vergoldete Bronzen: Die Bronzearbeiten des Spätbarock und Klassizismus. Vol 1, Katalog der Bronzearbeiten (Munich: Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1986), p. 145, nos. 2.11.24 and 2.11.25.

Jackson-Stops, Gervase. "Boulle by the Beach: Decorative Arts at the J. Paul Getty Museum." Country Life 179, no. 4624 (April 3, 1986), pp. 854-856.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 59, no. 132, ill.

Verlet, Pierre. Les Bronzes dorés français du XVIIIe siècle (Paris: Picard Éditeur, 1987), pp. 296-299, ill. p. 30 fig. 18, p. 171 fig. 209, p. 256 fig. 275, p. 297 figs. 327-329, p. 298 figs. 330-331.

Baritou, Jean-Louis and Dominique Foussard. Chevotet-Contant-Chaussard, Un Cabinet d'architectes au siècle des lumières. (Lyon: L'Œil et La Main, 1987), pp. 135-140, ill p. 182.

Pallot, Bill G. B. L'Art du siège au XVIIIe siècle en France (Paris: ACR-Gismondi Éditeurs, 1987), p. 160.

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Wilson, Gillian. "Dalla Raccolta del Museo J. Paul Getty." Casa Vogue Antiques 8 (May 1990), pp. 117, 119.

Bourne, Jonathan, and Vanessa Brett. Lighting in the Domestic Interior: Renaissance to Art Nouveau (London: Sotheby's, 1991), p. 75, fig. 237.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 103-104, no. 169.

Perrin, Christiane. François Thomas Germain: orfèvre des rois (Saint-Rémy-en-l'Eau: Éditions d'Art Monelle Hayot, 1993), pp. 230-231, ill.

Bremer-David, Charissa. "An Overview of French 18th c. Wall Lights in the J. Paul Getty Museum." The Rushlight 63, no. 2 (June 1997), pp. 3-4, fig. 4.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 212.

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Colle, Enrico, Angela Griseri, Roberto Valeriani. Bronzi decorativi in Italia: Bronzisti e fonditori italiani dal seicento all'ottocento. Repertori d'arti decorative. (Milan: Electa, 2001), p. 112.

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The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), p. 287.

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