The J. Paul Getty Museum

Corner Cupboard

Object Details

Title:

Corner Cupboard

Artist/Maker:

Cabinet by Jacques Dubois (French, 1694 - 1763, master 1742)
clock movement by Étienne Le Noir II (French, 1699 - 1778, master 1717)
clock dial enameled by Antoine-Nicolas Martinière (French, 1706 - 1784, master 1720)
design for the cabinet attributed to Nicolas Pineau (French, 1684 - 1754)

Culture:

French (Paris)

Place:

Paris, France (Place Created)

Date:

about 1744–1755; clock dial 1744

Medium:

White oak, mahogany, fir, walnut, and Andaman padauk veneered with bloodwood, kingwood, ferréol, and amaranth; enameled-metal clock dial; glass; gilt-bronze mounts; brass and iron hardware and lock

Object Number:

79.DA.66

Dimensions:

289.5 × 129.5 × 72.4 cm (114 × 51 × 28 1/2 in.)

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Object Description

This monumental corner cupboard follows a drawing by the French architect and ornament designer Nicolas Pineau, who was an early exponent of the Rococo style. The cupboard's large scale and exuberant gilt-bronze mounts reflect Eastern European rather than French taste. The cabinet was actually made for a Polish general, Count Jan Klemens Branicki. An inventory of Count Branicki's possessions made at his death describes both the corner cupboard and the objects displayed on its shelves: a collection of mounted Chinese porcelain and clocks, some embellished with porcelain flowers.

The drawing of the corner cupboard, or more probably an engraving of it, must have caught Branicki's attention. Dubois was commissioned through a Warsaw dealer to construct the cabinet for the Polish aristocrat. Drawings and engravings were sources frequently used by foreign patrons and craftsmen to order and copy the latest fashions in French interior design.

Provenance
Provenance
1752 or 1753 - 1771

Ordered by General Mokronowski for Count Jan Klemens Branicki, Polish, 1689 - 1771 (Warsaw, Poland), through the marchand-mercier Lullier of Warsaw, by inheritance to the count's sisters, 1771.
Source: Correspondence between Jan Klemens Branicki and Mr. Koziebrodski, November 23, 1752, Teke Glinki, 320f., 85v; Inventory of Jan Klemens Branicki, October 20, 1772, 82f., 536v. Both in the Central Archives of Historial Records in Warsaw.

1771 - late 18th century

Branicki Family, possibly by inheritance to Marianna Szymanowska, late 18th century.

late 18th century - 1837

Possibly Marianna Szymanowska, Polish, 1780 - 1837, great-granddaughter of Krystyna (Branicka) Sapieha, sister of Jan Klemens Branicka.
Source: Correspondence in the files of the J. Paul Getty Museum with Dr. Bozenna Majewska-Maszkowska, Curator of Art Collections, Royal Castle in Warsaw, July 28, 1981.

before 1903

Szymanowski Family, sold to Baron Nathaniel (Mayer) von Rothschild.
Source: Inventory of Baron Nathaniel (Mayer) von Rothschild in the collection of the library of the Museum für angewandte Kunst in Vienna. Notizen über einige meiner Kunstgegenstände, 1903.

by 1903 - 1905

Baron Nathaniel (Mayer) von Rothschild, Austrian, 1836 - 1905 (Vienna, Austria), by inheritance to his nephew, Baron Alphonse (Mayer) von Rothschild, 1905.
Source: Inventory in collection of the library of the Museum für angewandte Kunst in Vienna. Notizen über einige meiner Kunstgegenstände, 1903.

1905 - 1938

Baron Alphonse (Mayer) von Rothschild, Austrian, 1878 - 1942 (in the Régence (or Rote) Salon, Theresianum Gasse 16-18, Vienna), looted by the Nazis, 1938.
Source: Correspondence in the files of the J. Paul Getty Museum with Bettina de Rothschild Looram, September 9, 1991.

1938 - 1947

In the possession of the Nazis, destined for the Führermuseum in Linz, Austria, restituted by the Allied Forces to Baronin Clarice von Rothschild, 1947.
Source: Correspondence in the files of the J. Paul Getty Museum with Bettina de Rothschild Looram, September 9, 1991.

1947 -

Baronin Clarice von Rothschild, Austrian, 1874 - 1967 (Vienna, Austria; New York, New York), sent to New York soon after restitution, and sold to Rosenberg & Stiebel.
Source: Correspondence in the files of the J. Paul Getty Museum with Bettina de Rothschild Looram, September 9, 1991.

- 1950

Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc. (New York, New York), sold to Wildenstein & Co., 1950.
Source: Conversation with Wildenstein & Co, October 4, 1991.

1950 -

Wildenstein & Co. (New York) (New York, New York)

- 1963

Georges Wildenstein, French, 1892 - 1963 (New York, New York), by inheritance to his son, Daniel Wildenstein, 1963.

1963 - 1977

Daniel Wildenstein, French, 1917 - 2001 (New York, New York), sold through Sotheby Parke Bernet (London, England) to Akram Ojjeh, 1977.

1977 - 1979

Akram Ojjeh, Saudi Arabian, 1918 - 1991 [sold, Magnifique ensemble de meubles et objets d’art français, Sotheby Parke Bernet, Monaco, June 25-26, 1979, lot 60, to the J. Paul Getty Museum]

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
The Corner Cupboard by Dubois: A Closer Look (March 10, 1992 to April 27, 1993)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu), March 10, 1992 to April 27, 1983
Bibliography
Bibliography

Molinier, Émile. Histoire générale des arts appliqués à l’industrie du Ve à la fin du XVIIIe siècle. Vol. 3, Le Mobilier au XVIIe et au XVIIIe siècle et pendant les premières années du Ier empire (Paris: E. Lévy, 1896), pp. 146-47, pl. 13.

Schmidt, Robert. Möbel: ein Handbuch für Sammler und Liebhaber (Berlin: Richard Carl Schmidt & Co., 1920), pp. 168-169, fig. 130.

Feulner, Adolf. Kunstgeschichte des Möbels seit dem Altertum (Berlin: Propyläen-Verlag, 1927), pp. 321, 330-31.

Salverte, François de.  Les Ébénistes du XVIIIe siècle: leurs oeuvres et leurs marques (Paris: G. Vanoest, 1927), pp. 104-05, pl. 18.

Feulner, Adolf. Kunstgeschichte des Möbels (Berlin: Propyläen-Verlag, 1927), pp. 421, 445.

Salverte, François de.  Les Ébénistes du XVIIIe siècle: leurs oeuvres et leurs marques (Paris: Vanoest, 1953), p. 97, pl. 19.

Packer, Charles. Paris Furniture by the Master Ébénistes (Newport Monmouthshire: Ceramic Book Company, 1956), p. 34, fig. 40.

Boutemy, André. "Des Meubles Louis XV à grand succès: Les Encoignures." Connaissance des Arts 91 (September 1959), pp. 36, 41, fig. 17.

Salverte, François de.  Les Ébénistes du XVIIIe siècle: leurs oeuvres et leurs marques (Paris: F. de Nobele, 1962), p. 100, pl.18.

Frégnac, Claude and Jean Meuvret. Les Ébénistes du XVIIIe siècle français (Paris: Hachette, 1963), pp. 100-101, ill.

Frégnac, Claude and Jean Meuvret. French Cabinetmakers of the Eighteenth Century (Paris: Hachette, 1965), p. 102.

Watson, F. J. B. The Wrightsman Collection. Vol. 2, Furniture, Gilt Bronze and Mounted Porcelain, Carpets (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1966), p. 544.

González-Palacios, Alvar. Gli ebanisti del Luigi XV (Milan: Fabbri, 1966), pp. 58, 62-63, 64, fig, 27.

Watson, F. J. B. The Wrightsman Collection. Vol. 1, Furniture (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1966), p. 231.

Frégnac, Claude. Les Styles français de Louis XIII à Napoléon III (Paris: Hachette Réalités, 1975), p. 100, fig. 2.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français. Vol. 1, du moyen age à Louis XV (Paris: Éditions Le Prat, 1978), pp. 192-93, no. 217, ill.

Kjellberg, Pierre. "Jacques Dubois." Connaissance des Arts 334 (December 1979), p. 115, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. "Acquisitions Made by the Department of Decorative Arts, 1979 to mid 1980." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 8 (1980), pp. 1-3, no. 1, fig. 1-2.

Feulner, Adolf. Kunstgeschichte des Möbels (Frankfurt: Propyläen Verlag, 1980), pp. 180-81, 358, no. 292.

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 42-43, no. 21.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 162-163.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 17, no. 38.

Pradère, Alexandre. French Furniture Makers: The Art of the Ébéniste from Louis XIV to the Revolution (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1989), p. 173, figs. 153-154.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), pp. 267, 270, 273, 275, ill.

Pradère, Alexandre. Les ébénistes français de Louis XIV à la Révolution (Paris: Chêne, 1989), p. 173, figs. 153-154.

Boiron, Stéphane. "Jacques Dubois, maître du style Louis XV." L'Estampille/L'Objet d'Art 237 (June 1990), pp. 53, 55, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), pp. 178-179.

Bourne, Jonathan, and Vanessa Brett. Lighting in the Domestic Interior: Renaissance to Art Nouveau (London: Sotheby's, 1991), p. 83, fig. 258.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 31-32, no. 35.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. European Clocks in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), pp. 70-77, no. 10.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 208-09.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 92-93, no. 71.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Encyclopédie de la pendule française du moyen age au XXe siècle (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1997), p. 165, fig. b.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 20, no. 35.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 208-09.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), pp. 238-39, ill.

Baarsen, Reinier. Paris 1650-1900: Decorative Arts in the Rijksmuseum (New Haven: Yale University Press, with Rijksmuseum, 2013), p. 141.

Heginbotham, Arlen. "Bronzes dorés: A technical approach to examination and authentication of French gilt bronze." In French Bronze Sculpture: Materials and Techniques 16th -18th Century (London: Archetype, 2014), pp. 154-155, figs. 6-7.

Łopatecki, Karol and Wojciech Walczak. The History of the Branicki Palace until 1809: The Influence of “Versailles of Podlasie” on the Development of Białystok (Białystok: Instytut Badań nad Dziedzictwem Kulturowym Europy, 2015), pp. 177, 179, fig. 73.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. 278-79, ill.

Education Resources
Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

"A Dream of Classic Perfection"

Research how classical Greek art and philosophy influenced values of the French Revolution and the visual style of Neoclassical art.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; History–Social Science

6-8; 9-12

Three/Five-Part Lesson