Arrival of Saint Ursula at Cologne

Object Details

Title:

Arrival of Saint Ursula at Cologne

Artist/Maker:

Bernardo Daddi (Italian, active about 1312 - 1348)

Culture:

Italian

Place:

Florence, Tuscany, Italy (Place created)

Date:

about 1333

Medium:

Tempera and gold leaf on panel

Dimensions:

66 x 67.9 cm (26 x 26 3/4 in.)

See more

See less

Three boats approach the German city of Cologne where Saint Ursula, on her way back north after a pilgrimage to Rome, was martyred with the strike of an arrow. Ursula sits under a baldachin in the stern of the foreground boat; two of her virgin companions reach out toward the shore. The middle boat carries Pope Ciriacus and his bishops. More of Ursula's attendants follow in the last boat. Banners depicting the arms of Ursula and Ciriacus fly from the bow of each vessel.

Originally forming the left wing of a triptych with the Crucifixion in the center, this panel was made for the church of Santa Orsola in Florence. The subject, although common in Northern Europe, was rare in Tuscany. Daddi's treatment of the subject is also quite unusual. The panel is filled with surprising, naturalistic details like the frothing river produced by the oars and the boat's advancing prow.

Provenance
about1333/1345 - 1435

Sant'Orsola (Florence, Italy), commissioned from the artist, about 1333/1345.

possibly about 1435 - still in 1792

Convento di Sant'Agata (Florence, Italy), possibly moved from Sant'Orsola when the nuns moved to Sant'Agata, about 1435.

- 1879

Frances Elizabeth Anne Braham Waldegrave, countess Waldegrave, 1821 - 1879 (Strawberry Hill, Middlesex, England), by inheritance to her fourth husband, Chichester Samuel Fortescue, 1879.

1879 - 1883

Chichester Samuel Parkinson-Fortescue, first baron Carlingford, 1823 - 1898 (London, England) [sold, Carlingford sale, Venton, Bull, Cooper, Strawberry Hill, July 30, 1883, lot 908.]

- 1923

Aimee Geraldine Bradshaw Stern, baroness Michelham, 1882 - 1927 (London, England; Strawberry Hill, Middlesex, England; Paris, France) [sold, Michelham sale, Knight, Frank, Rutley, Strawberry Hill, May 30, 1923, lot 579, to Durlacher Brothers, 1923.]

1923

Durlacher Brothers (London, England; New York, New York), sold to Adolphe and Suzanne Stoclet, 1923.

1923 - 1949

Adolphe Stoclet, 1871 - 1949 (Brussels, Belgium)

1923 - 1949

and Suzanne Stoclet, died 1949 (Brussels, Belgium), transferred to Immobilière SAS, 1949.

1949

Immobilière SAS (Brussels, Belgium), by inheritance to Michèle Stoclet, 1949.

1949 - 1965

Michèle Stoclet (Brussels, Belgium; Barcelona, Spain) [sold, Stoclet sale, Sotheby's, London, June 30, 1965, lot 18, to Hodder and Stoughton.]

1965

Hodder and Stoughton, sold to Frederick Mont, Inc., and Newhouse Galleries, 1965.

1965 - 1970

Frederick Mont, Inc. (New York, New York)

1965 - 1970

and Newhouse Galleries (New York, New York), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1970.

Exhibitions
Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British School (1879) (Cat. 183)
  • Royal Academy of Arts (London), 1879
The J. Paul Getty Collection (June 29 to September 3, 1972) (Cat. 25)
  • The Minneapolis Institute of Arts (Minneapolis), June 29 to September 3, 1972
Florence at the Dawn of the Renaissance: Painting and Illumination, 1300-1350 (November 13, 2012 to June 16, 2013) (Cat. 57.1)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), November 13, 2012 to February 10, 2013
  • Art Gallery of Ontario (Toronto), March 16 to June 16, 2013
Bibliography

Richa, Giuseppe. Notizie istoriche delle chiese Fiorentine. 10 vols. (Florence: Pietro Gaetano Viviani, 1754-1762), vol. 5 (1757) p. 285.

Follini, Vincenzo, and Modesto Rastrelli. Firenze: Antica, e moderna illustrata. 8 vols. (1789-1802), vol. 4 (Florence: Iacopo Grazioli, 1792) p. 333.

Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters, and by Deceased Masters of the British School Including Oil Paintings, Miniatures, and Drawings, exh. cat. (London: Royal Academy, with William Clowes and Sons, 1879) p. 35, no. 183.

Ventom, Bull & Cooper. Strawberry Hill. A Catalogue of the Contents of the Mansion [...]. July 25, 1883 p. 50, lot 908.

Knight, Frank & Rutley, London. A Catalogue of the Contents of the Mansion Strawberry Hill, Twickenham. May 28, 1923 p. 38, lot 579, ill.

Bautier, Pierre. "I primitivi italiani della collezione Stoclet a Bruxelles." Cronache d'Arte 4, no. 5 (September-October, 1927) p. 314.

Coletti, Luigi. "Sull'origine e sulla diffusione della scuola pittorica romagnola nel trecento-I." Dedalo 11, no. 2 (1930-1931) pp. 311-12, ill.

Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and Their Works with an Index of Places (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1932) p. 165.

Offner, Richard. A Critical and Historical Corpus of Florentine Painting: The Fourteenth Century. Sec. 3, vol. 4 (Berlin: Albert Frisch, 1934) p. 170, pl. LXIV.

Berenson, Bernard. Pitture italiane del Rinascimento. Emilio Cecchi, trans. (Milan: Ulrico Hoepli, 1936) p. 142.

Paatz, Walter and Elisabeth. Die Kirchen von Florenz: Ein Kunstgeschichteliches Handbuch, vol. I (Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 1940) pp. 8, 15n54.

Longhi, Roberto. "Un esercizio sul Daddi." Paragone 3 (March 1950) pp. 16-19.

Kaftal, George. Iconography of the Saints in Tuscan Painting (Florence: Sansoni, 1952) pp. 995-96, under no. 304, fig. 1121.

Paatz, Walter and Elisabeth. Die Kirchen von Florenz: Ein Kunstgeschichtliches Handbuch, vol. 4 (Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 1952) p. 560.

Offner, Richard. A Critical and Historical Corpus of Florentine Painting: The Fourteenth Century. Sec. 3, vol. 8 (Glückstadt, Germany: J. J. Augustin, 1958) p. 59, 60n1, 61.

Paccagnini, Giovanni. "Daddi." In Encyclopedia of World Art, vol. 4 (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1961) p. 225.

Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A List of the Principal Artists and Their Works: Florentine School. 2 vols. (New York: Phaidon Press, 1963) vol. 1, p. 52.

Sotheby & Co., London. Catalogue of Important Old Master Paintings [...]. June 30, 1965 pp. 18-19, lot 18, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Catalogue of the Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1972) pp. 3-4, no. 3.

The J. Paul Getty Collection, exh. cat. (Minneapolis: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1972) unpaginated, no. 25, ill.

Bina, D. "Daddi, Bernardo." In Dizionario enciclopedico Bolaffi dei pittori e degli incisori italiani: Dall' XI al XX secolo, vol. 4 (Turin: Giulio Bolaffi, 1973) p. 102.

Longhi, Roberto. "Un esercizio sul Daddi" (1950). Repr. in Roberto Longhi, Opere complete di Roberto Longhi. Vol. 7, 'Giudizio sul Duecento' e ricerche sul Trecento nell'Italia centrale, 1939-1970 (Florence: Sansoni, 1974) pp. 82-85.

Fredericksen, Burton B., ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum: Greek and Roman Antiquities, Western European Paintings, French Decorative Arts of the Eighteenth Century (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975) pp. 68, 74, ill.

Cristin, Lilli, ed. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 1975) p. 55.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976) p. 58.

Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum, rev. ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976) p. 58.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jírí Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978) p. 75.

Fredericksen, Burton B. Masterpieces of Painting in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980) unpaginated, no. 1, ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., et al. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980) pp. 62-63, ill.

Offner, Richard. A Critical and Historical Corpus of Florentine Painting: The Fourteenth Century: The Works of Bernardo Daddi. Sec. 3, vol. 3. 2nd ed., rev. by Miklós Boskovits and Enrica Neri Lusanna (Florence: Giunti Publisher, 1989) pp. 49-50, fig. 13.

Jaffé, David. Summary Catalogue of European Paintings in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997) p. 31, ill.

Related Media
  • /
    Audio: Arrival of Saint Ursula at Cologne - Level 1 (Exhibit: FLORENCE_AT_DAWN)
  • /
    Audio: Arrival of Saint Ursula at Cologne - Level 2 / Conservation (Exhibit: FLORENCE_AT_DAWN)