The J. Paul Getty Museum

Pair of Vases (pots-pourris fontaine or pots-pourri à dauphins)

Object Details

Title:

Pair of Vases (pots-pourris fontaine or pots-pourri à dauphins)

Artists/Makers:

Painted decoration attributed to Charles-Nicolas Dodin (French, 1734 - 1803)

Sèvres Manufactory (French, founded 1756)

Culture:

French

Date:

about 1760

Medium:

Soft paste porcelain; bleu lapis, blue, pink and green ground colors, polychrome enamel decoration, and gilding

Object Number:

78.DE.358

Dimensions:

29.8 × 16.5 × 14.6 cm (11 3/4 × 6 1/2 × 5 3/4 in.)

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Object Description

The complex construction and decoration of this pair of vases reveal the level of skill achieved by the craftsmen employed at the Sèvres porcelain manufactory. Each vase is divided into three sections: a base with holes for flowering bulbs, a tall body with pierced shoulders for potpourri, and a pierced lid. Painted ripples along the base and waves that project up the body, simulating cascades of water, give these vases their name of pot pourri fontaine. Charles-Nicolas Dodin, who painted the Chinese figures on the sides, copied them from Chinese woodcuts of about 1700.

These vases once formed part of a garniture owned by Madame de Pompadour, mistress of Louis XV. An inventory taken after her death in 1764 mentions that the garniture was displayed on the mantelpiece in her bedroom. The set was accompanied by matching porcelain wall lights, a pair of candelabra, and a potpourri vase (vaisseau à mat), both now in the Musée du Louvre.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Special Exhibition of Works of Art of the Medieval, Renaissance, and More Recent Periods (June 1862)
  • South Kensington Museum (London), June to June 1862
Louis XV and Madame de Pompadour - A Love Affair with Style (March 10 to June 15, 1990) (78.DE.358.2 only)
  • The Dixon Gallery and Gardens (Memphis), March 10 to April 15, 1990
  • Rosenberg & Stiebel, Inc. (New York), May 2 to June 15, 1990
Un Defi Au Gout (March 20 to June 23, 1997)
  • Musée du Louvre (Paris), March 20 to June 23, 1997
Madame de Pompadour et les arts (February 13, 2002 to January 12, 2003) (78.DE.358.2 only)
  • Musée national des Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon (Versailles), February 13 to May 19, 2002
  • Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung (Munich), June 14 to September 15, 2002
Imagining the Orient (October 5, 2004 to April 3, 2005)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), October 5, 2004 to April 3, 2005
China on Paper: European and Chinese Works from the Late Sixteenth to the Early Nineteenth Century (November 7, 2007 to February 10, 2008)
  • The Getty Research Institute (Los Angeles), November 7, 2007 to February 10, 2008
Splendeur de la peinture sur porcelaine au XVIIIe siècle, Charles Nicolas Dodin et la manufacture de Vincennes-Sèvres (May 14 to September 9, 2012) (78.DE.358.2 only)
  • Musée national des Châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon (Versailles), May 14 to September 9, 2012
Bibliography
Bibliography

The South Kensington Museum, Special Exhibition of Works of Art of the Medieval, Renaissance, and More Recent Periods (London, 1862), p. 118, nos. 1281 & 1282.

Redford, George. Art Sales: A History of Sales of Pictures and Other Works of Art; With Notices of the Collections Sold, Names of Owners, Titles of Pictures, Prices and Purchasers. 2 vols. (London: Bradbury, Agnew, & Co., 1888), vol. 2, pp. 193, 440.

Cordey, Jean. Inventaire des biens de Madame de Pompadour rédigé après son décès (Paris, 1939), p. 59, no. 380.

Reitlinger, Gerald. The Economics of Taste. Vol. 2, The Rise and Fall of Objets d'Art Prices since 1750 (New York: Barrie and Rockliff, 1963), pp. 582-83.

Freyberger, Ronald. "Chinese Genre Painting at Sèvres." American Ceramic Circle Bulletin (1970-1971), pp. 29-44, ill.

Brunet, Marcelle, and Tamara Préaud. Sèvres: Des origines à nos jours (Fribourg, 1978), p. 68, pl. XXII (one of pair).

"Acquisitions/1977- Mid-1979." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 6-7 (1978-79), pp. 44-45, no. 8.

Savill, Rosalind. "Two Pairs of Sèvres Vases at Boughton House." Apollo 110, no. 210 (August 1979), pp. 128-33, ill.

Wilson, Gillian. "Acquisitions Made by the Department of Decorative Arts, 1977 to mid 1979." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 6/7 (1978/1979), pp. 44-45, fig. 8.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), pp. 103-4, ill. (.1 only).

Jarry, Madeleine. Chinoiserie (New York, 1981), p. 120, ill. (detail of one vase).

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 56-57, no. 28.

Sassoon, Adrian. "Sèvres: Luxury for the Court." In Techniques of the World's Great Masters of Pottery and Ceramics. Hugo Morley-Fletcher, ed. (Oxford: Quarto Publishing Limited, 1984), pp. 64-65, ill.

Jackson-Stops, Gervase, ed. The Treasure Houses of Britain (Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, 1985), pp. 397-98 (entry by Rosalind Savill).

Ennès, Pierre. "Essai de réconstitution d'une garniture de Madame de Pompadour." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 42-43 (1984-1985), pp. 70-82.

Ennès, Pierre. Nouvelles acquisitions du départment des objets d'art, 1980-1984 (Paris: Musée du Louvre, 1985), p. 135.

Shifman, Barry. "Eighteenth-century Sèvres Porcelain: Two Rare Cuvettes Mahon." Apollo 121, no. 275 (January 1985), pp. 28-29, fig. 12.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), p. 168.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 78-79, no. 168.

Morley-Fletcher, Hugo. "The Earl of Dudley's Porcelain, 1886." Christie's International Magazine (April/May 1986), frontispiece ill. (one of pair).

Savill, Rosalind. The Wallace Collection: Catalogue of the Sèvres Porcelain. 3 vols. (London: Trustees of the Wallace Collection, 1988), vol. 1, p. 68, no. 29, pp. 192, 197, nos. 24, 33.

Shifman, Barry. "Eighteenth-Century Sèvres Porcelain in America." In Madame de Pompadour et la floraison des arts, Jean Bastien, Catherine Arminjon, eds. (Montreal: Musée David M. Stewart, 1988), pp. 118-23, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 2nd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1988), p. 168 (only .2 ill.).

Alcouffe, Daniel. Nouvelles acquisitions du département des objets d'art, 1985-1989 (Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des musées nationaux, 1990), p. 182, under no. 86, entry by Pierre Ennès.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), p. 184 (only 1 ill.).

Sassoon, Adrian. Vincennes and Sèvres Porcelain: Catalogue of the Collections (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), pp. 57-63, no. 11.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 132-34, no. 222.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 215, ill. (.1 only).

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), p. 98, no. 76.

Ennès, Pierre. Un dèfi au goût: 50 ans de création à la manufacture regale de Sèvres (1740-1793), exh. cat. (Paris, 1997), p. 76, no. 12.

Rochebrune, Marie-Laure de. "Charles Nicolas Dodin, miniature painter at Vincennes-Sèvres." The Magazine Antiques (October 2000), pp. 528, 530, ill.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), p. 215.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 114-15, no. 232.

Coutts, Howard. The Art of Ceramics: European Ceramic Design 1500-1830 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001), pp. 104, 113, fig. 136, ill.

Salmon, Xavier. Madame de Pompadour et les arts, exh. cat. (Versailles, musée national des châteaux de Versailles et Trianon, with Réunion des muséees nationaux, 2002), pp. 446-47, no. 182 (.2 only).

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 231, ill. (only one).

Rochebrune, Marie-Laure de. "L'inspiration chinoise à la Manufacture royale de porcelaine de Vincennes-Sèvres." In Pagodes et dragons: exotisme et fantaisie dans l'Europe rococo 1720-1770, exh. cat. Georges Brunel, ed. (Paris: Musée Cernuschi, 2007), p. 118n7.

Rochebrune, Marie-Laure de. Splendeur de la peinture sur porcelaine au XVIIIe siècle: Charles Nicolas Dodin et la manufacture de Vincennes-Sèvres, exh. cat. (Paris: Edition Artlys, 2012), pp. 79, 86-87, no. 27, ill. (.2 only).

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), p. 290, ill.

Munger, Jeffrey, and Elizabeth Sullivan. European Porcelain in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2018), p. 196, under no. 62.