Cabinet on Stand

Object Details

Title:

Cabinet on Stand

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to André-Charles Boulle (French, 1642 - 1732, master before 1666)
and medallions after Jean Varin (French, 1596 - 1672)

Culture:

French

Place:

Paris, France, Europe (Place created)

Date:

1675 to 1680

Medium:

Oak veneered with pewter, brass, tortoise shell, horn, ebony, ivory, and wood marquetry; bronze mounts; figures of painted and gilded oak; drawers of snakewood

Dimensions:

229.9 × 151.2 × 66.7 cm (90 1/2 × 59 1/2 × 26 1/4 in.)

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The decoration on this monumental cabinet refers to the French king Louis XIV's military victories. A panel of marquetry showing the cockerel of France standing triumphant over both the eagle of the Holy Roman Empire and the lion of Spain and the Spanish Netherlands decorates the central door. On the drawer above the door, gilt-bronze military trophies flank a medallion portrait of Louis XIV. In the Dutch Wars of 1672 to 1678, France fought simultaneously against the Dutch, Spanish, and Imperial armies, defeating them all. This cabinet celebrates the Treaty of Nijmegen, which concluded the war. Two large figures from Greek mythology, Hercules and Hippolyta, Queen of the Amazons, representatives of strength and bravery in war, appear to support the cabinet.

The fleurs-de-lis on the top two drawers indicate that the cabinet was made for Louis XIV. As it does not appear in inventories of his possessions, it may have served as a royal gift. The Sun King's portrait appears twice on this work. The bronze medallion above the central door was cast from a medal struck in 1661 that shows the king at the age of twenty-one. Another medallion inside shows him a few years later.

The pair to this cabinet still exists in Scotland. Both cabinets probably entered England in the early nineteenth century after the French Revolution caused the dispersal of so many French collections.

Provenance
- 1838

Possibly Thomas Henry Foley, fourth baron Foley, British, 1808 - 1869 (Witley Court, Worcestershire, England)

1838 - 1885

Possibly William Ward, first earl of Dudley, 1817 - 1885 (Witley Court, Worcestershire, England), house acquired, with contents, in 1838 from Lord Foley.

1885 - 1920

Possibly William Humble Ward, second earl of Dudley, 1867 - 1932 (Witley Court, Worcestershire, England), sold with the house.

1920 - 1938

Sir Herbert Smith, first baronet, British, 1872 - 1943 [sold, Jackson-Stops and Staff, Witley Court, September 29, 1938, lot 582.]

- 1948

Violet van der Elst, British, 1882 - 1966 (Harlaxton Manor, Lincolnshire, England) [sold, Christie's, London, April 8, 1948, lot 142.]

- 1976

John Prendergast Vereker, sixth viscount Gort, Anglo-Irish, 1886 - 1946 (Hamsterley Hall, County Durham, England) [sold by his heirs to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976.]

Exhibitions
Louis XIV at the Getty (June 9, 2015 to July 31, 2016)
  • The J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Center (Los Angeles), June 9, 2015 to July 31, 2016
Bibliography

"A la découverte." Connaissance des arts 35 (January 15, 1955), p. 58.

Marie, Alfred, and Jeanne Marie. Versailles: Son Histoire. Vol. 2, Mansart à Versailles (Paris: Fréalal, 1972), Vol. 2, pp. 631, 634.

"Current and Forthcoming Exhibitions." Burlington Magazine 120 (December 1978), p. 93.

"Acquisitions/1977- Mid-1979." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 6-7 (1978-79), pp. 37-38, no. 1.

Wilson, Gillian. Selections from the Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1983), pp. 6-7, no. 3.

Schwartz, Marvin D. "Boulle Furniture." Art and Antiques 6 (April 1983), p. 72.

Wilson, Gillian. "A Late Seventeenth-Century French Cabinet at the J. Paul Getty Museum." The Art Institute of Chicago Centennial Lecture: Museum Studies 10 (1983), pp. 121, 126-27, 129, figs. 1-4, 6, 8, 12-15, 20-22.

Wilson, Gillian. "A Secretaire by Philippe-Claude Montigny." The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 14 (1986), p. 126, fig. 8 (detail).

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 1st ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 144-45.

Sassoon, Adrian, and Gillian Wilson. Decorative Arts: A Handbook of the Collection of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1986), pp. 2-3, no. 4.

Jackson-Stops, Gervase. "Boulle by the Beach: Decorative Arts at the J. Paul Getty Museum." Country Life 179, no. 4624 (April 3, 1986), pp. 854-56, fig. 3.

Joyce, Henry. Splendid Innovations: The World of Design 1650-1785, exh. cat. (New York: Hyde Collection, 1986), pp. 3, 4, fig. 1.

Seelig, Lorenz. "Eine Reiterstatuette urfürst Max Emanuels von Bayern aus dem Jahr 1699." Anzeiger des germanischen Nationalmuseums (1986), p. 73n34.

Paredes, Llana. "Mueble Frances en el Museo Getty." Antiquaria 4, no. 38 (1987), p. 28, ill.

Pradère, Alexandre. Les ébénistes français de Louis XIV à la Révolution (Paris: Chêne, 1989), pp. 93-94, 104, no. 103, fig. 49.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 3rd ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991), pp. 158-59.

Riccardi-Cubitt, Monique. The Art of the Cabinet (London: Thames and Hudson, 1992), pp. 66-67, 177, pl. 45.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), pp. 14-16, no. 7.

Ramond, Pierre. Chefs d'oeuvre des marqueteurs. Vol. 1, Des origines à Louis XIV (Dourdan: Éditions H. Vial, 1994), pp. 114-21.

Staniszewski, Mary Anne. Believing is Seeing: Creating the Culture of Art (New York: Penguin, 1995), p. 92, detail of cupboard door illustrated.

Auslander, Leora. Taste and Power: Furnishing Modern France (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996), pp. 45-46, fig. 4.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 4th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 186-87.

Masterpieces of the J. Paul Getty Museum: Decorative Arts (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1997), pp. 54-55, no. 40.

Betsky, Aaron. "Sitting between Craft and Form." In Sitting on the Edge: Modernist Design from the Collection of Michael & Gabrielle Boyd (San Francisco: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 1998), p. 23, fig. 18.

Morley, John. Furniture: The Western Tradition, History, Style, Design (London: Thames & Hudson, 1999), pp. 142-43, fig. 255.

Ramond, Pierre. Masterpieces of Marquetry. Vol. 1, From the Beginnings to Louis XIV (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2000), pp. 114-21.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 6th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 182, 186-87, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp. 4-5, no. 7.

Boyd, Virginia T., and Glenn Adamson. Contemporary Studio Case Furniture: The Inside Story, exh. cat. (Madison, WI: Elvehjem Museum of Art, 2001), pp. 24, 26, 28, fig. 2 (entry by Virginia Boyd).

Ronfort, Jean Nérée. "Surviving Cabinets on Stands by Andre-Charles Boulle and the New Chronology of the Master's Oeuvre." Cleveland Studies in the History of Art 8 (2003), p. 48-50, fig. 5.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 7th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), pp. 206-7, ill.

Wilson, Gillian, et al. French Furniture and Gilt Bronzes: Baroque and Régence: Catalogue of the J. Paul Getty Museum Collection (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2008), pp. 22-49, no. 3.

Kopf, Silas. A Marquetry Odyssey: Historical Objects and Personal Work (Manchester, VT: Hudson Hills Press, 2008), pp. 97-98, fig. 127.

Cator, Charles, and Alexandre Pradère. "A Connoisseur's Eye: George Byng's Boulle Furniture." Apollo 169, no. 566 (June 2009), p. 42.

Ronfort, Jean Nérée, ed. André Charles Boulle 1642-1732: Un nouveau style pour l'Europe, exh. cat. (Paris: Somogy Editions d'Art, 2009), p. 68, fig. 7.

Baarsen, Reinier. Paris 1650-1900: Decorative Arts in the Rijksmuseum (New Haven: Yale University Press, with Rijksmuseum, 2013), p . 76.

Eighteenth Century: Birth of Design: Furniture Masterpieces 1650-1790, exh. cat. (Dijon: Éditions Faton, 2014), p. 68.

The J. Paul Getty Museum Handbook of the Collections. 8th ed. (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2015), pp. 254-255, ill.

Education Resources

Education Resource

Subjects

Grades

Format

The Ultimate Desk

Lesson in which students learn about the Baroque period, work in groups to create a Baroque desk, and reflection on the process in journals

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; Music

3-5

Long-Term Unit

Palace Adventure

The Getty's decorative arts collection inspires students' fantasy stories based on the book Corduroy.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts

K-2

Long-Term Unit

Looking at French Decorative Arts

Sculpting a Modern Hero

Lesson plan in which students discuss attributes depicted in a sculpture of Herakles and create their own sculptures of modern-day heroes.

Visual Arts; English–Language Arts; History–Social Science

6-8

Three/Five-Part Lesson

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