The J. Paul Getty Museum

Cabinet (one of a pair)

Object Details

Title:

Cabinet (one of a pair)

Artist/Maker:

Attributed to Adam Weisweiler (French, 1744 - 1820, master 1778)

Culture:

French (cabinet); Italian (pietra dure)

Place:

Paris, France; Italy (Place Created)

Date:

about 1785; pietra dura plaques mid-17th–mid-18th century

Medium:

Oak, pine, and beech veneered with ebony and mahogany; pewter stringing; set with pietra dure plaques; gilt-bronze mounts; portor d'Italie marble top

Object Number:

76.DA.9.1

Dimensions:

101.6 × 150.2 × 53 cm (40 × 59 1/8 × 20 7/8 in.)

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Object Description

From the Renaissance, art connoisseurs valued naturally colorful and rare hardstones, known as pietre dure, especially when they were arranged by artisans into plaques of mosaic patterns or pictorial reliefs. Often, the more splendid plaques were mounted into custom made and suitably grand cabinets.

The pietre dure plaques on this cabinet date from the mid-1600s to the mid-1700s; they were probably made by Italian craftsmen working in Rome, Florence, or Paris at the Gobelins manufactory. This particular cabinet passed through the Revolutionary-era Parisian art market in 1790 and 1793 before being acquired by the English ambassador to Saint-Petersburg, Russia, in 1808.

Provenance
Provenance
- 1790

M. Marin (Paris, France) [76.DA.9.1: sold, Catalogue d'une très-belle collection de tableaux [...] provenant du cabinet de feu M. Marin, Lebrun jeune, Saubert, Paris, March 22, 1790, lot 712 for 3,100 livres]

- 1793

Vincent Donjeux, French, died 1793 (rue Fossés-Montmartre, currently rue d'Aboukir, Paris, France) [76.DA.9.1: sold, Des objets précieux: trouvés après le décès du citoyen Vincent Donjeux, Lebrun, Paillet, Paris, April 29 et seq., 1793, no. 554, for 3,200 livres]

1808 - 1852

Alexander Archibald Douglas, 10th duke of Hamilton and 7th duke of Brandon, British, 1767 - 1852 (Old State Breakfast Room, Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland), 76.DA.9.1-2: purchased by Alexander Archibald Douglas, while as Marquess of Douglas and Clydesdale, in Saint Petersburg between January 1807 and August 1808 as "2 Bureaux en Mozaique de florence," apparently at the cost of 6,000 rubles; by descent to his son, William Alexander Douglas, eleventh duke of Hamilton and eighth duke of Brandon.
Source: Hamilton Archive, Lennoxlove, M4/70, 1825 Hamilton Palace Inventory, pp. 29 & 32; and Vol. 1225, 1835 Hamilton Palace Inventory, p. 137. Information courtesy of Dr. Godfrey Evans, Director of the Virtual Hamilton Palace Trust.
Note: As of 1825, the cabinets were located in the west wing, one in the Drawing Room and the other in the State Bed Room of the Old State Rooms, each valued at £100. In 1827, they were moved to the Old State Breakfast Room (the paneling for this room is now in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston). In 1835, the two were valued at [£] 300.

1852 - 1863

William Alexander Archibald Douglas, 11th duke of Hamilton and 8th duke of Brandon, British, 1811 - 1863 (Old State Breakfast Room, Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland), by inheritance to his son, William Alexander Louis Stephen Douglas-Hamilton, twelfth duke of Hamilton and ninth duke of Brandon.
Source: Hamilton Archive, Lennoxlove, Vol. 1228, 1852/53 Hamilton Palace Inventory, p. 138. Information courtesy of Dr. Godfrey Evans, Director of the Virtual Hamilton Palace Trust.
Note: Still Located in the Old State Breakfast Room.

1863 - 1882

William Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 12th Duke of Hamilton and 9th Duke of Brandon, British, 1845 - 1895 (Old State Breakfast Room, Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland) [sold, Christie's, London, June 19, 1882, lot 185 to Duncan for £273 or lot 186 to Duncan for £514 10 s]
Source: Hamilton Town House Library, Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Hamilton Estate Papers, 1876 Hamilton Palace Inventory, p. 88. Information courtesy of Dr. Godfrey Evans, Director of the Virtual Hamilton Palace Trust.
Note: Still located in the Old State Breakfast Room until 1882.

- 1885

Christopher Beckett-Denison, English, 1825 - 1884 (London, England) [76.DA.9.1: sold, Christie's, London, June 6 et seq., 1885, lot 817 to Maclean for 195 guineas (lot 817 sold on the sixth day, June 12, 1885)]

-

Moss Harris & Sons (London, England), sold to Sita Devi, Maharani of Baroda
Source: Correspondence from Theodore Dell to J. Paul Getty, in the file of the J. Paul Getty Museum, Department of Sculpture and Decorative Arts.

- 1973

Sita Devi, Maharani of Baroda, Indian, 1917 - 1989 (Paris, France; Monte Carlo, Monaco) [sold, Palais Galliera, Paris, November 29, 1973, lot 114 A]

- 1976

Aveline & Co. (Paris, France), sold to the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1976.

Exhibitions
Exhibitions
Getty Museum loan to the Detroit Institute of Arts (July 2, 1973 to October 22, 1976)
  • The Detroit Institute of Arts (Detroit), July 2, 1973 to October 22, 1976
Bibliography
Bibliography

Lebrun jeune, Saubert, Paris. Catalogue d'une très belle collection de tableaux d'Italie, de Flandres, de Hollande et de France. Dessins, estampes... provenant du Cabinet de feu M. Marin. March 22, 1790, lot 712.

Lebrun, Paillet, Paris. Catalogue des objets précieux trouvés aprés le décès du citoyen Vincent Donjeux, ancien négociant de tableaux et de curiosités. April 29, et seq., 1793, lot 554.

Christie's, London. The Hamilton Palace Collection. Illustrated Priced Catalogue. (Paris: Librarie de l'art and London: Remington and Co., 1882), p. 31, lot 185.

Christie, Manson & Woods, London. Catalogue of the valuable collection of pictures, works of art, and decorative objects of Christopher Beckett Denison, Esq. deceased, late of Upper Grosvenor Street. June 6, et seq., 1885, p. 81, lot 817 (sold on the sixth day, June 12, 1885).

Palais Galliera, Paris. Tableaux anciens, objets d'art et de bel ameublement, principalement du XVIIIe siècle. November 29, 1973, lot 114 A.

Wilson, Gillian. Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1977), p. 95, no. 122.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. Guidebook: The J. Paul Getty Museum. 4th ed. Sandra Morgan, ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1978), pp. 112-13, ill., cover ill.

Fredericksen, Burton B., Jiří Frel, and Gillian Wilson. The J. Paul Getty Museum Guidebook. 5th ed. (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1980), p. 122, ill.

Gonzàlez-Palacios, Alvar. Mosaici e pietre dure: mosaici a piccole tessere, pietre dure a Parigi e a Napoli (Milan: Fabbri, 1982), p. 48, ill.

Kjellberg, Pierre. Le Mobilier français du XVIIIe siècle: Dictionnaire des ébénistes et des menuisiers (Paris: Éditions de l'Amateur, 1989), p. 872.

Gonzalez-Palacios, Alvar. "vecchio barocco & nuovo classicismo." Casa vogue antiques 13, no. 13 (May 1991), p. 77, 79, ill.

Giusti, Anna Maria. Pietre Dure: Hardstone in Furniture and Decorations (London: Philip Wilson, 1992), p. 218, fig. 76.

Giusti, Anna Maria. Pietre Dure: l'arte europea del mosaico negli arredi e nelle decorazioni dal 1500 al 1800 (Turin: U. Allemandi, 1992), p. 219, fig. 75.

Bremer-David, Charissa, et al. Decorative Arts: An Illustrated Summary Catalogue of the Collections of the J. Paul Getty Museum (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1993), p. 22, no. 18.

Ramond, Pierre. Chefs d'oeuvre des marqueteurs. Vol. 1, Des origines à Louis XIV (Dourdan: Éditions H. Vial, 1994), p. 68, ill.

Sargentson, Carolyn. Merchants and Luxury Markets: The Marchands Merciers of Eighteenth-Century Paris (Malibu: Victoria and Albert Museum, in association with the J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), pp. 47, 180-81, pl. 14.

Wilson, Gillian, and Catherine Hess. Summary Catalogue of European Decorative Arts in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2001), pp.11-12, no. 18.

Hall, Michael. "A 'splendid and probably Unique Pebble': the Benetier de Charlemagne.'" The Burlington Magazine 154, no. 1311 (June 2012), p. 390.